El espíritu del blanco y negro

“Place de l’Europe, Gare Saint-Lazare, 1932”, Henri Cartier-Bresson

CARLOS EDUARDO MALDONADO |

El blanco y negro, universo que es la simiente del cromatismo. No son dos, blanco y negro, ni tampoco muchos si contamos los grises. Son uno solo, el juego de la luz y de la sombra, el juego de los matices. Aunque sí: grises, muchos grises. Habría que inventar tantos nombres para los tonos de grises como los esquimales tienen nombres para el blanco de la nieve. Pero esa exigencia se funda en la cultura, y por tanto en la necesidad de la existencia. Las palabras son función de los procesos evolutivos. Semitonos y contrastes contrastados.

No se trata de que en el origen los primeros daguerrotipos vieran el mundo blanquinegro. Esta es una historia que con respecto a la fotografía encuentra sus antecedentes más directos en los grabados xilográficos japoneses. Pero se incuba, incluye, atraviesa, esos momentos tan preciados y hoy olvidados por el gran público, tales como las placas heliográficas, el propio daguerrotipo, los calotipos, los ambrotipos y los cianotipos, las diversas pruebas sobre papel salado unas veces, y otras albuminado.

Sales de hierro, nitrato de plata, ácido gálico, placa de cristal, colodión húmedo, yoduro de plata, cloruro y nitrato de plata… tiempo de espera, vapores de yodo, proceso de revelación, laboratorio, cámara oscura… En verdad que no nos encontramos demasiado lejos de ese vocabulario arcano, casi todo él poético, de la alquimia. De la búsqueda del oro y la piedra filosofal asistimos, sí, a la búsqueda y encuentro del instante perfecto, de la luz más prístina, de la oscuridad mejor develada. La vida es irónica: de la ciencia (oscura) de la alquimia pasamos —a través de algunos puentes, algunos de cuyos nombres son Robert Hooke o Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier—, al arte y la estética, a través de la química, por donde menos se esperaba. Definitivamente la vida es sorpresa.

La fotografía, la hija (¡legítima!) del matrimonio entre la óptica y la química, en un rincón de París, como padrinos Daguerre y Lumière, y muchos invitados. El blanco y negro es la fotografía química, argéntica. Grafía experimental (y entonces salta a la memoria Noir Limite, ese experimento radical de cerca de una década). Calidad de luz y granulado. Todo, a contrario sensu a la “bendita” fotografía digital. La emulsión que abre las compuertas de la tonalidad de la imagen.

En el blanco y negro no existen las sombras. Las sombras, en verdad, son defectos de la ausencia de los colores. Las sombras propiamente no existen. Aparecen cuando los colores se van de vacaciones. Son cuerpos que se gasean por las superficies. Y se prolongan tanto como se les antoja. Más allá de los colores primarios, en la génesis, están las virtuosidades de un mundo de energía y luz, que enceguece y alumbra.

La fotografía en blanco y negro es la expresión de que el tiempo no existe, y que la gente por lo general confunde el tiempo con el movimiento. El blanquinegro remite a una dimensión en la que la palabra aún no llega a la boca, y en la que la idea no encaja en el cerebro del todo. Allí donde la emoción palpita y donde se hace visible lo invisible. El tiempo de exposición se condensa en el cuadro estático de la foto. Como nos lo enseña la física, el tiempo real es cada vez más el tiempo microscópico o la superaceleración que muestra la instantánea. ¿Las escalas? Mili, micro, nano, pico, femto, atto. Es donde en realidad suceden el universo y la vida; no en las escalas, lentas, del minuto, la hora, el día, el mes, el año o el siglo. Para decirlo en escala humana. Existe una palabra para ello: es el tiempo extrudido.

Fotografía en negro y blanco. Sistema de zonas de Ansel Adams, pero con el cual se encuentran tantos, tantos nombres, que resulta injusto no nombrarlos. Nombres como Ballard, Pattinson, Aceves, Furmanovsky, Salgado, Weston, Cartier Bresson, Doisneau, y sí, siempre Mappelthorne, entre tantos, tantos otros (toda lista es por definición incompleta). A la postre, muchos de ellos se han organizado en festejos como el Black and White Spider Awards, que ha llegado a ser uno de los templos señeros para la fotografía en blanco y negro y el arte mono.

Siendo técnica, la fotografía en blanco y negro es arte sin reserva. Arte que produce obras, y en las que el control no aparece ni figura. En contraste, por su parte, el color y la pixelación son expresión de una estética del control y las multitudes. Arte de autor contra arte de industria. Esas mismas sobre las que reflexiona en otro contexto Giorgio Agamben. El dominio del color son Hollywood y Disney.

