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“Patti Smith (Horses)” (1975), Robert Mapplethorpe

“Patti Smith (Horses)” (1975), Robert Mapplethorpe

GRACIELA S. SILVA |

Pareja que cruzó por distintas etapas, Robert Mapplethorpe y Patti Smith apoyaron sus deseos de crear uno sobre el otro en innumerables ocasiones. Los retratos de ella realizados por el fotógrafo, siempre revelan intimidad y cercanía. La amistad comenzada en los últimos años de la adolescencia y conservada hasta la muerte de Mapplethorpe muestra sus distintas facetas a través de las imágenes.

“Patti Smith (Horses)” (1975) muestra a la cantante en una faceta distinta a los muchos retratos previos realizados por el artista. Con esta imagen saltará formalmente a la música con lo que consolidará el sueño de ambos. Quizá por esto su actitud parece más rígida, menos desgarbada.

Antes de comenzar a experimentar con una Polaroid, Mapplethorpe se interesó por el dibujo y la pintura; posteriormente brinco al collage, en donde comenzó a interesarse por las figuras masculinas y empleó recortes de revistas pornográficas para crear su obra. Después, se interesó en capturar con su lente los encuadres que requería para realizar su obra, aunque todavía no valoraba sus imágenes solas.

Para la época en la que está fechada la fotografía, Mapplethorpe ya había aceptado su homosexualidad, con lo que su vida y su obra habían dado un giro completo. Antes de que lo hiciera, había mantenido una larga relación amorosa con Patti Smith, que incluso había llevado al artista a fingir un matrimonio con ella ante su familia conservadora; este nexo entre ambos fue transformándose paulatinamente en una larga amistad.

El fotógrafo permitió que su cámara atravesara por distintas facetas, las más conocidas son las imágenes de contenido sexual explícito, en las que mezcló sus experiencias sadomasoquistas con la importancia de la estética y el minucioso cuidado de la medición de la luz.

En “Patti Smith (Horses)” el escrupuloso cuidado de la exposición permite un gran contraste, de este modo divide el encuadre entre las zonas de oscuridad y las de luz. El rostro de la modelo mira de frente con gran seriedad. Su vestuario —planeado con esmero, según sabemos— muestra la faceta andrógina de la artista.

La iluminación proviene del lado derecho de la escena, posiblemente de un ventanal. La parte derecha de la pared más cercana al borde inferior, muestra prácticamente un blanco puro, que incluso borra el límite del muro en la esquina. El negro, está situado sobre Patti Smith en contraste con su camisa. Las partes más sombrías se encuentran en su cabello y en su pantalón.

El momento capturado en el retrato es el instante previo al éxito de la cantante. Es también el comienzo de una nueva vida para Mapplethorpe, en la cual tendrá la libertad de crear con la ayuda de un mecenas que apostará por su talento. Pero sobre todo, la imagen muestra el final de una época para ambos, la de la vida austera y la creación en silencio.

| RMM | GSS | Luz negra | @Versalisima |

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