100 años de la UNAM como difusora de cultura

 

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(Mex) El 22 de septiembre de 1910 como parte de los festejos del centenario de la Independencia de México, se creó la Universidad Nacional. Con esto se pretendía proyectar una imagen de progreso y civilización, que el país quería forjar. Ahora, en nuestros días, ahondar en la fundación de la Universidad Nacional de México es referirnos a los origínenos de una identidad y valores que  rigen a la reconocida “máxima casa de estudios” y a millones de mexicanos que han pasado por sus aulas.

A partir de 1954, los pasajes históricos universitarios se vivirán desde Ciudad Universitaria; los años de crecimiento, como los momentos de cimbre se generaron al resguardo de sus muros. Vendrán entonces los años de estabilidad universitaria en la década de 1950 y 1960, y la convulsión de 1968, el rectorado de Pablo González Casanova, la creación del Sindicato de Trabajadores de la UNAM, los proyectos de Soberón, la crisis de los años ochenta y la huelga de 1986, como la de 1999, manifiesto todo de ello de una historia viva y en constante transformación.

El papel educativo, la autonomía, la libertad de cátedra, el carácter laico de la enseñanza, la participación estudiantil y, por supuesto, la difusión de la cultura, son los valores que desde sus orígenes la Universidad ha mantenido, y que han sido sustantivos en los momentos más complejos de su historia.

 Actualmente la UNAM es una de las instituciones más representativas de la nación mexicana; es el proyecto educativo, científico, cultural y social más importante de México y uno de los más significativos para América Latina y el mundo iberoamericano en su conjunto.La finalidad sustancial de la UNAM, desde sus origines ha sido y sigue siendo, extender, con la mayor amplitud posible, los beneficios de la cultura. Es por este motivo que diversos organismos universitarios se dedican en forma específica al cumplimiento de ese fin desde 1929. Con la creación de la Dirección General de Difusión Cultural, en 1947, actualmente la Coordinación de Difusión Cultural, se empezó a propagar las corrientes más significativas de la cultura de los universitarios y del público en general.

 En cuanto a algunos de los recintos que albergan la cultura y conforman a la UNAM se encuentran una decena de museos que  tienen la labor de conservación, difusión y promoción del arte de todos los tiempos, en todas sus manifestaciones y vertientes, y donde se advierte el valor incalculable del patrimonio artístico que poseen. Dentro de este universo artístico se encuentran el Museo del Antiguo Colegio de San Idelfonso, el Museo Universitario del Chopo, el Museo Universitario de Ciencias y Arte, El Museo Experimental El Eco, el Museo Universitario Arte Contemporáneo (MUAC).

La música también es una fiel representante de que la cultura en la UNAM es de suma importancia, esto reflejado en que la Universidad es una de las pocas universidades en el mundo que cuenta con una orquesta filarmónica de prestigio internacional (OFUNAM) y una sala de concierto, dotada en su arquitectura e ingeniería acústica, para la ejecución de música sinfónica: la Sala Nezahualcoyotl.

El fenómeno teatral en esta casa de estudio está ampliamente atendido en todas sus manifestaciones. Desde la primera mitad del siglo XX, la UNAM ha impulsado las corrientes más renovadoras del teatro mexicano y ha abierto sus escenarios a las propuestas más arriesgadas del teatro universal. Además promueve la formación de nuevos talentos a través de su Festival Nacional de Teatro Universitario. Entre los espacios para la realización de esta expresión cultural está el Teatro Juan Ruiz de Alarcón, el Foro Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, el Teatro Santa Catarina.

 En cuanto a la cuestión cinematográfica, podemos hablar de la labor de rescate, conservación, difusión y promoción del cine que realiza la UNAM y que es reconocida mundialmente. Dentro de esta casa de estudios se encuentra el acervo fílmico más antiguo e importante de América Latina; además en sus salas cinematográficas se programa día a día lo mejor de la producción universal. La Filmoteca de la UNAM, archivo cinematográfico más importante de Latinoamérica, las salas de cine Julio Bracho y José Revueltas, la sala cinematográfica Fósforo y el cinematógrafo del Chopo, son los espacios donde se desarrolla este fenómeno cultural.