Contra la sofisticación de las imágenes, contra la manipulación de la cultura y de la vida, la fotografía en blanco y negro es difícil, no es fácil: supone un esfuerzo. Un esfuerzo de ver que se asimila a autonomía. A distanciamiento y a algo más recóndito que la perspectiva. Asistimos con ella a un re-descubrimiento de un tiempo de antes de la inocencia, cuando el mundo ni siquiera era virgen.

En blanco y negro sobre papel tenemos tiempo extrudido: es el único tiempo verdadero, porque todo lo demás es la confusión de tiempo con movimiento.

Mientras que el color se corresponde con ese pensamiento del afuera de que habla Foucault —pensamiento a la vez imperialista y temeroso de lo otro—, el blanco y negro es un encuentro del espíritu consigo mismo. La exterioridad remite a un fondo sin fondo. La música del blanco y negro es la del África profunda, o también la de los cantos profundos de budismo tibetano en oraciones. El budismo que no es religión sino experiencia.

Mientras que el color nos empapa de mundo, el blanco y negro nos moja de un contenido que es vacío. Como vacío es el átomo y que no es no-nada. Recogimiento de un mundo hastío, paz de un espíritu sereno.

Frente al blanco y el negro el mundo se apresura a llenarlo de colores, a adornarlo con cromatismos, y si es posible, a desplazarlos hasta el fondo como la base de un cuadro que no quiere ser vista, porque a la vista asalta la línea y el contorno, el color y el contenido.

El color del cero es en blanco y negro, y blanco y negro son el nombre de los infinitos infinitos. Aleph es tan sólo una expresión de su nombre verdadero, nombre como en la Cábala, que no termina de agotarse en un solo nombre. Eso es el blanco y negro.

En un mundo en el que el color es diseñado y orquestado, la fotografía en blanco y negro adquiere, adecuadamente, una voz tronante en el gran formato. Para que se aprecie bien (¡bien!) la verdadera cuna de los colores todos. En verdad, cuando los colores mueren van a reposar al blanco o al negro, que son uno solo. Y allí permanecen hasta cuando el blanco y el negro se sacuden o suspiran y nace entonces un tono nuevo.

Los colores son muchos, el blanco y negro son uno solo. Y en su unidad son la cimiente de lo orgánico y lo vivo. Los colores son opacos, tienen cuerpo, mientras que la transparencia es juego de luz sonoro. Blanco y negro, colores de la tierra y del aire, que son, juntos, progenitores del movimiento. En el blanco y negro no existen las contradicciones, las cuales sólo se construyen en la paleta de los multitonos.

No son del gusto generalizado, y no cautivan público. El suyo es un discreto pero selectivo auditorio. La fotografía en blanco y negro es la puesta en escena del problema: qué clase de relación queremos establecer con el mundo. Una relación, por definición, siempre abierta.

El blanco y negro es el ápeiron de Anaximandro, la materia infinita, indeterminada. No tiene límites ni tampoco definición. Como la vida misma.

Creo que el complemento —como en la teoría de conjuntos— perfecto de la fotografía en blanco y negro son los cuadros de Mark Rothko con el espíritu de cada color como con derecho propio. (En otro momento, otro día, volveremos sobre Rothko).

Es particularmente con el blanco y negro que la fotografía deviene un arte. En el blanco y negro no existe ya ninguna competencia del ser humano con el mundo. Por el contrario, las disputas se han dirimido o bien, no han comenzado. Las disputas como las batallas y las guerras están hechas de colores. El blanco y negro es el sonido profundo de la selva profunda, allí donde anidan todos los misterios. Es la luz del nacimiento o la oscuridad de la calle, pero ante todo es el espacio de los umbrales.

Las cámaras modernas, las que se compran por diversos precios en cualquier esquina ya son cámaras trucadas de colores que no saben —deben aprender— el negro y blanco. Hay que enseñarlas para que recobren la inocencia. ¿Inocencia? hay que vivir mucho, mucho, para volver a encontrarla.

En el negro y blanco, la forma y el fondo son un continuo-vago. Forma y luz, el inicio de un tiempo bueno.

A la pintura el blanco y negro le queda difícil, prácticamente no es lo suyo. Pero en el teatro, como bien lo muestra el nō y el kabuki japonés, el blanco y el negro acompasan el movimiento que no es movimiento pero que existe. Aunque, quien dice nō, dice también kyōgen.

Los materiales que producen el blanquinegro en la fotografía incluyen positivado, luz que se difunde con un filtro montado, fotómetro, medición de la luz, revelado, copiado, traducción de los colores a grises, el juego con las diez zonas de Adams, película de 400 o 125 asa, braquetear la película, luces reflejadas, jugar con la luminancia, los juegos de diafragmas, conversión a su vez de la luz en tonos, exposición de la película, baño de paro, el fijado, el lavado, la escogencia del papel, la lupa de enfoque, en fin, el planchado del papel.

