H.P. Lovecraft, 120 años de horror sobrenatural

 

“La vida es una cosa espantosa, y desde ese fondo que subyace más allá de cuanto sabemos de ella, asoman demoniacos atisbos de verdad que la hacen mil veces más espantosa.”

Arthur Jermyn, 1920

Entre 1925 y 1927 H.P. Lovecraft escribió un influyente ensayo titulado “El horror sobrenatural en la literatura” en el cual disertaba sobre las características de la ficción de horror repasando la obra de los maestros del género desde la novela gótica del siglo XVIII hasta sus exponentes más cercanos: Nathaniel Hawthorne, Edgar Allan Poe, Arthur Machen y Lord Dunsany. La primera frase del texto afirma: “El miedo es una de las emociones más antiguas y poderosas de la humanidad, y el tipo de miedo más viejo y poderoso es el temor a lo desconocido.” Lovecraft estaba llamado a ser la siguiente referencia en el género.

La ficción de horror americana en el siglo XX es inherente a Lovecraft. Todos los grandes exponentes se alimentan de su legado en los diversos soportes artísticos. De su trabajo se ha extraído obra plástica y literaria, cinematografía, viñetas de historieta y entretenimiento interactivo. El escritor estadounidense Stephen King, el cineasta mexicano Guillermo del Toro y el ilustrador suizo H.R. Giger reconocen en la narrativa de Lovecraft un punto de partida para el entendimiento del horror y una influencia personal para el desarrollo de su obra. Boom! Studios, editora de cómics norteamericana, incluso comenzó en 2007 una serie de historietas nombradas “Fall of Cthulhu” en honor al literato oriundo de Providence. Desde entonces cada número de la serie se ha agotado.

H.P. Lovecraft, artífice primigenio de “Los Mitos de Cthulhu”, marcó un hito en la forma de narrar ficción de horror, su estilo fue tan determinante en la creación artística contemporánea que ha fecundado su propio adjetivo: “lovecraftiano”, vocablo descriptivo de todo lo extraño, de todo lo oscuro y lo bizarre.

Hace 120 años en Providence, Rhode Island

Howard Philip Lovecraft nació el 20 de agosto de 1890 en el seno de una familia protestante radicada en el pequeño poblado de Providence en Rhode Island, Nueva Inglaterra. Las imágenes que tenemos de él se remontan a la tierna edad de los cuatro años. Se mira a Howard usando vestidos para niña y el cabello largo. Su padre murió de sífilis y su madre sufrió largo tiempo depresión e histeria.

Lovecraft tuvo una infancia desordenada. La invalidez de su madre lo transformó en una criatura solitaria y taciturna, impronta determinante en sus hábitos adultos ya que HL prefirió siempre la oscuridad de la noche para realizar actividades tradicionalmente diurnas, actividades tales como trabajar o salir a pasear.

Huésped en una casona victoriana, sin educación formal, encerrado en la gigantesca biblioteca de su abuelo, Lovecraft conoció la narrativa de H.G. Wells, la poesía de Poe y los relatos oscurantistas de Machen, y así, como uno aprende a leer, HL comenzó a escribir imitando el apesadumbrado estilo de sus maestros, historias que hablaban de atormentados personajes que perdían la razón al ser enfrentados con situaciones anómalas y entes extraordinarios, algo que él llamaba “horror primigenio”.

El joven Lovecraft quiso ir a la universidad, quiso enlistarse en la milicia al estallar la primera guerra mundial, sin embargo su precaria condición física y la falta de educación formal le condujeron hacia otro camino. Howard, como le nombraba todo mundo, estaba llamado a la posteridad como uno de los más influyentes literatos del siglo XX.

Se aficionó con rapidez a diversas publicaciones independientes de la época que llenaban sus páginas con osados relatos de suspenso, horror y ciencia ficción. Se unió a la Asociación de Prensa Amateur (APA) y comenzó a publicar en diversos fanzines o pulps ganando el respeto y admiración de sus correligionarios. Sin embargo, fue hasta 1923 cuando Farnsworth Wright, editor de la naciente revista Weird Tales en Chicago, decidió publicar su cuento “Dagon” lo que inauguró su carrera como escritor profesional.

