Alexander Fredés: el artista viajero

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Foto: Juliana Wiklund, 2010

(Chile) Alexader Fredés es un artista viajero, Chile, Polonia, Inglaterra, Suecia y Dinamarca, son sólo algunos de los países que han sido testigos de sus creaciones. Su camino de originalidad y de expresión visual, lo han llevado a incursionar en la dirección de arte, la fotografía y la obra gráfica, entre muchas otras propuestas. En entrevista para MilMesetas, Alexander habla de lo que significan ciertas palabras para él.

 Movimiento

 “Arte es para mí una espiral que está siempre en movimiento. No creo que exista un movimiento o una expresión artística que no tenga raíces en alguna parte. Hacer arte es crear conexiones inesperadas o imprevistas entre elementos que de otra manera podrían considerarse incompatibles o, trasladar elementos desde su ambiente originario a un contexto diverso. El arte es una expresión profunda de individualidad y del deseo de comunicar esa manera individual de ver la realidad.

El potencial creativo existe no sólo en las cosas que socialmente se aceptan como bellas sino también, dentro de lo que es considerado desperdicio o renegado. Si se tiene esta capacidad de ver lo que otros no ven y de encontrar nuevas conexiones más la habilidad técnica (no importando cuál) se está apto para crear y probablemente según las circunstancias, de comunicar esas creaciones u obras de arte.”

Imprevisible.

“Durante una clase de artes plásticas en el tiempo de la escuela básica, el profesor no pidió que hiciéramos una reproducción de cualquier obra de arte a elección. Un libro con esculturas de Picasso cayó en mis manos y entre ellas la imagen de un rostro hecho con varillas metálicas que a pesar de no ser más que contornos daba la sensación de  tridimensionalidad. ¡Fascinante! Sólo varas metálicas… sin embargo, un rostro en tres dimensiones.

Copié en ese entonces esta escultura con los materiales que tenía a mano, o sea con alambres e hilos para unirlos. El resultado, inesperado por supuesto, fue del gusto del profesor que sugirió a mi tutora que deberían cambiarme de escuela y enviarme al preparatorio artístico. No era la primera vez que recibía esta clase de atención ya que desde pequeño había demostrado inclinaciones artísticas de diferentes tipos. No fue sin embargo mi momento adecuado, ya que no existían los medios para enviarme a esa escuela especial y todo quedó en nada. Debería esperar cinco años más para tener el primer contacto con la técnica del óleo.

alexander

Grulla, ilustración digital, Alexander Fredés 2010

La primera vez que pinté algo en realidad fue cuando me hice miembro del club de pintura en la escuela secundaria. Allí aprendí a usar la técnica del óleo pintando naturalezas muertas y estudiando la técnica de los grandes pintores, especialmente, los impresionistas. Durante mis años en la universidad fui en forma paralela a una academia privada de arte en la que estuve tres años experimentando con diferentes técnicas y materiales. Allí recibí por primera vez el primer premio en la exposición de estudiantes por mi pintura experimental. Después de ese periodo continué pintando especialmente con óleo sobre tela por varios años hasta que decidí que debería parar ya que no tenía en verdad nada que decir o expresar.

Muchos años después, y ya radicado en Suecia, en 1987 llegó a mis manos mi primera cámara fotográfica que me hizo descubrir una nueva manera de ver las cosas. Descubrí cuán interesante es capturar momentos, hacer retratos de personas, de transmitir un hecho mostrando sólo un “momento congelado”. A fines de los ’80 tuve la oportunidad de mostrar mi trabajo fotográfico en una exposición colectiva en la Casa de la Fotografía (Fotohuset) en Gotemburgo, Suecia.”

 Casualidades.

“Mis primeros contactos con las artes gráficas y la tipografía fueron cuando entré a la Escuela de Publicidad y Medios de Comunicación de la Universidad Técnica del Estado, en Santiago de Chile. En ese entonces no tenía ninguna idea de la conexión entre hechos, formas, colores, líneas ni tampoco del momento en que se vivía. Había crecido en un ambiente protegido, lejos de la realidad. Abrir los ojos y ver, me costó algunos años. Esto, sin embargo nunca ha sido en mi caso una desventaja porque me ha permitido conservar la manera pueril de acercarse al mundo, la curiosidad de lo imprevisto y el- no -sentirme- atado a ninguna regla, grupo ni pertenencia de ningún tipo.

En 1990 entré a la Escuela de Diseño y Artes Aplicadas de la Universidad de Gotemburgo en Suecia (HDK, Göteborgsuniversitetet). Un fantástico nuevo mundo se abrió ante mis ojos. Durante cinco años tuve la oportunidad de conocer y experimentar con todo tipo de técnicas y materiales. Trabajé con todo el espectro de recursos que la escuela ofrecía y no sólo con diseño gráfico sino con diseño integrado, es decir borrando todo tipo de barreras entre las diferentes especialidades. Personalmente, comencé a pintar acuarela por la facilidad de poder andar trayendo los colores conmigo, especialmente en los viajes, y en vez de la cámara fotográfica (tengo varios libros de bosquejos a la acuarela, de esos años).

En 1992 me ofrecieron hacer una exposición en Szczecin, Polonia en que presenté una colección llamada Tonos de la Naturaleza (Shades of Nature). Una serie de acuarelas inspiradas en la naturaleza de la costa oeste de Suecia. Entre los años ‘91-’94 participé en diferentes exhibiciones conjuntas, más que nada con relación a las escuelas en que estaba estudiando. “

 Inspiración

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Foto Alexander Fredés, Roma 2010

“No sigo las tendencias y lo que hago no se parece en general a nada o sea es individual y es esta individualidad, la que caracteriza mi personalidad y mi manera de ver o sentir la realidad. A veces tengo éxito en comunicar mis ideas otras, quedan archivadas en espera de tiempos mejores, tal vez para cuando el espectador esté maduro para ver y entender lo que mira.

Las técnicas digitales y sus expresiones en nuestros entornos inspiran mis trabajos presentes. Me puedo inspirar en lo que me está sucediendo en ese momento, en una conversación, en el encuentro de una persona, en una relación y e los medios de comunicación en general.

Tengo una insaciable curiosidad que me hace pensar en imágenes en todas partes. Si en ese momento tengo una cámara, tomo una fotografía; si no, escribo mis pensamientos para después usarlos en mis creaciones. El material o la técnica que use, no es de ninguna manera decisivo para expresar mis ideas, lo importante es lo que necesito expresar y lo que quiero que los demás vean y capten, con la esperanza de que mi obra les comunique algo.

En los últimos años he estado invitado a participar en varias muestras colectivas, sin embargo, me he visto forzado a rechazar las invitaciones por razones de costos. En el otoño del 2008 participé, sin embargo, en una muestra colectiva en Estocolmo, Suecia, con colegas de la Asociación de Ilustradores Suecos. Debido a que trabajo como Art Director, pensé que lo más representativo para mí en ese entonces era presentar una colección de afiches en que enlacé las técnicas digitales con la fotografía, tipografía y la pintura. Cada afiche está basado en una frase, palabras, textos y de allí las formas y los colores, en otras palabras, presenté ilustraciones.

En los dos últimos años he seguido trabajando con técnicas digitales mezcladas con pintura y otros materiales (telas, hilos metálicos, láminas metálicas, luz) dependiendo de cuál es el pensamiento y texto que me inspiran.”

Alexander L Fredés

Art Director/Graphic Designer (MFA)

email: [email protected]

www. alexanderfredes.com

 

why

Y? (Why?), mixed media, Alexander Fredés 2009

 

AM/RL

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