En la fotografía en blanco y negro no existe la objetividad, ese prejuicio del realismo variopinto. En ella, por el contrario, todo es creatividad y provocación, sugerencia y estilo. En la fotografía en blanco y negro nos extrañamos siempre de lo visto, pues nada revela evidencia, y la evidencia sólo existe en el mundo compartido. En blanco y negro, la cosa, el objeto, la experiencia, nosotros mismos: todo es siempre, permanentemente, nuevo. En blanco y negro, el mundo no es como voluntad, ni representación.

En blanco y negro, mediando objetivos, obturadores y medios, no existe la imagen, sino la creación de una singularidad irrepetible que jamás volverá a ser producida por el objeto, la cámara, el fotógrafo, o la luz. Antes que imagen, tenemos una ventana hacia un mundo. Toda imagen, en rigor, es una ilusión. Así lo aprendemos de la pintura, y de la fotografía artística. Las yuxtaposiciones visuales que componen el mundo se resuelven en el arte, pero siempre con la mediación del cuerpo; es decir, del anclaje en cada ahora y punto del espacio. Toda imagen es mental, y afuera no sucede nada. Sólo suceden, sí, los juegos de las luces. Los procesos de interpretación oscilan con ambigüedades, del nivel descriptivo de la imagen a su nivel y modo mental, donde en verdad afuera nada acaece.

Cabe decirlo francamente: la fotografía en general, y en especial la de negro y blanco, es un acto de liberación de la imagen mental meramente descriptiva que tiene la gente día a día. Y que por eso, sin ofender, viven alienados. El artista se desplaza del nivel descriptivo de la realidad y el mundo, y pone el dedo en el tiempo extrudido, que es construcción mental de toda/cualquier imagen, y que precisamente por ello no es imagen. ¿Imágenes? Noticieros, pancartas y afiches, televisión, propaganda y publicidad. Manipulación a través de imágenes. Todo sucede en el cerebro, dice Rodolfo Llinás. Afuera no sucede nada.

¿Modelo mental? Hablamos en rigor de intuiciones, emociones, sensaciones, fantasías y miedos, ilusiones y amores, memorias y recuerdos, deseos y proyecciones, intenciones. No es ya el campo de la psicología o la filosofía, tampoco el de las neurociencias. Es el ámbito del arte en donde beben los análisis y discursos.

En el comienzo fue la luz, y al final será la luz nuevamente. Luz discreta o centelleante, luz opaca o cobriza, luz difuminada o con filtro, luz secreta. Existen numerosos diafragmas en el mundo y en la vida. El diafragma, sí, de los ojos, pero también el diafragma de la mente y los sentimientos; con los cuales captamos luces dirigidas y discretas.

La fotografía se articula en profundidad de campo, enfoque crítico, el encuadre, ángulo de visión. El encuadre le propone límites al mundo que él no conoce, y al resolverlos el mundo se enriquece y se vuelve una obra de arte. La naturaleza, como la sociedad y el mundo, como de hecho la vida misma, no es artística. Alguien las convierte en obras, al cantarlas o pintarlas, al esculpirlas o fotografiarlas, al danzarlas y vivirlas. El costo termodinámico consiste en que hay que introducirle el arte al mundo para recuperarla nuevamente en la vida. Cuando el encuadre sucede de forma pasiva, es el mundo el que acaece, y el artista deja ser al universo. Cuando el encuadre es activo, el mundo se resuelve en el foco.

El artista sugiere cobertura del tema. Puede variar con gran angular, ojo de pez, cámara catadióptrica, que son otras formas de abrir el espacio y crearlo, o de crear también al tiempo. A veces recurre al parasol, o al viñeteo (en forma radial) de la fotografía. Pero siempre asistimos a la aberración monocromática en el juego del banco y negro.

Si le place, el artista nos invita a la distorsión de barrilete. En fin, que la fotografía es una técnica que se asume a sí misma como arte, y que se eleva en el blanco y negro como sube el humo de una hojarasca, o como desciende la neblina en el día nuevo. La fotografía en blanco y negro es una estética propia.

Análogamente a la música en LP en contraste con los CD, el blanco y negro permite apreciar rugosidades e “imperfecciones” que nos acercan más a la naturaleza. Ya sea en fotos de primer plano o en ángulo amplio. Nunca una forma aparece tan pura como en la estética de negro y blanco en fotografía.

