El atentado: la caricatura inútil de Jorge Fons

el atentado

Este año, el irrefrenable –casi fútil – espíritu patriótico ha llevado a los medios masivos de comunicación a la creación -casi en serie- de una campaña masiva de cine y televisión que busca la exaltación nacionalista a través de relatos “memorables” del Bicentenario. Entre series televisivas, películas animadas y campañas continuas de los héroes mexicanos, la exacerbada fiebre ha llevado a una veneración cuasi acrítica de los hechos históricos, privilegiando la imagen maniquea –comercial y políticamente denominada “películas patrias”- sobre el análisis del ambiguo y subjetivo hecho histórico.

Ahora bien, podría pensarse que dentro de tal ambiente de enajenación nacionalista, Jorge Fons (El callejón de los milagros) logró con El atentado (2010) dar forma a una perspectiva crítica que logró ir sobre la mera exaltación del periodo histórico para fijar la vista aguda sobre las conspiraciones políticas y los juegos de poder del México pre-revolucionario. Sin embargo, lo anterior quedó reducido a meras intenciones, puesto que el filme no sólo erró en la sátira, sino que la mala producción, estructuración y enfoque lo destinó a ser uno de las peores películas mexicanas.

Uno de los primeros y más claros fallos del filme es la carencia de un hilo argumental central. Si bien Fons se basó en El expediente del atentado, novela de Álvaro Uribe, -que relata como el 16 de septiembre de 1897 un borracho atentó contra Porfirio Díaz-  lo que Fons intenta mostrar es la vida del agresor y de quienes lo rodean y cómo cada uno de ellos se vio afectado por dicho golpe para, en torno a esas relaciones, armar la sátira social y política.

Pero, fuera de desarrollar inteligentemente las relaciones de acción y sentido de los personajes, ninguna línea de acción se relaciona eficazmente con las otras: la anécdota del atentado y el destino de su perpetrador, Arnulfo Arroyo, es abandonado prontamente a pesar de ser el hilo vertebral; las anécdotas periféricas -la relación de aquel con Federico Gamboa, Eduardo Velázquez (Jefe de policia) y Cordelia Godoy (amante de los tres)- se tornan confusas, descuidadas e incompletas, a tal grado de que la anécdota amorosa termina siendo el relato de mayor interés, contra la vena crítica que se anunciaba en un principio.

Por otro lado, ha sido tema de debate la naturaleza de la producción visual. Con un presupuesto de algo más de siete millones de dólares (cantidad inimaginable para cualquier producción mexicana), la ambientación a través de escenarios -pintados- ha llevado a pensar que tal presupuesto desapareció en bolsillos extraños; tal gasto no se ve reflejado. Sin embargo, la elección del ambiente no era fortuito; el filme estaba planeado como una suerte de farsa montada en que los hechos fílmicos eran recreados en una especie de juego de metateatro; donde en un pequeño escenario de variedades se hacía mofa directa de los sucesos narrados. Desgraciadamente, la mala dirección del filme no sólo no logra hacer efectivo tal experimento, sino que hunde totalmente sus posibilidades expresivas y críticas al hacerlo parecer pecado de mala producción.

Sin duda, es penoso que habiendo propuestas inteligentes y verdaderamente críticas en producción o en proyección (El infierno, de Luis Estrada y Somos lo que hay, de Jorge Michel Grau, por mencionar algunas), los excesivos presupuestos e impulsos sean otorgados a proyectos que ya no buscan ser cáusticos, sino complacientes y previsibles, políticamente “correctos y necesarios” en la campaña pro-nacionalista del Bicentenario; donde la caricatura social y política ya no es necesaria, y si acaso es usada, ya no hiere. Tan sólo roza, hace cosquillas y, de tan inútil, casi provoca risa.

AM/RL

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