Dicho salto cualitativo le acercó a su conocido círculo de amigos: Robert E. Howard (creador de Conan el Bárbaro), Clark Ashton Smith, Robert Bloch, Frank Belknap Long y August Derleth, este último fundador del sello editorial Arkham House y quien se convirtiera, al morir Lovecraft, en celoso guardián de su legado.

A pesar de que HL se formó con tranquilidad en las filas del racismo, la homofobia, misoginia, antisemitismo y xenofobia, el autor siempre trató a su criada afroamericana como si fuese de la familia, entre sus mayores amistades se encontraban sujetos abiertamente homosexuales y contrajo nupcias con Sonia Green, una mujer siete años mayor, inmigrante ucraniana y de familia judía.

H.P. Lovecraft falleció el 15 de marzo de 1937 en una cama de hospital de su ciudad natal como resultado de una falla renal ocasionada por cáncer intestinal y una severa desnutrición. Tres días después fue enterrado en el panteón familiar junto a su abuelo sin que lápida alguna fuera erigida en su memoria. Años más tarde, un grupo de aficionados a su obra colocó una placa conmemorativa al centro del camposanto con su nombre y el siguiente epitafio: “I AM PROVIDENCE”.

RMM/IM

2.950 Comments

  1. Utterly pent subject material , Really enjoyed reading through . CHECK ME OUT BY CLICKING MY NAME!!!

  2. wpablxazkc,A fascinating discussion is definitely worth comment. I do think that you ought to publish more on this topic, it may not be a taboo rywnvra,subject but generally folks don’t talk about such subjects. To the next! All the best!!

  3. inqlkfbkq Yeezy 350,Quality blog, keep up the good work. You may check our website also!

  4. The root of your writing while sounding agreeable at first, did not really work very well with me personally after some time. Someplace within the paragraphs you managed to make me a believer unfortunately only for a short while. I still have got a problem with your jumps in assumptions and you might do nicely to fill in all those gaps. In the event that you actually can accomplish that, I could undoubtedly be fascinated.

  5. Good day! I just want to give a huge thumbs up for the great info you might have here on this post. I will be coming again to your weblog for extra soon.

  6. xoyrvupif New Yeezy,Hi there, just wanted to say, I liked this article. It was helpful. Keep on posting!

  7. hljqys Yeezy 2019,If you are going for best contents like I do, just go to see this web page daily because it offers quality contents, thanks!

  8. is David Arquette and Patricia Arquette related ? they sort of look sisters and brothers*

  9. Its like you read my mind! You appear to know so much about this, like you wrote the book in it or something. I think that you can do with a few pics to drive the message home a little bit, but other than that, this is excellent blog. An excellent read. I’ll certainly be back.

  10. lgnbnofcnjs Yeezy Shoes,If you are going for best contents like I do, just go to see this web page daily because it offers quality contents, thanks!

  11. Magnificent site. Plenty of useful info here. I am sending it to a few buddies ans additionally sharing in delicious. And of course, thank you in your effort!

  12. pczvcxouw,Wonderful one thank you so much !

  13. Youre so cool! I dont suppose Ive read anything like this prior to. So nice to uncover somebody with many original thoughts on this subject. realy appreciate beginning this up. this fabulous website are some things that is required on the web, an individual with some originality. valuable work for bringing something new for the net!

  14. jxtvabag Yeezy 2019,Are you searching for top class Escort service in Noida and want to enjoy with them, hire sexy girls from top Greater Noida escort service and enjoy full night.

  15. wfdykuqvau Yeezy 2019,This website truly has alll of the information and facts I wanted about this subject and didn?t know who to ask.

  16. djypcdqkj,Hi there, just wanted to say, I liked this article. It was helpful. Keep on posting!

  17. suqgpgs Adidas Yeezy,Very informative useful, infect very precise and to the point. I’m a student a Business Education and surfing things on Google and found your website and found it very informative.

  18. Game Killer Apk Download Latest Version for Android (No Ad) … Guess not because Game killer full version app is not available on Play store.

  19. I really wanted to write a small comment to say thanks to you for all of the precious recommendations you are giving out at this website. My time-consuming internet search has now been honored with high-quality content to talk about with my family members. I would repeat that we readers actually are unquestionably endowed to live in a fine place with many marvellous professionals with insightful guidelines. I feel pretty happy to have come across your entire website and look forward to tons of more cool minutes reading here. Thank you once again for all the details.