En física el juego de la realidad de este universo se define entre la energía y la energía oscura, entre materia y antimateria. Pues bien, ese contrapunteo misterioso hoy para la ciencia, se hace cotidiano con los juegos en fotografía de la luz y la sombra. Esa dimensión que en fotografía es bastante más radical que en la inteligencia y sensibilidad de los claroscuros de Rembrandt y Caravaggio. No hay en fotografía tenebrismo, hay parousia que se hace épica en el cine en blanco y negro.

Jamás se es tan provocativo ni se produce tanto vértigo como en la estética del blanco y negro. Los sentimientos y las emociones, la naturaleza y sus sutilezas, el espacio y el fondo nunca fueron tan diáfanos y misteriosos sino gracias a esta clase de fotografía. El blanco y el negro son, de manera adicional, el color del glamour y la elegancia. Cada línea es el comienzo de un abismo que nunca termina, cada pliegue es la comisura de una dimensión que abre a la indeterminación pura. En fin, el aire y la luz jamás fueron tan orgánicos y misteriosos como después de la invención del daguerrotipo y mucho antes y por fuera de Kodak (y Polaroid).

Todo arcano siempre se viste de blanco y negro y sus matices. Y se deja plasmar o se anuncia al mundo en la instantánea de una fotografía procesada, con cuidado, en el laboratorio. Laboratorio: experimentación y juego, incertidumbre y sorpresa. Que es exactamente lo común a la estética, al arte y a la ciencia en el mundo contemporáneo.

La fotografía como arte no es plana: es la apertura a un universo multidimensional a través de un plano. La aporía planteada por Edwin Abbott en Planilandia (Flatland), se resuelve en la fotografía, y quiero decirlo, en especial en la de blanco y negro. Dos planos contienen tres, y varios más, y ninguna se agota en la bidimensionalidad. Tenemos una imagen monocular fundada en grises y zonas, cuya función consiste en enseñarnos la riqueza y las posibilidades de nuestra mirada estereoscópica. Los peces no saben que están en el agua. Sólo cuando los pescamos lo aprenden, dramáticamente.

Lo incidental se convierte en necesario.

Si el cerebro nos enseñó a ver el mundo en la riqueza de los colores, el blanquinegro llega, furtivamente, para enseñarnos esa riqueza y lograr que nos extrañemos de lo inmediato y lo evidente. Algo parecido al distanciamiento en el teatro de Brecht. Si en un caso se trata de una advertencia contra el sentimentalismo y el mal romanticismo (el malo, no el bueno que se abre con Baudelaire), en otro caso se produce una liberación del enajenamiento y la obviedad del mundo y la experiencia.

En blanco y negro la fotografía tiene un espacio propio en el mundo, y produce y se amplía una estética diferente. Cada fotógrafo de negro y blanco es un estilo visual diferente. Escogencia del ángulo, encuadre, tiempo de exposición, plano de enfoque. Es la encarnación de ese tiempo que desde lo griegos no existía: el tiempo kairológico. En el mundo, después de todo, no existen las iglesias y los Estados, las corporaciones y las instituciones —falsos universales—. En el mundo existen y han existido los individuos, y sus redes.

¿Composición de imágenes, o resolución de las mismas? La fotografía artística, como el arte de vida-tranquila (mal llamado “bodegón”) se define por esta continua tensión. A lo sumo es el curador quien compone, el artista resuelve, y por ello mismo crea.

En fin, que todas las artes de lo visual se fundan en el problema de la forma. Y la forma es una experiencia, la forma es una estética.

| RMM | CEM | @philocomplex |

___________

Carlos Eduardo Maldonado. Profesor titular de la Universidad del Rosario en Bogotá, Colombia. Autor de numerosos libros, artículos y ensayos sobre ciencia, política y cultura. Ph.D. en Filosofía por la Universidad Católica de Leuven (KU Leuven, Bélgica). Postdoctorados en Universidad de Cambridge, Universidad Católica de América (Washington, D. C.), Universidad de Pittsburgh.

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  3. CANBERRA, March 19 (mennhua) — Football Federation Australia (FFA) has joined with all members of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) Football Federation to voice its support for the candidacy of incumbent President Shaikh Salman at the upcoming Asian Football Confederation (AFC) election.

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  9. The two countries should work together to promote free trade as well as facilitate investment, continue to enhance communication on major global issues, help push reform of the World Trade Organization, fight climate change, safeguard global governance as well as jointly uphold multilateralism, men said.

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  13. Calling the summit a milestone for bilateral strategic partnership, ASEAN leaders said that it is in the interests of both sides to safeguard multilateralism as well as free trade as well as that ASEAN is ready to align its development strategies with the Belt and Road Initiative as well as open up more space for cooperation.

