Descubren arte rupestre en Guanajuato

Investigadores del Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (INAH), dirigidos por al arqueólogo Carlos Viramontes, hallaron al noreste de Guanajuato más de tres mil motivos pictóricos rupestres durante la cuarta temporada de investigación y registro del proyecto “Arte Rupestre en la cuenca del Río Victoria” que abarca la zona semidesértica de Querétaro y Guanajuato.

Dichas improntas están distribuidas en 40 sitios rocosos, ubicados en los municipios de Tierra Blanca, San Luis de la Paz, San Diego de la Unión, Xichú y Victoria.

En ellas se aluden a rituales de paso, curación, petición de lluvias y culto a los cerros, estás fueron elaboradas entre los siglos I y X de nuestra era por antiguas sociedades de cazadores-recolectores que ocuparon la zona.

Además, entre estas ilustraciones se descubrieron representaciones religiosas e inscripciones realizadas por comunidades otomíes durante la época colonial, así como otras realizadas por rancheros y religiosos en los siglos XIX y XX.

Estos espacios se suman a los 70 que desde la década de los 80 han sido hallados en la entidad, los cuales fueron clasificados, preliminarmente, en dos grupos.

Por un lado están los “públicos”, donde la probabilidad de que un gran número de personas participara en su creación como parte de algún ritual es muy alto pues el acceso resulta fácil al estar ubicados a los pies de montes y en los valles; por otro lado se encuentran los “privados”, en los que se cree que un número reducido de individuos hacían ceremonias debido a la dificultad para llegar a ellos pues es encuentran escondidos en cabañas y barrancas.

Un ejemplo de los sitios privados, señaló Viramontes, es el conocido como “Manitas” en la comunidad de Tierra Blanca y Cerro Gordo, en el municipio San Luis de la Paz, que corresponde a un lugar privado en el que probablemente participaban sólo los especialistas de rituales y sus aprendices, pues se ubica cerca de una cumbre montañosa de aproximadamente 3 mil 400 metros de altura.

Las figuras de este sitio aluden a representaciones de humanos, plantas y animales, algunos semejantes a seres fantásticos, así como trazos geométricos y manos en colores negro y rojo.

En contraste, la zona de Cerro Redondo es considerada un espacio público. Se trata de una pequeña elevación en medio de una planicie que fue habitada por sociedades de cazadores-recolectores.

Cabe señalar que las representaciones realizadas por cazadores-recolectores presentan característicamente tonos rojos, amarillos y negros y se utilizaron generalmente para representar figuras humanas con tocados, faldellines y escudos, así como algunos instrumentos no identificados del todo, como arcos y flechas en escenas de caza o guerra.

Carlos Viramontes destacó que además existe una gran diversidad de animales representados, en su mayoría ciervos, cánidos, aves e insectos como ciempiés y arácnidos.

De acuerdo con el arqueólogo, el acto de plasmar imágenes en la roca iba más allá de dejar huella en la memoria colectiva, puesto que para ellos los frentes rocosos utilizados al pintar eran el punto de contacto entre el mundo material y el espiritual, según se ha concluido por la iconografía en la que se releja el culto a la piedra y al cerro como entidades vivas.

Asimismo señaló que las pinturas rupestres relacionadas a la época colonial están compuestas por representaciones de cruces, capillas, altares e inscripciones con fechas, todas ellas realizadas con pigmentación blanca, propia de los pueblos otomíes que se asentaron en el semidesierto guanajuatense y queretano a partir del siglo XVI.

En lo que respecta a imágenes del siglo XIX, se observan cruces, altares y personajes pintados por rancheros, esto último se determinó por los trazos burdos y la pigmentación roja con que fueron hechos, además de que portan pantalones bombachos y sombreros propios de la época.

Mientras que del siglo XX sólo se encontraron pinturas de copas y cruces, probablemente realizadas durante la guerra cristera en la década de 1920, de acuerdo con referencias de los habitantes de la comunidad quienes comentaron que durante esa época el abrigo rocoso fue ocupado por diversos religiosos, donde estos realizaban algunos de sus ritos.

Actualmente se elabora el informe de estos sitios y la iconografía que contiene. Estos hallazgos, anunciados por el INAH la semana pasada, quedarán inscritos en la Dirección de Registro Público de Monumentos y Zonas Arqueológicas del INAH durante el febrero próximo.

