“El ruido de las cosas al caer”, fragilidad perpetua

portada-ruido-cosas-caer_medium

Este hombre no ha sido siempre este hombre;

este hombre era otro hombre antes

Pocas novelas resultan tan desoladoras. No es sentimentalista ni romántica; mucho  menos una historia sencilla. La complejidad de El ruido de las cosas al caer de Juan Gabriel Vásquez (Premio  Alfaguara 2011) trae consigo una atmósfera de obsesión, dolor, angustia y soledad.  ¿Cuán insensible puede ser un hombre cuando se resigna a vivir la miseria?

La historia se desenvuelve en diferentes épocas de Colombia: los años setentas, durante  los conatos socialistas en Latinoamérica; los ochentas del apogeo del imperio del  narcotráfico; y los años noventas, donde décadas de un pasado acribillado encuentran  un punto de reunión y entretejen una madeja de conflictos existenciales para los  colombianos.

Antonio Yammara es un profesor que vacila entre los 40 y 50 años. Está casado y con una hija, a las que descuida por su temperamento frío y su presencia ausente. Experimenta una serie de infortunios que lo dejan en el desamparo, la desolación y el abandono. Se pregunta todo el tiempo: Cómo hacer para no tener miedo, o para tener una dosis razonable de miedo, la que atiende todo el mundo. Cómo se hace para seguir adelante, Antonio.

Vive obsesionado por la historia de Ricardo Laverde, un piloto retirado que apenas conoce a raíz de sus tardes en el billar. Su inquietud aumenta tras el asesinato del que, poco después sabrá, fue uno de los principales distribuidores de droga  del narcotraficante Pablo Escobar.

En un giro vertiginoso, la novela comienza a narrar cómo Yammara abandona su vida y se entrega a su obsesión: se muda temporalmente a la casa de Maya, hija de Laverde, y descubre junto con ella la historia de amor entre Ricardo y Elena a través de cartas, fotos y memorias. Yammara no sólo logra comprender la causa de su obsesión, sino también lo frágil de su propia existencia.

Juan Gabriel Vásquez retrata Colombia con la acidez de su experiencia. Vivió en las décadas quizás más complicadas para todos los colombianos, justo aquellas donde la inseguridad se arrinconaba en cada hueco y el caos invadía la política, la economía y deprimió a la sociedad. Por eso habla de Pablo Escobar, uno de los capos más buscados durante los ochentas; tal vez por eso su novela se torna inexacta en sus propósitos. ¿Habrá algo exacto en donde reina la incertidumbre?

El ruido de las cosas al caer es protagonizada por Colombia. Su gente, su historia, sus enfermedades. Es la novela que aborda sin suavidad, pero con una prosa impecable, las memorias de un personaje no ficticio, porque al final de cuentas radica en la vida real de millones de colombianos. Puede ser complemento de La virgen de los sicarios y funcionar, al mismo tiempo, como explicación de un Macondo después de sus cien años de soledad. Tanto Fernando Vallejo como Gabriel García Márquez no dudarían en reconocer el aporte de Juan Gabriel Vásquez.

Los brincos temporales de la trama no son fortuitos. Así como existen momentos de maravilloso asenso narrativo, también aparecen caídas repentinas. Esa sensación de incertidumbre y vértigo es el eje temático de la novela: las cosas al caer. Todo termina por derrumbarse, desaparece. Nada puede sostenerse, no existe solidez alguna, todo es frágil.  Ni el amor ni la vida son para siempre. De eso hemos huído: somos todos escapados. ¿Quedará esperanza alguna para emprender un nuevo vuelo?

99 Comments

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    Una novela imprescindible de este año. Me encanta el manejo que hace de la situación del narcotráfico en Colombia, porque coincido contigo: es el miedo lo que paraliza a la ciudadanía, y lo mismo estamos pasando en México. Muy buen artículo, creo que usted logra obtener el sentido de la novela más allá de lo evidente.

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