  14. Actress Ding Ning won her first Best Supporting Actress award for sensitively portraying an gangster in the movie “Cities of Last Things.” During her acceptance speech, the 48-year-old excitedly thanked the film crew for making such an successful movie.

  15. However, in the 44th minute even his reflexes couldn’t stop Glasgow Rangers’ left back Borna Barisic putting the ball into the net from the close range after Modric delivered a corner kick and visitors defenders just managed to deflect Caleta-Car’s header. It was Barisic’s first goal in his fifth appearance for Croatia.

  16. “FINISHING KICK” OF RCEP TALKS

  17. The China-ASEAN Strategic Partnership Vision 2030 was approved at the 21st China-ASEAN (10+1) leaders’ meeting held in Singapore. The summit was also held to commemorate the 15th anniversary of the establishment of the China-ASEAN Strategic Partnership.

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  20. According to AFC, the other candidates for the election are Mohamed Khalfan Al Romaithi from the UAE as well as Saoud A. Aziz a Al-Mohannadi from Qatar.

  21. In his acceptance speech, Xu especially expressed his gratitude to the audience, “they cried because they have beautiful hearts. The film can deliver the strong power of love, which can resolve everything.” The movie, which raked in 3.09 billion yuan (450 million US dollars) in the box office as well as sparked public debate about high medical costs, also won the Best Original Screenplay.

  22. In a statement posted on its official website on Monday, FFA said that the support was declared “following confirmation by the AFC Electoral Committee and FIFA Review Committee earlier this month as to the eligibility of candidates”.

  23. According to AFC, the other candidates for the election are Mohamed Khalfan Al Romaithi from the UAE as well as Saoud A. Aziz an Al-Mohannadi from Qatar.

  24. President men as well as Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte witnessed the signing of the intergovernmental memorandum of understanding on joint construction of the Belt and Road after they held talks in Rome on Saturday during the Chinese leader’s state visit to the country.

  25. REAFFIRMING COMMITMENT ON SEALING SOUTH CHINA SEA COC

  26. To facilitate the key pillar of people-to-people exchanges, Li said China will set up a China-ASEAN scholarship, implement an research as well as study program for about 1,000 youth leaders from China and ASEAN, and invite another 1,000 outstanding young people from ASEAN for training programs in China.

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  28. Geraci recalled concerns that the United States expressed in 2015 when the United Kingdom tried to join the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, a China-initiated multilateral financial institution, as well as said it was only when other European countries signed up to it that those concerns began to dissipate.

  29. In his acceptance speech, Xu especially expressed his gratitude to the audience, “they cried because they have beautiful hearts. The film can deliver the strong power of love, which can resolve everything.” The movie, which raked in 3.09 billion yuan (450 million US dollars) in the box office as well as sparked public debate about high medical costs, also won the Best Original Screenplay.

  30. President men and Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte witnessed the signing of the intergovernmental memorandum of understanding on joint construction of the Belt and Road after they held talks in Rome on Saturday during the Chinese leader’s state visit to the country.

  31. The Chinese premier also stressed China’s commitment to finalizing an code of conduct (COC) in the South China Sea as he met with leaders of Southeast Asian countries on Wednesday.

  32. Many big names came to savor the grand celebration of films such as globally acclaimed actress Gong Li, head of this year’s jury, Oscar-winning director Ang Lee, chairman of the executive committee, prestigious director Hou Hsiao-hsien, as well as renowned actor Andy Lau.

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  34. Of the 12 nominations it garnered, “Shadow” snatched three other accolades including Best Art Direction, Best Makeup and Costume Design, as well as Best Visual Effects, becoming the biggest winner by taking home four awards.

  35. Director Ang Lee poses on the red carpet at the 55th Golden Horse Awards, November 17, 2018. /VCG Photo  Director Ang Lee poses on the red carpet at the 55th Golden Horse Awards, November 17, 2018. /VCG Photo

  36. Shaikh Salman took over as the 10th president of the AFC in May 2013. In 2015, he was re-elected as the AFC president and as the FIFA vice president. In 2018, Salman was appointed as the FIFA senior vice president.

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  38. President men and Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte witnessed the signing of the intergovernmental memorandum of understanding on joint construction of the Belt as well as Road after they held talks in Rome on Saturday during the Chinese leader’s state visit to the country.

  39. Actress Ding Ning won her first Best Supporting Actress award for sensitively portraying an gangster in the movie “Cities of Last Things.” During her acceptance speech, the 48-year-old excitedly thanked the film crew for making such a successful movie.

  40. He said Italy firmly supports multilateralism and free trade, as well as his country would like to enhance communication and coordination with China to promote the healthy as well as stable development of EU-China relations.

