2010: Año de Bicentenarios

BICENTENARIO_LOGOPor fin llega  el  año de los centenarios  y  bicentenarios  en diversos  países  de  América  Latina.  Países  como, Chile, Colombia,  Bolivia, Argentina, Venezuela y  México  festejan  200  años de Independencia  del  yugo  europeo, en  particular  México cumple  200  años  de  la  sublevación  en  contra  de  los  españoles  y  100  años  del  inicio  de  la Revolución  Mexicana  que  comienza  tras el derrocamiento  de  la dictadura  del presidente  Porfirio  Díaz.

Algunos  países  de  América  celebraran  con  una  fiesta  meramente  cultural, homenajearan a  los  héroes  que  les dieron patria , adhiriendo a  ello  los  bailes  típicos  llenos  de color  y  alegría,  sabores  y olores tradicionales  de  cada  nación, el  Bicentenario más que una fiesta es  una  celebración  latinoamericana.

Cabe  destacar  que  internacionalmente  en este  año  se  celebran  100  años  del  Día  Internacional  de  la Mujer  Trabajadora,  el  natalicio  de  la  Madre  Teresa  de  Calcuta  y  del  político  peruano  Genaro  Carnero  Checa  fundador  en México  de  la  Federación  Latinoamericana  de  periodistas,  así  como  la  muerte  de  León  Tolstoi.

Tampoco hay  que  olvidar  que  en  México en 1910  se  dieron  una  serie  de  sucesos  que  merecen honores  por sí mismos, como  la  fundación  de  la  Cruz  Roja  fundada  por  Luz  Gonzales  Cosío de López  tras  llevar  ayuda  comunitaria  a la  ciudad  de  Monterrey  devastada  por  lluvias torrenciales  que cayeron a  finales de 1909,  con  lo cual  Porfirio Díaz  decretó  gracias  a la  ayuda  de  Luz  Gonzales  el  21  de febrero de  1910  el nacimiento de  la Cruz  Roja  Mexicana.

De  igual  manera  hay  que  rescatar  la  fundación de la  Universidad  Nacional Autónoma  de  México  el  22  de septiembre  de  1910,  que  heredó  el carácter  Nacional de  la  Antigua  Real  y  Pontificia  Universidad  de  México,  y  se  alejó  de  la enseñanza  meramente  religiosa  para dar  lugar  a un  conocimiento  más  crítico  y  científico.

También se  celebra  el natalicio del  presidente  Adolfo López  Mateos  y  del perseguido líder  ferrocarrilero  oaxaqueño  Demetrio  Vallejo  Martínez,  nombrado  Secretario  General  del Sindicato  Ferrocarrilero  que  defendió  la  democracia  sindical  parando  ferrocarriles  de  su marcha, y que  a  su  vez  fundó  el Partido  Mexicano  de  los  Trabajadores  el  cual  tenía  como integrantes  a  Heberto Castillo, Lázaro  Cárdenas,  Heriberto  Jara,  Carlos  Fuentes,  entre  otros.

Recordemos  además  la muerte  de  uno de  los precursores  de  la  Revolución    más  destacado: Aquiles  Serdán,  asesinado  el  18  de  Noviembre  de  1910.

Por  su parte Chile  conmemora  dos  siglos  de  su independencia  el  18  de septiembre  del  año  en curso  tras  recordar  la Primera  Junta  de  Gobierno  después de  reunirse  una  comunidad  de pobladores  de ciudades  hispanoamericanas  con  el  fin  de  reorganizar  una  estructura  gubernamental,  en la  que  no  intervinieran  los  españoles  que eran  los conquistadores de  la  nación  chilena.

Colombia  del mismo modo  se  libera  de  los españoles  el 20  de junio  de  1810,  un  grupo de patriotas  organizaron  una  revuelta  que dio  como  origen  a  su Independencia.  Bolivia  se  sublevó  el 14  de  septiembre  del  mismo año  encabezado por  Esteban  Arze,  Argentina  en  la  Revolución de Mayo  formó un gobierno patrio,  a  su  vez  el 19  de abril  Venezuela  se  subleva  por  medio  de  un movimiento popular  el cual  dio inicio  a  la lucha  por su independencia.

Es  curioso,  todos  los países  mencionados  anteriormente  eran  dominados  por  los  españoles,  y  es  curioso  que  los  padres  de  la  patria  de  las  naciones  no  fueron parte de los pueblos  originarios,  sino  los  criollos,  es  decir,  hijos  de  los  españoles  blancos.  De ahí que se critique    que    la guerra  de  descolonización fue un simple  cambio  simbólico,  y en realidad  los pueblos  originarios  siguen siendo  explotados.

Lo cierto es que estas  luchas  han guiado  lo que  somos  en la  actualidad en Latinoamérica,  ¡Vivan  los  días  en donde  se  proclama  la libertad  y  la Justicia  para  todos!  Así  sea.

RL

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