La danza mexicana se ha visto beneficiada también por las aportaciones de la UNAM a su desarrollo. Esto se puede advertir en la tradición y prestigio que han acumulado sus grupos coreográficos en las últimas dos décadas: Danza Libre Universitaria, Danza Contemporánea Universitaria y Taller Coreográfico de la UNAM. La Sala Miguel Covarrubias ha sido el escenario perfecto para acoger a esta expresión cultural.

Por otra parte, una de los aspectos a resaltar, es que la UNAM es la casa editora más grande de América Latina. Publica cerca de 700 novedades al año y, entre ediciones, reediciones, reimpresiones y publicaciones de circulación interna, esta casa de estudios entrega a la prensa más de tres tirajes diarios. Para la distribución y la venta de ediciones, la UNAM cuenta con un sistema de librerías, en las cuales podemos mencionar, la Librería Julio Torri y la Librería Jaime García Terrés. Por lo anterior, el quehacer literario de México ha estado ligado al destino de la Universidad. Autores prominentes de México o, simplemente, jóvenes talentos, esta casa de estudios ha brindado sus puertas para la realización de este trabajo. La UNAM es difusora de la obra de autores nacionales e internacionales y promotora de la lectura entre la comunidad universitaria y la sociedad en general.

  Los medios de comunicación, no podían faltar, como parte importante de la difusión cultural de la que se encarga la Universidad. La radiodifusión cultural y la producción televisiva son una tradición en la UNAM de más de medio siglo. Tanto Radio UNAM como TV UNAM son las ventanas a través de las cuales esta casa de estudios comprarte con la sociedad en general los beneficios de su proyecto cultural y académico.

El Centro Cultural Universitario, el Centro Cultural Tlatelolco y la Casa del Lago son los espacios idóneos con los que cuenta la Universidad en el ámbito cultural universitario, para llevar a cabo cada una de las manifestaciones artísticas con que cuenta esta “máxima casa de estudios”.

Es por esto, y por mucho más, que la UNAM ha sido galardona por diversos premios y distinciones durante su larga, y extensa historia. Uno de ellos ha sido el nombramiento por parte de la UNESCO hacia el campus central de Ciudad Universitaria de la UNAM como Patrimonio de la Humanidad, el 28 de junio de 2007. El Premio Príncipe de Asturias en el área de Comunicación y Humanidades 2009. Los diferentes Premios Nobel a distintos actores importantes en el desarrollo de la Universidad como fueron Octavio Paz, Alfonso García Robles y Mario Molina.

La UNAM periodicamente galardona también a distintas personalidades que contribuyen al conocimiento científico, social y artístico con doctorados Honoris Causa, para conmemorar los 100 años de la UNAM, el Consejo Universitario aprobó la entrega de 16 doctorados Honoris Causa a personajes por sus meritos excepcionales en los ámbitos de las ciencias, las letras, la academia y las artes. Los condecorados son el sismólogo Vitelmo Bertero Risso; el lingüista Noam Chomsky; la dirigente indígena Mirna Kay Cunningham; la filóloga Margit Frenk; el filosofo Ángel Gabilondo Pujol; el economista David Ibarra Muñoz; la antropóloga Linda Rosa Manzanilla Naim; el escritor Carlos Monsiváis; el médico Fernando Ortiz Monasterio; el escritor José Emilio Pacheco; el astrónomo Luis Felipe Rodríguez Jorge, la dirigente social Nawal El Saadawi; el pintor y escultor Federico Silva, el escritor Mario Vargas Llosa, la dirigente Social Simone J. Veil y el filosofo Ramón Xirau.

Por inumerables razones, la universidad se ha ido colocando como centro de cultura laica y plural a nivel nacional e internacional, a 100 años de su fundación es algo que habrá que reconocer y que tomar como ejemplo. 

 http://www.100.unam.mx

RL

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