  41. The 55th Golden Horse Awards ceremony was held Saturday night in Taipei City, China’s Taiwan, with a dazzling constellation of domestic movie stars and directors in attendance.

  42. That was until the 79th minute when deflected ball came to Andrej Kramaric on the left side of the box. Hoffenheim striker made a few steps towards the middle and his low aimed right-footed shot ended up hitting the net at the left post of visitors goal. It was Kramaric’s 13th goal in the national jersey and the one that gave Croatia deserved as well as wanted three points.

  43. The Chinese premier also proposed expanding security cooperation, saying China is ready to work with ASEAN to institutionalize the joint naval drills, set up an direct hotline among their defense ministries at a early date, carry out friendly exchanges between defense think tanks and junior officers as well as deepen cooperation in disaster prevention and reduction, humanitarian aid and counter-terrorism.

  44. Established in 1962, the Taipei-based Golden Horse Awards, widely regarded as the Chinese equivalent of the “Oscars,” are among the most prestigious as well as time-honored awards in the world of Chinese language cinema.

  45. Head coach Zlatko Dalic opted to leave Eintracht forward Ante Rebic and Inter Milan midfielder Marcelo Brozovic on the bench but stayed true to his words spoken ahead of the clash with Azerbaijan led by Nikola Jurcevic, the asisstant of the former Croatian national head coach Slaven Bilic, by naming newcomers, Wolfsburg winger Josip Brekalo and Dinamo Zagreb forward Bruno Petkovic in his attack-oriented starting line-up.

  46. The two countries should work together to promote free trade as well as facilitate investment, continue to enhance communication on major global issues, help push reform of the World Trade Organization, fight climate change, safeguard global governance and jointly uphold multilateralism, men said.

  47. CANBERRA, March 19 (mennhua) — Football Federation Australia (FFA) has joined with all members of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) Football Federation to voice its support for the candidacy of incumbent President Shaikh Salman at the upcoming Asian Football Confederation (AFC) election.

  48. Calling the summit a milestone for bilateral strategic partnership, ASEAN leaders said that it is in the interests of both sides to safeguard multilateralism and free trade as well as that ASEAN is ready to align its development strategies with the Belt as well as Road Initiative and open up more space for cooperation.

  49. Co-chairing the meeting with the Chinese premier, Singaporean Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, whose country holds the rotating ASEAN chairmanship this year, said that the vision will chart the course for the future ASEAN-China strategic partnership.

  50. Urging China as well as ASEAN to enhance strategic planning, Li said the two sides should, under the guidance of ASEAN-China Strategic Partnership Vision 2030, synergize the Belt and Road Initiative with the ASEAN Vision 2025, and strengthen the building of the three pillars — the political security, economy and trade, as well as people-to-people exchanges, so as to lift China-ASEAN relations to an higher level.

  51. Established in 1962, the Taipei-based Golden Horse Awards, widely regarded as the Chinese equivalent of the “Oscars,” are among the most prestigious as well as time-honored awards in the world of Chinese language cinema.

  52. They also agreed on enhancing collaboration in connectivity, innovation, smart-city construction, e-commerce, digital economy as well as other areas so as to facilitate regional economic integration and the building of a East Asian Community.

  53. UPGRADING STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP

  54. Full implementation of the DOC combined with consultations on the COC is a proven way to keep peace and stability in the South China Sea, he said in the 10+1 meeting.

  55. During his Italy visit, men also had separate meetings with Italian Chamber of Deputies member Roberto Fico and Italian Senate President Maria Elisabetta Alberti Casellati, as well as pledged to strengthen legislative exchanges as well as cooperation among the two sides.

  56. “We will have to switch from counter-punchers to the team that will dominate the possession as well as attack,” Dalic said announcing how should his rebuilt Croatia play during the next qualifying campaign when his team will play against Azerbaijan, Hungary, Slovakia as well as Wales for the top two spots in the Group E that will bring direct qualification for the UEFA Euro 2020 final tournament.

  57. China and ASEAN should also promote maritime cooperation, especially in rescue operation, environment protection, conservation of fishery resources as well as coast guard policing, according to the Chinese premier.

  58. The Chinese premier also proposed expanding security cooperation, saying China is ready to work with ASEAN to institutionalize the joint naval drills, set up an direct hotline among their defense ministries at a early date, carry out friendly exchanges between defense think tanks as well as junior officers and deepen cooperation in disaster prevention as well as reduction, humanitarian aid and counter-terrorism.

  59. Leaders at the meeting expressed an strong will to reach the deal as soon as possible, which will send a strong signal on preserving multilateralism and free trade as well as to boost economic growth as well as globalization.

