El Salón de la Plástica Mexicana:cuna posrevolucionaria del arte

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(Mex)A más de 60 años de la fundación del Salón de la Plástica Mexicana (SPM), el investigador Alberto Híjar mantiene “pocas esperanzas” de que lo fue la primera Galería de Artes Libres del INBA y centro de crítica y discusión del arte nacional, recupere sus “poder de agitación, combatividad, propaganda y discusión cultural”.

Cabe recordar que de ser un proyecto de galerías libres, el Salón “se convirtió en un centro de discusión, a veces muy ácidas entre los propios artistas, por participar en exposiciones de homenaje o de protesta de situaciones sociopolíticas importantes que se daban en el mundo. Era también un lugar para la difusión de los artistas mexicanos, como comenta Raquel Tibol,* “A mediados de 1949 los periódicos anunciaban la inminente apertura del Salón de la Plástica Mexicana para beneficiar, por medio de la venta de sus obras, a los artistas mexicanos”.

Sin embargo para Híjar el Salón ha ido perdiendo su capacidad crítica “ en la medida en que muerieron personajes como Diego Rivera, Siqueiros, Pablo O’higgins, Alfredo Salce, José Hernández Delgadillo, Adolfo Quintero, Doctor Atl. Frida Khalo, Fanny Rabel. Las nuevas generaciones están desinteresadas en estos temas, ya que les interesa más la proyección de sus obras. Tal parece que no hay posibilidad alguna de que el Salón recuperé su combatividad”.

El contexto en el que se fundó el SPM fue el de las posguerras mundiales, se comenzaba con la sustitución de importaciones, las industrias yanquis comenzaban a crear la noción de penetración cultural y de intención de apropiación internacional de los recursos naturales. Por ello, el Salón se fundó con “combatientes” de tradición nacionalista antiimperialista que venían de algún movimiento revolucionario, como José Alfaro Sequeiros o integrantes de la segunda generación del Muralismo Mexicano, “que aportaron lo que habían aprendido de la Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR) o del Taller de Gráfica Popular, lo que le dio al Salón una dimensión cultural mucho más allá de la pura Galería de Ventas Libres”.

A pesar de que el SPM ha sido un “foro abierto” a nuevas disciplinas artísticas, géneros y nacionalidades, como el reconocimiento que hizo de la Fotografía como arte visual, con las primeras exposiciones de Nacho López y Manuel Álvarez Bravo; han existido “rupturas y disidencias”, como la que se dio en 1978. Cecilia Santacruz, Coordinadora del SPM, en una entrevistacuenta que “la disidencia se dio porque se fueron  incorporando una serie de artistas como Vlady o Aceves Navarro, que venían con propuestas que rompían con toda la tradición de la plástica mexicana. Ello dio pie a la fundación del Foro de Arte Contemporáneo; pero finalmente el Salón sigue trabajando de forma ininterrumpida con su más de 400 artistas, incluyendo nuevas propuestas con herramientas electrónicas, el performance, el video, el arte-objeto, etc.”,

Este año en que se celebran el Bicentenario de la Independencia y al Centenario de la Revolución Mexicana, “se resolvió empezar los festejos con la exposición en la Biblioteca de México. ‘In memoria, Fanny Rabel y las Mujeres del Salón de la Plástica Mexicana’; para mostrar seis décadas de trabajo asociado al homenaje a Rabel, artista de origen polaco que falleció el año pasado; la cual que fue una de nuestras pintoras fundadoras, discípula de Rivera y Khalo, y una persona interesada en los procesos sociales mexicanos”, aseveró Santacruz.

Actualmente se exhiben en el salón “Abel Jiménez y su aportación al arte suprarrealist” y la colectiva “Equinoccio”, integrada por diez piezas de artistas miembros del SPM.

* Texto de Raquel Tibol publicado en 1974 en el catálogo conmemorativo con motivo de los 25 años del SPM. Homenaje a los Miembros Fundadores.
El Salón de la Plástica Mexicana, se ubica en calle Colima 196, colonia Roma. Horario de visita de lunes a sábado de 10:00 a 18:00 horas y domingos de 10:00 a 14:00 horas. La entrada es libre. Teléfono: 55 25 72 74. El Salón de la Plástica Mexicana ofrece visitas guiadas gratuitas con previa cita.

RL

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