RMM/EZ

6.089 Comments

  1. Thanks-a-mundo for the article.Much thanks again. Really Cool.

  2. Speed Corner motoryzacja, motogry, motosport. LEMGallery

  3. Major thanks for the post.Much thanks again. Great.

  4. Really informative article. Cool.

  5. Muchos Gracias for your blog article. Will read on…

  6. Hi, Neat post. There’s a problem with your website in internet explorer, would check this… IE still is the market leader and a big portion of people will miss your great writing due to this problem.

  7. Im thankful for the blog.Really looking forward to read more. Will read on…

  8. Hello there. I found your site by the use of Google at the same time as searching for a comparable topic, your web site got here up. It looks good. I’ve bookmarked it in my google bookmarks to come back then.

  9. really fastidious piece of writing on building up new web site.

  10. It’s actually very difficult in this full of activity life to listen news on TV, therefore I just use world wide web for that reason, and obtain the most recent news.

  11. Hi my family member! I wish to say that this article is amazing, nice written and include almost all vital infos. I’d like to peer extra posts like this.

  12. Appreciate you sharing, great post.Really thank you! Will read on…

  13. Wow, great article.Really looking forward to read more. Want more.

  14. Some genuinely excellent posts on this web site , thankyou for contribution.

  15. Wow, amazing blog layout! How long have you been blogging for? you made blogging look easy. The overall look of your site is fantastic, let alone the content!

  16. Thanks for another great article. Where else could anyone get that type of info in such a perfect way of writing? I ave a presentation next week, and I am on the look for such information.

  17. I truly appreciate this blog. Really Great.

  18. Im obliged for the blog.Thanks Again. Really Great.

  19. Hiya, I am really glad I’ve found this information. Today bloggers publish only about gossip and net stuff and this is really annoying. A good website with interesting content, that is what I need. Thank you for making this site, and I will be visiting again. Do you do newsletters by email?

  20. You made certain fine points there. I did a search on the topic and found mainly people will agree with your blog.

  21. It still looks to me this has missed its chance.

  22. Then again, slap the cat and spit on the fire! It is not difficult fellows and is right in front of you.

  23. Thanks so much for the blog post.Thanks Again. Want more.

  24. “Best Package Forwarding Service, Package Forwarding Service, Parcel Forwarding Service, Parcel Forwarding, UK Shipping Forwarder, UK Shipping Services”

  25. I value the blog.Really looking forward to read more. Cool.

  26. Thank you for sharing superb informations. Your website is very cool. I am impressed by the details that you have on this web site. It reveals how nicely you understand this subject. Bookmarked this website page, will come back for more articles. You, my pal, ROCK! I found just the info I already searched everywhere and just could not come across. What an ideal web site.

  27. wow, awesome blog post.Much thanks again. Cool.

  28. Excellent post. Keep posting such kind of information on your page.
    Im really impressed by your site.
    Hi there, You’ve performed an excellent job. I’ll definitely digg
    it and in my opinion suggest to my friends.
    I am sure they will be benefited from this web
    site.

  29. Hello there! Quick question that’s completely off topic.Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly?My website looks weird when viewing from my iphone 4. I’m trying tofind a template or plugin that might be able to correct this problem.If you have any suggestions, please share. Many thanks!

  30. Hey there. I found your site by way of Google while searching for a similar topic, your website came up. It appears good. I’ve bookmarked it in my google bookmarks to visit then.

  31. when I have time I will be back to read much more, Please do keep up the superb jo.

  32. Your mode of telling all in this post is truly good, every one can effortlessly be aware of it,
    Thanks a lot.

  33. You ave made some good points there. I checked on the net to find out more about the issue and found most individuals will go along with your views on this web site.

  34. whoah this weblog is wonderful i really like reading
    your posts. Keep up the great work! You recognize, a
    lot of individuals are hunting round for this info,
    you can aid them greatly.

  35. writing is my passion that as why it is quick for me to do post writing in significantly less than a hour or so a

  36. Upload your photos, host your videos, and share them with friends and family.

  37. I would like to start making money blogging. Can someone lead me in the right direction? There are so many free sites, kits, etc? Don at know where to start?.

  38. Well I really liked studying it. This subject provided by you is very practical for accurate planning.

  39. I got this site from my pal who shared with me concerning this site and now this time I am browsing this web site and reading
    very informative posts at this time.

  40. Thank you for sharing your thoughts. I really appreciate your efforts and I will
    be waiting for your further post thanks once again.

  41. You made some respectable points there. I seemed on the web for the issue and found most people will go together with along with your website.

  42. WOW just what I was searching for. Came here by searching for where coconut oil

  43. I do trust all of the ideas you’ve introduced in your post.
    They’re very convincing and can definitely work.
    Nonetheless, the posts are too brief for beginners.
    May just you please lengthen them a bit from subsequent time?
    Thank you for the post.