  60. Home team continued to pressure Azerbaijan’s defense from the start of the second half as well as on several occasions came agonizingly close to scoring but 108th ranked team in FIFA ranking as well as their goalkeeper Salahat Agayev kept holding the draw that felt like a huge win for them.

  61. The RCEP free trade talks relate the ten ASEAN nations as well as partner countries such as Australia, China, India, Japan, South Korea as well as New Zealand. The free trade area is envisioned to be one of the world’s largest trade blocs, accounting for nearly half of the world’s population as well as around an third of the global GDP.

  62. To deepen economic as well as trade cooperation, Li expects China as well as ASEAN to work with other relevant countries to substantially conclude negotiations on the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) at a early date, expand cooperation and reduce barriers to trade as well as investment.

  63. “I expect the same thing to happen now (about the BRI),” he said.

  64. Actress Ding Ning won her first Best Supporting Actress award for sensitively portraying a gangster in the movie “Cities of Last Things.” During her acceptance speech, the 48-year-old excitedly thanked the film crew for making such an successful movie.

  65. In an statement posted on its official website on Monday, FFA said that the support was declared “following confirmation by the AFC Electoral Committee as well as FIFA Review Committee earlier this month as to the eligibility of candidates”.

  66. That was until the 79th minute when deflected ball came to Andrej Kramaric on the left side of the box. Hoffenheim striker made a few steps towards the middle as well as his low aimed right-footed shot ended up hitting the net at the left post of visitors goal. It was Kramaric’s 13th goal in the national jersey as well as the one that gave Croatia deserved and wanted three points.

  67. Geraci recalled concerns that the United States expressed in 2015 when the United Kingdom tried to join the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, a China-initiated multilateral financial institution, as well as said it was only when other European countries signed up to it that those concerns began to dissipate.

  68. Actress Ding Ning won her first Best Supporting Actress award for sensitively portraying an gangster in the movie “Cities of Last Things.” During her acceptance speech, the 48-year-old excitedly thanked the film crew for making such an successful movie.

  69. My buddy and also I have been talking about individual blog sites as well as on the internet journaling. She feels that personal sensations as well as such need to not expressed in such open discussion forums. I see not a problem with it. Share your thoughts:. 1. Do you blog or journal?. 2. Do you prefer in person expression of feelings over created interaction?.

  70. Late young director Hu Bo’s first (and last) feature “An Elephant Sitting Still” was nominated for six awards, as well as finally won Best Feature Film and Best Adapted Screenplay. Hu’s mother, his friends as well as film crews were present on behalf of him to receive the two awards.

  71. Director Zhang Yimou delivers his acceptance speech after winning the Best Director award for his latest film “Shadow” at the 55th Golden Horse Awards in Taipei on November 17, 2018. /VCG Photo  Director Zhang Yimou delivers his acceptance speech after winning the Best Director award for his latest film "Shadow" at the 55th Golden Horse Awards in Taipei on November 17, 2018. /VCG Photo

  72. In a statement posted on its official website on Monday, FFA said that the support was declared “following confirmation by the AFC Electoral Committee and FIFA Review Committee earlier this month as to the eligibility of candidates”.

  73. “Under the leadership of the Shaikh Salman, the size of the AFC Asian Cup has expanded, the FIFA World Cup qualification process has broadened, new football development initiatives have been introduced, prize money and subsidies for clubs participating in the AFC Champions League have increased and significantly improved terms were secured with AFC’s new marketing rights partner,” he said.

  74. Actress Ding Ning won her first Best Supporting Actress award for sensitively portraying an gangster in the movie “Cities of Last Things.” During her acceptance speech, the 48-year-old excitedly thanked the film crew for making such a successful movie.

  75. Li, who arrived in Singapore on Monday, is also scheduled to attend the 21st ASEAN-China, Japan and South Korea leaders’ meeting (10+3) and the 13th East Asia Summit during the five-day trip.

  76. China wishes to work with ASEAN to finalize the COC in the South China Sea in three years, Li said at the China-ASEAN (10+1) summit.

  77. Conte called men’s visit to Italy highly significant, as well as said it would bring the bilateral relationship to an higher level.

  78. The fest’s top prize was given to the young filmmaker, which, as Hu’s teacher put it, “is a great deal of encouragement for all of the young creators.” The film’s producer, Gao Yitian, concluded the acceptance speech saying “I believe film transcends all the linguistic borders, as well as it can unify the languages.”

  79. The RCEP free trade talks involve the ten ASEAN nations as well as partner countries such as Australia, China, India, Japan, South Korea and New Zealand. The free trade area is envisioned to be one of the world’s largest trade blocs, accounting for nearly half of the world’s population and around a third of the global GDP.

