Embriagada de Dios: Concha Urquiza, rescatada del olvido

conchaCiudad de México.- La poetisa mística mexicana más grande desde Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz fue Concha Urquiza, según  palabras de Rosario Castellanos algunas décadas antes de que la michoacana fuera inspiración y referencia para Cesárea Tinajero, la escritora perseguida por los detectives salvajes de Roberto Bolaño y de que fuera rescatada de un olvido parcial por la Feria Internacional del Libro del Palacio de Minería (FILPM) en su edición XXXI, como pieza clave en el programa de actividades presentado por Michoacán como estado invitado.

Margarita León Vega, de la división de Letras Hispánicas de la Facultad de Filosofía y Letras de la UNAM fue la encargada de pronunciar la conferencia Concha Urquiza: La embriaguez de Dios, organizada por la FILPM en coordinación con el Instituto de Investigaciones Filológicas de la máxima casa de estudios. El evento, realizado en la Galería de Rectores del inmueble, lució un lleno entre los que se contaba el Secretario de Cultura de Michoacán, Jaime Hernández Díaz, como otro atento escucha al relato otorgado sobre los vaivenes en la vida de la escritora.

La poesía de Concha Urquiza es poesía de género, método y forma clásica, de endecasílabo, égloga y soneto en un tiempo literario entregado al modernismo, a lo novísimo y a la punta de lanza en vanguardias europeas, donde “se bailaba tango y fox-trot mientras se hablaba de trastornos, de psique y Agustín Lara tocaba el piano en la incipiente XEW”, señaló la investigadora.

Nació en Morelia el mismo año en que los bandos armados se levantaban contra Porfirio Díaz y a los 11 años publicó su primer poema, leído por los lectores de El Universal  el 20 de Julio de 1922. Sus versos más antiguos conocidos datan de 1921, en los que admiradores contemporáneos (José Rubén Romero, Mauricio Magdaleno, Arqueles Vela) y estudiosos posteriores encuentran ya “ecos de Sor Juana y San Juan de la Cruz.

Durante su vida, escritores mexicanos que la frecuentaban intuyeron parentelas formales y temáticas con los poetas místicos del Siglo de Oro, que la llevan a criticar “a los poetas románticos, decadentes y modernos, a todos los enfants terribles alejados de Dios”. Sería precisamente lo divino una presencia constante en la obra de todas sus etapas, pues se afirma a sí misma como “enamorada de la belleza heroica de Cristo” y se entrega a lo que en verso describió como “hambre del corazón” y “embriaguez del alma”.

El contacto con los círculos líricos de su época la llevaron afiliarse tanto al Partido Comunista Mexicano como a un convento moreliano, renunciando a ambos desilusionada. Del primero, la atrae la mística idealista de los militantes. Del segundo se retira, incapaz de atenerse al aislamiento religioso, una renuncia al mundo que, curiosamente, la aleja de la espiritualidad cultivada cuya conversación Arqueles Vela calificó de “verdaderamente deliciosa”.

Durante una estancia en Nueva York entró en contacto con autores norteamericanos y trabajó en los estudios MGM antes de regresar, en 1936, a matricularse en la Escuela Nacional Preparatoria en San Ildefonso y volver a renunciar, inconforme con la rigidez del plan de estudios. En 1945 muere ahogada en las costas de Baja California junto a un compañero de excursión, lo que dispara especulaciones sobre la naturaleza de su fallecimiento.

La figura de Concha Urquiza vuelve a primer plano al ser rememorada al unísono por el Gobierno de Michoacán y la Feria Internacional del Libro del Palacio de Minería en su edición XXXI con un programa de actividades y homenajes coronados por una escultura de Sergio Peraza, basada en las dos únicas imágenes conservadas del rostro de Urquiza, que estará expuesta al público durante los doce días de duración de la feria librera más antigua del país

RMM/SBH

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