100 años de Teotihuacan

teotihuacan-ciudad-de-mexico Antes de que hubiese día, se reunieron los 

 dioses en Teotihuacan y dijeron,

¿Quién alumbrará el mundo?

                                                                                      Leyenda antigua

(Mex) Para Octavio Paz fue en Teotihuacan donde los dioses enfrentaron el problema del astro-fuente-de-vida y sólo el sacrificio de Quetzalcóatl puso en movimiento al Sol y salvó al mundo del incendio sagrado.

Hoy en el 2010, esta inconmensurable Ciudad de los dioses, la más antigua de Mesoamérica, cumple 100 años de haber sido abierta al público. Declarada Patrimonio Cultural de la Humanidad por la UNESCO en 1987,  Teotihuacan sigue representando a los mexicanos y es pieza clave para entender que nuestra historia no se ha desarrollado en un espacio estanco, que nuestra cultura va más allá de la globalización, es decir, transculturación, que vivimos actualmente.

Teotihuacan, sexta ciudad más grande del  mundo después de Constantinopla y Alejandría, alcanzó en su apogeo entre los años 250 y 500 d.C. una población cercana a los 150 000 habitantes. Actualmente, abarca dos kilómetros cuadrados; sin embargo, especialistas creen que la urbe llegó a tener una extensión de 20 kilómetros.

El 13 de septiembre de 1910 fue la fecha en la que el presidente Porfirio Díaz abrió las puertas al público, como festejo del centenario de la Independencia de México. En este año se cumplen 100 años de que esta zona arqueológica recibe en su seno a compatriotas y extranjeros, superando por encima a sitios como Chichén-Itzá o Monte Albán.

Sin embargo, aunque pudiera imaginarse, dada la gran cantidad de monumentos restaurados del sitio, las excavaciones arqueológicas aún continúan, trayendo como consecuencia un paulatino incremento en la calidad y cantidad de conocimiento sobre esta ciudad de la que, por cierto, se desconocen cuestiones tan importantes como su nombre original y la procedencia étnica de sus fundadores.

A comienzos de este milenio y debido a una inundación en las poblaciones cercanas, se descubrió el acceso a un túnel bajo la célebre Ciudadela, a la que según investigadores nadie ha entrado en al menos 1 800 años. Será en este año cuando los arqueólogos puedan por fin ingresar, después de varios trabajos de excavación que han llevado a cabo sin interrupción desde aquel hallazgo. Se cree que dicho túnel pueda conducir a las tumbas todavía ocultas de los antiguos gobernantes de la ciudad cosmopolita.

AM/RL

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