Alberto Chimal, de escritura y tecnología

Alberto Chimal, Navidad de 2007 en Los Ángeles, California / ©Foto: Fabien Castro

Por Katia Rodríguez

El escritor Alberto Chimal arriba a la Galería de Rectores del Palacio de Minería. Antes de iniciar su ponencia en la XXXIII Feria Internacional del Libro admira los diferentes cuadros de los rectores que ha tenido la Facultad de Ingeniería de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, los cuales reflejan las distintas corrientes artísticas que predominaban en su tiempo. Distintas perspectivas del arte humano, la evolución de la herramienta… muy relacionado con lo que se dispone a hablar en su ponencia “Escritura y Tecnología”.

Reafirmando que hablará sobre la tecnología, Chimal saca su tablet iPad y comienza a leer un escrito digital que remonta al público a la escritura en máquina de escribir, el mimeógrafo —desconocido para algunos asistentes— y las clases de caligrafía de la enseñanza básica en México, para tener una mejor escritura a mano.

Sabe de lo que habla porque —como menciona al público—, al haber nacido en 1970, él fue de las últimas generaciones que pudo utilizar aquella máquina, ahora considerada obsoleta. Pudo ser espectador de los temores de la sociedad ante la introducción de la computadora personal. Recordó entonces cómo se criticó a Gabriel García Márquez por ser uno de los primeros en publicar una novela escrita en computadora digital, el mentado volumen era El amor en los tiempos del cólera.

La computadora, señaló Chimal, permitió en su tiempo actividades insospechadas al escribir. Con comandos como cortar, pegar y borrar se facilitó la edición del texto. En 1995 y 1996, mencionó, la industria editorial comenzaba a utilizar estas herramientas, pero fue con la facilitación de la tecnología a un público más amplio que esta permitió reintegrar y modificar elementos como “monstruos de Frankenstein”.

Ahora los fantasmas cambian y el mundo electrónico es el nuevo blanco de las críticas. Para Chimal, la escritura digital no es el futuro sino el presente. Las palabras ya no se perciben como fijas en piedra sino que se pierden ante la rapidez de los comentarios. La gente que escribe en Internet no necesariamente tiene la intención de permanecer en el interés colectivo.

Chimal considera que la escritura se vuelve una idea más liberadora, atrayendo a mayor número de personas. “Estoy convencido —expresó—, las nuevas generaciones leen muchísimo más en una pantalla que en cualquier otro medio, como el papel, y escriben mucho más de lo que escribían sus padres. Aunque solo sea un ‘voy al baño?’ o ‘¿cómo estás?’, se están comunicando, se están relacionando de otra manera con la expresión, con el texto, con el lenguaje”.

El conferencista consideró que al igual que la oralidad generó la poesía y los cuentos breves; la escritura manual originó textos con mayor longitud, la imprenta dio vida a la novela, y la ciberliteratura —si es que existe— ahora permite la creación de nuevos géneros que dan lugar a formas antiguas de expresión, como el aforismo, la minificción y la poesía haiku.

Ante los cuestionamientos del público, relacionados con las ganancias que pueden obtener los escritores al publicar textos online y los intentos de algunas casas editoriales —presentes en la feria— por vender libros en la red, Chimal los tranquilizó diciendo que México no posee una infraestructura para que se pueda hablar de un mercado editorial nuevo, sino que será un proceso que tardará, todavía, cierto tiempo.

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Alberto Chimal (Toluca, 1970) es narrador, ensayista y dramaturgo. Autor de una veintena de títulos entre los que se cuentan la novela Los Esclavos (Almadía, 2009), el ensayo La cámara de maravillas (UdeG/Arlequín, 2003), la dramaturgia Canovacci (IMC, 1998), el guión para cómic “Horacio en las ciudades” ilustrado por Ricardo “Micro” García dentro de la antología Pulpo Comics (Molleja/Conaculta, 2004), y más de una decena de libros de relatos, Chimal recién publicó El viajero del tiempo (Conaculta/INBA, 2012), un compilado de minificciones sobre las aventuras de un personaje suyo narradas en 140 caracteres vía una cuenta de Twitter: @albertochimal.

Feria Internacional del Libro del Palacio de Minería / KRR

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