El intelectual íntegro

PABLO RAMÍREZ |

Germán Dehesa murió el 2 de septiembre de 2010 y quienes éramos asiduos lectores de La Gaceta del Ángel, columna que publicó (casi) a diario durante 15 años en Reforma (y antes, en Novedades), nos quedamos sin esa primera lectura del día, que con los años se convirtió en una referencia para pensar sobre diversos temas de interés público, pero también sobre la cotidianeidad misma y sobre la forma de transitar por esto que, pomposamente, llamamos vida.

Sería una exageración pretenciosa y sensiblera decir que dejó un vacío, pero tal vez sí permaneció la sensación de que su obra quedó desperdigada en su labor periodística, lo que la hace inasible; vamos, que nos hacía falta algo, un libro, con lo que pudiéramos conservar, de forma más permanente y tangible, un poco de eso que compartió diariamente con sus lectores. Un volumen en el que pudiéramos encontrar el centro, la esencia de su pensamiento, al menos respecto de algún tema en particular, ya sea la literatura, la política o cualquier otro del que pudiera haber escrito.

Sin embargo, es posible que esa sensación se deba, justamente, a que no hubo nunca un centro o un tema predominante en sus reflexiones. En La Gaceta… su pensamiento iba y venía de un lado al otro, del análisis político duro y sarcástico, a la recomendación literaria, pasando por el activismo social y la mera descarga poética, siempre salpicado de los detalles mínimos de la vida cotidiana y del disfrute de estar aquí y ahora. Pero siempre con congruencia y manteniendo una distancia crítica para pensar con un poco de independencia.

Cuaderno de apuntes (INBA, 2011) es un primer intento, espero que vengan más, por compendiar la obra de Dehesa, a través de diez textos que buscan ser representativos y demostrativos de la globalidad de su pensamiento. Si bien los textos son desiguales en cuanto a extensión, profundidad e intensidad intelectual, ello no es un defecto, sino que honran la forma en que el autor abordó sus intereses a lo largo de su vida intelectual. Por el contrario, tiene la gran virtud de que satisfacen la curiosidad del lector de La Gaceta…, respecto a qué habría más allá de dichos artículos, qué más habría en esa inteligencia que, por razones diversas, nos motivó por tantos años, a reflexionar cada mañana.

El primer texto es la recuperación de sus apuntes de clase, sobre una larga disertación alrededor de la obra temprana de Mario Vargas Llosa, de la cual desvela los mecanismos de la ficción que la sustentan. Pero además, Don Germán desarrolla una amplia teoría de cómo La ciudad y los perros, La casa verde y Conversación en La Catedral se nutren y explican la realidad latinoamericana; de cómo los personajes, sus conflictos y sus entornos, políticos y sociales, son similares con los de cualquier otro país del continente. Vemos aquí al Dehesa más serio y académico, empleando un rigor en el análisis que le permite asomarse a los entretelones de un texto literario en específico.

El segundo texto es un recuerdo muy personal de Rosario Castellanos y de la época en que Germán fue su alumno. El autor se rememora como pupilo, para reconocer y agradecer a su profesora por las herramientas que le proporcionó; todo autor le debe agradecimiento a quienes les proporcionaron los instrumentos de su oficio. Sin embargo, la remembranza no se queda en un personaje que recuerda, sino que Dehesa es capaz de recrear los años sesenta en la Facultad de Filosofía y Letras. Admite que no le era posible hablar de su profesora sin hablar de sí mismo, ni resistió la tentación de hacerlo. Vemos, leemos, al catedrático que reconoce la marca que dejó en él uno de sus antiguos maestros.

Los siguientes cuatro textos están dedicados a la escritura, en sí misma y por sí misma; en específico a la poesía, el gran deleite literario de don Germán. Una oda a Borges, porque sí; una remembranza de Bernal Díaz del Castillo y sus razones para escribir su conocida obra; una invitación a la poesía, a pesar de su incapacidad para transmitir las sensaciones en toda su intensidad; y un examen, autoexamen, sobre el oficio del escritor y la necesidad de no dejar ni una palabra al azar, sino de escoger ésa exacta que genera la mayor musicalidad en el texto. Todo escritor debe ser crítico y autocrítico con su oficio, con sus herramientas y sus procedimientos, sólo así se superará a sí mismo. Para ello, se vale de lo aprendido como alumno y lo perfeccionado como profesor.

Finalmente cuatro artículos publicados en Novedades, ya bajo el nombre de La Gaceta del Ángel, mismos que van descendiendo en solemnidad. Primero reseña un libro de Fernando Garibay, pero hablando más del autor que de la obra. El segundo es una reflexión sobre la compatibilidad entre las leyes que impone el Estado y las leyes que están en la conciencia de los hombres; a partir de la tragedia de Antígona. Siguiendo con un texto que, ante la falta de inspiración, tiempo o ganas, estaba destinado a ser un maquinazo; para evitarlo, evocó una anécdota de Carlos Monsiváis… sobre el maquinazo. Por último, una breve crónica sobre un domingo familiar, ya puesto en el tono más íntimo, cotidiano, gozoso y ligero, pero sin dejar pasar la oportunidad de reflexionar sobre la necesidad de conservar el buen humor, bien de primera necesidad, pero menospreciado por los cánones intelectuales.

Con esta salpicada de diez textos, conocemos al intelectual que domina sus herramientas metodológicas, para mostrar su vasta cultura. Pero también al hombre que sabe que, fuera de las aulas y los textos, esos instrumentos y esos alardes de conocimientos, son mera pedantería si no son empleados para hacer la realidad cotidiana más plena y llevadera, para fomentar a los amigos y disfrutar a la familia y otros seres queridos. Su gran virtud como intelectual es que tenía un pie en la vida y otro en la literatura, o bien se plantaba en una con los dos pies y luego regresaba con ambos a la otra. Lo leído enriquecía su vida, lo vivido complementaba su lectura.

Una vez que han pasado varios meses desde que no se publica La Gaceta… y después de leer el Cuaderno de apuntes, llegué a la conclusión de que la gran lección que nos dejó don Germán Dehesa, predicada con el ejemplo, es que las personas somos seres complejos y que para desarrollarnos íntegramente, hay que cultivar todas nuestras dimensiones y tratar que unas alimenten a, y se alimenten de, las otras. Creo que sólo así llegaremos a ser, como él lo fue, personas sensatas que piensen, hablen y opinen, con el sentido común como faro de orientación. Entre la sangre que salpica las primeras planas y el amarillismo con el que se editorializan los acontecimientos, estamos en una época en la que la estridencia domina el espacio público. Hoy más que nunca, se extraña una voz sensata como la de don Germán.

| RMM | PR |

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