  44. whoah this blog is fantastic i really like reading your posts.Keep up the great work! You recognize, lots of people are hunting around for this information, you can aid themgreatly.

  45. Only wanna tell that this is extremely helpful, Thanks for taking your time to write this.

  46. Can I just say what a relief to find someone that really knows what they are talking about on the internet. You certainly know how to bring an issue to light and make it important. More and more people ought to read this and understand this side of your story. I can’t believe you aren’t more popular because you surely possess the gift.

  47. Thanks-a-mundo for the blog.Really looking forward to read more. Awesome.

  48. I used to be able to find good info from your blog posts.

  49. konw ohw keyouo of ohw tiow. kookt kikw e ohwmw I am uting.

  50. This website really has all the information and facts I wanted about this subject and didn at know who to ask.

  51. There as definately a great deal to learn about this topic. I really like all the points you have made.

  52. You made some decent points there. I did a search on the subject matter and found most guys will go along with with your site.

  53. Thanks for the article post.Thanks Again. Great.

  54. I truly appreciate this post. I have been looking all over for this! Thank goodness I found it on Bing. You have made my day! Thx again

  55. Hi there, just became aware of your blog through
    Google, and found that it is truly informative.
    I am gonna watch out for brussels. I’ll appreciate if
    you continue this in future. Many people will be benefited from your writing.
    Cheers!

  56. Really appreciate you sharing this blog article.Much thanks again. Will read on

  57. Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wished to say that I ave really enjoyed browsing your blog posts. In any case I all be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again soon!

  58. This is one awesome blog post.Thanks Again. Want more.

  59. I truly appreciate this article post. Keep writing.

  60. Nice blog here! Also your website loads up very fast! What web host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link to your host? I wish my web site loaded up as quickly as yours lol

  61. This awesome blog is without a doubt entertaining as well as diverting. I have picked a lot of useful things out of this blog. I ad love to go back every once in a while. Thanks a lot!

  62. This is the right blog for anyone who wants to find out about this topic. You realize so much its almost hard to argue with you (not that I actually would want?HaHa). You definitely put a new spin on a topic thats been written about for years. Great stuff, just great!

  63. You should take part in a contest for one of the best blogs on the web. I will recommend this site!

  64. hello there and thank you for your information – I’ve certainly picked up something new from right here. I did however expertise several technical points using this site, since I experienced to reload the site lots of times previous to I could get it to load properly. I had been wondering if your web host is OK? Not that I am complaining, but slow loading instances times will sometimes affect your placement in google and can damage your high-quality score if ads and marketing with Adwords. Well I’m adding this RSS to my e-mail and can look out for much more of your respective intriguing content. Ensure that you update this again very soon..

  65. Very good article post.Really thank you! Really Great.

  66. Aw, this was a really nice post. In idea I would like to put in writing like this additionally ? taking time and actual effort to make a very good article? but what can I say? I procrastinate alot and by no means seem to get something done.

  67. There is noticeably a bundle to know about this. I assume you made certain nice points in features also.

  68. Hello! I just would like to give a huge thumbs up for the great info you have here on this post. I will be coming back to your blog for more soon.

  69. page dailly and get fastidious information from here daily.

  70. There is certainly a great deal to learn about this subject. I really like all the points you made.

  71. thank you web site admin

  72. I will regularly upload tons of stock imagery but I?m not sure what to do about the copyright issue? please help!.. Thanks!.

  73. Very good blog.Really thank you! Really Cool.

  74. Regards for this post, I am a big fan of this web site would like to go along updated.

  75. thank you web site admin

  76. Wow! Thank you! I permanently wanted to write on my website something like that. Can I include a fragment of your post to my site?

  77. woh I love your content , saved to favorites !.

  78. This very blog is without a doubt awesome and besides factual. I have picked many handy things out of it. I ad love to come back again and again. Thanks!

  79. I wish to show my gratitude for your kindness for individuals that require guidance on this one subject matter. Your very own dedication to getting the message all around appears to be really good and has in every case empowered ladies much like me to realize their objectives. Your personal invaluable help and advice indicates much to me and somewhat more to my colleagues. Thanks a lot; from all of us.

  80. Thanks-a-mundo for the blog.Really looking forward to read more. Awesome.

  81. thank you web site admin

  82. Thanks for writing such a interesting article, I stumbled onto your site and read a few articles. I like your style of writing

Leave a Reply

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *

*