Evocan lírica del poeta chileno Gonzalo Rojas

GONZALO-ROJAS( Mex, 21/06) A dos meses de su partida, el Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes ofreció un homenaje póstumo al reconocido poeta chileno Gonzalo Rojas con una lectura pública de su obra en las inmediaciones de la librería Octavio Paz del Fondo de Cultura Económica al sur de la ciudad.

Adolfo Castañón, Alicia García Bergua, Antonio Deltoro, Claudia Posas, David Medina, Eduardo Vázquez, Ernesto Lumbreras, Minerva Margarita Villareal y Jorge Fernández Granados, entre otras personalidades de la vida cultural mexicana, ofrecieron sus voces a la audiencia como préstamo a la poderosa lírica vanguardista de uno de los autores latinoamericanos más importantes del siglo pasado.

Así, poemas como “El dinero”, “A qué mentirnos”, “El fornicio”, “Carta para volvernos a ver”, “La piedra”, “Carbón”, “Cama con espejos”, “Los días van tan rápido”, o el poderoso “Poema al silencio”, fueron entonados con sentida melancolía en recuerdo del poeta que permanece a pesar de haberse marchado.

A decir de Minerva Margarita Villareal, Rojas era un poeta que mereció el Premio Nobel de Literatura: “Rojas fue una realidad en expansión, una gran apertura en el plano del erotismo, de la intimidad más honda del ser humano, Gonzalo no tenía ningún plano vedado, era un ser en expansión que usó la pluma seminalmente”.

En entrevista para MilMesetas, la poeta merecedora del Premio Internacional de Poesía Jaime Sabines 1994 encuentra en Rojas el ejemplo máximo de aquél dicho de Octavio Paz, cuando afirmaba que la poesía es la “erótica verbal”: “Gonzalo Rojas es un poeta que mereció el Premio Nobel, es un poeta mayor en nuestra lengua, un poeta único”.

Gonzalo Rojas, amante de las letras

Gonzalo Rojas nació en la comuna de Lebu, a un costado del océano pacífico, el 20 de diciembre de 1917. Hijo de un técnico carbonífero, Rojas estudió derecho y pedagogía en la Universidad de Chile, publicó sus primeros poemas hacia 1936 en el periódico El Tarapacá y posteriormente se incorporó a las minas de Atacama donde se dedicó a la enseñanza de las letras entre los trabajadores.

Colaboró como Consejero Cultural en China durante el régimen de Salvador Allende y tras el golpe militar del 11 de septiembre de 1973 se exilió en la República Democrática Alemana, Venezuela y Estados Unidos hasta 1994 cuando obtuvo la beca Guggenheim y regresó a Chile para residir en Chillán, la tierra natal de su esposa Hilda May, hasta sus últimos días.

Rojas, poseedor de una voz única en la lírica erótica latinoamericana, fue galardonado con el Premio Reina Sofía de Poesía Iberoamericana, el Premio Nacional de Literatura de Chile, el Premio Octavio Paz de Poesía y Ensayo, el Premio José Hernández y el Premio Cervantes de Literatura.

Entre sus poemarios se encuentran Contra la muerte (1964), Del relámpago (1981), Las hermosas: poesías de amor (1992), Río turbio (1996), 80 veces nadie (1997), Metamorfosis de lo mismo (2000) y Requiem de la mariposa (2001), entre muchos otros que forjó durante más de sesenta años de producción poética.

Gonzalo Rojas falleció la madrugada del pasado 25 de abril en un nosocomio de Santiago a la edad de 93 años. El gobierno chileno decretó entonces dos días de duelo nacional, sus restos fueron velados en el Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes y posteriormente sepultados en el Cementerio Municipal de Chillán, ciudad conocida como la “tierra de héroes y artistas”.

“Escribo poco y mal. Asmático y tartamudo, soy la metamorfosis de lo mismo y estoy hasta la tusa de los premios. Preferible callar. Pero cómo callar si el oleaje no te deja. Más claro, no soy poeta de papel, ni de papiro hubiera sido. De oreja soy y escribo como hablo. Me cuesta hablar. Me demoro y ése es mi juego, parpadeo con la voz; no todos los fonemas me son propicios y desde hace diez años ahí ando con mi fibrosis pulmonar hasta encima de los aviones. La contraje no sé dónde o no sé cuándo. ¿Se me pegó en el seso cuando el Premio Cervantes allá por la pompa real en Alcalá de Henares? ¿Quién me manda visitar de corrido todos los párrafos del planeta donde vivió Cervantes, de Sevilla a Argel en un sólo mes escaso?”, escribió Gonzalo Rojas como prefacio a su antología Qedeshím Qedeshóth, publicada por la filial chilena del FCE en el año de 2009.

RL

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