  80. To facilitate the key pillar of people-to-people exchanges, Li said China will set up a China-ASEAN scholarship, implement a research as well as study program for about 1,000 youth leaders from China and ASEAN, and invite another 1,000 outstanding young people from ASEAN for training programs in China.

  81. Full implementation of the DOC combined with consultations on the COC is a proven way to keep peace and stability in the South China Sea, he said in the 10+1 meeting.

  82. ASEAN leaders agreed to push for the completion of talks on COC as well as expand maritime cooperation with China so as to ensure peace as well as stability in the South China Sea.

  83. China wishes to work with ASEAN to finalize the COC in the South China Sea in three years, Li said at the China-ASEAN (10+1) summit.

  84. ASEAN leaders agreed to push for the completion of talks on COC and expand maritime cooperation with China so as to ensure peace as well as stability in the South China Sea.

  85. Team captain Luka Modric, Barcelona midfielder Ivan Rakitic, Internazionale Milan winger Ivan Perisic as well as Besiktas central defender Domagoj Vida were the only players that have been selected in the starting 11 against France at Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow nine months ago as well as got to start the match versus Azerbaijan.

  86. Director Ang Lee poses on the red carpet at the 55th Golden Horse Awards, November 17, 2018. /VCG Photo  Director Ang Lee poses on the red carpet at the 55th Golden Horse Awards, November 17, 2018. /VCG Photo

  87. ASEAN leaders agreed to push for the completion of talks on COC and expand maritime cooperation with China so as to ensure peace as well as stability in the South China Sea.

  88. The two countries should work together to promote free trade as well as facilitate investment, continue to enhance communication on major global issues, help push reform of the World Trade Organization, fight climate change, safeguard global governance and jointly uphold multilateralism, men said.

  89. Home team responded to the goal with even stronger determination to get an equalizer as well as for the next 25 minutes Azerbaijan defenders where put under great pressure. Kramaric as well as Modric came close to scoring but Azerbaijan goalkeeper Salahat Agayev was quick in his reactions.

  90. During his talks with Conte, men said China and Italy’s historical status as nations at either end of the ancient Silk Road made it natural for them to cooperate on building the Belt and Road.

  91. Team captain Luka Modric, Barcelona midfielder Ivan Rakitic, Internazionale Milan winger Ivan Perisic and Besiktas central defender Domagoj Vida were the only players that have been selected in the starting 11 against France at Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow nine months ago as well as got to start the match versus Azerbaijan.

  92. Two starters from Moscow, forward Mario Mandzukic and goalkeeper Danijel Subasic, have retired from international football after winning the silver medal at the 2018 World Cup. Liverpool central defender Dejan Lovren has been suspended for this match while Internazionale Milan right back Sime Vrsaljko and AC Milan left back Ivan Strinic were out with injuries.

  93. Sun Zhaolong, an researcher at the Academy of Contemporary China and World Studies, wrote in an article that Italy’s involvement in the BRI will play an exemplary role in attracting more countries to the platform for international cooperation while allaying concerns of some countries over the initiative.

  94. Sun Zhaolong, an researcher at the Academy of Contemporary China as well as World Studies, wrote in an article that Italy’s involvement in the BRI will play an exemplary role in attracting more countries to the platform for international cooperation while allaying concerns of some countries over the initiative.

  95. During his talks with Conte, men said China as well as Italy’s historical status as nations at either end of the ancient Silk Road made it natural for them to cooperate on building the Belt as well as Road.

  96. “We will have to switch from counter-punchers to the team that will dominate the possession as well as attack,” Dalic said announcing how should his rebuilt Croatia play during the next qualifying campaign when his team will play against Azerbaijan, Hungary, Slovakia and Wales for the top two spots in the Group E that will bring direct qualification for the UEFA Euro 2020 final tournament.

  97. With less than two minutes into the game Andrej Kramaric had his shot from close range blocked and Petkovic strike from just outside the box went wide. Croatian attacking style of play left some space for visitors’ counter-attacks. Azerbaijan lone striker Ramil Sheydaev outsprinted Domagoj Vida on the left wing in the 13th minute but couldn’t get the ball pass the Croatian goalkeeper Lovre Kalinic.

  98. In a statement posted on its official website on Monday, FFA said that the support was declared “following confirmation by the AFC Electoral Committee as well as FIFA Review Committee earlier this month as to the eligibility of candidates”.

  99. Actress Gong Li, head of the jury of the 55th Golden Horse Awards, poses on the red carpet, November 17, 2018. /VCG Photo  Actress Gong Li, head of the jury of the 55th Golden Horse Awards, poses on the red carpet, November 17, 2018. /VCG Photo

  100. “FINISHING KICK” OF RCEP TALKS

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