  20. Just wanna remark on few general things, The website style is ideal, the topic matter is rattling good

  21. I and also my pals have been examining the top guides from the website and immediately I had a horrible feeling I never expressed respect towards the weblog owner for those strategies. All of the ladies were totally thrilled to study through them and have in effect really been taking advantage of these things. Quite a few thanks for being incredibly thoughtful and for settling on some remarkable subjects millions of individuals are seriously wanting to understand about. My honest apologies for not saying thanks to earlier.

  22. All the great facts about News facts within few minutes.

  23. Bless you for this particular info I had been exploring all Bing to uncover it!

  24. Please let me know if you’re looking for a article writer for your blog.

    You have some really good posts and I feel I would be a good
    asset. If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d absolutely love
    to write some articles for your blog in exchange for a link back to mine.

    Please shoot me an e-mail if interested. Regards!

  25. Today, I went to the beach with my kids. I found a sea shell and gave
    it to my 4 year old daughter and said “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.” She put the
    shell to her ear and screamed. There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear.
    She never wants to go back! LoL I know this is entirely off topic but I had to tell someone!

  26. We stumbled over here different web address and thought I might check things out.
    I like what I see so i am just following you. Look forward to looking over
    your web page repeatedly.

  27. Thanks for sharing such a fastidious opinion, piece of writing is nice, thats why i have read it completely

  28. Thanks very interesting blog!

  29. I visit daily some web pages and information sites to read posts, but this webpage provides quality
    based writing.

  30. My brother suggested I might like this web site.

    He was totally right. This post truly made my day.
    You cann’t imagine simply how much time I had spent for
    this information! Thanks!

  31. What’s Taking place i am new to this, I stumbled upon this I have discovered It positively useful and it has aided me
    out loads. I am hoping to give a contribution & assist other users like its aided me.
    Good job.

  32. Helpful info. Lucky me I discovered your web site accidentally,
    and I’m stunned why this coincidence did not came about earlier!
    I bookmarked it.

  33. You ought to take part in a contest for one of the greatest blogs on the
    internet. I most certainly will highly recommend this blog!

  34. Good day! Do you use Twitter? I’d like to follow you if that would be okay.
    I’m definitely enjoying your blog and look forward to new updates.

  35. For the reason that the admin of this site is working, no
    hesitation very quickly it will be famous, due to its quality contents.

  36. Pretty! This has been an extremely wonderful post.
    Thanks for supplying these details.

  37. Definitely believe that which you stated.
    Your favorite reason seemed to be on the web the simplest thing to be
    aware of. I say to you, I definitely get annoyed while people think about worries that they just do not know about.
    You managed to hit the nail upon the top as well as defined out the whole thing without having side-effects , people could
    take a signal. Will likely be back to get more. Thanks

  38. The material used for the creation of this video is not owned by kittyMKZ. I apologize in advance for any error …

  39. *When I originally commented I clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get four emails with the same comment. Is there any way you can remove me from that service? Thanks!

  40. You seem to have a lot of confidense in the things you do. Nice post also! .

  41. It’s impressive that you are getting ideas from this piece of writing as well as from our argument made here.

  42. Thank you for another informative website. The place else may I get that type of information written in such a perfect means? I have a challenge that I am just now working on, and I’ve been on the look out for such info.

  43. I just want to mention I am newbie to blogging and certainly liked you’re blog site. Probably I’m want to bookmark your blog . You definitely come with outstanding stories. Thanks a bunch for sharing your blog.

  44. cocuk escort says:

    google hack ın my sites go to my website

  45. Great beat ! I wish to apprentice while you amend your site, how could i subscribe for a blog site? The account helped me a acceptable deal. I had been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered bright clear idea.

  46. Howdy exceptional website! Does running a blog such as this require a great deal of work? I’ve very little understanding of coding but I had been hoping to start my own blog in the near future. Anyway, if you have any recommendations or techniques for new blog owners please share. I know this is off topic but I simply had to ask. Thanks a lot!

  47. google hack in bursa web sites

  48. child porn in my bursa escort site go to my websites

  49. cocuk porno sitesi escort cocuk isteyen tıklasın

  50. free child porn in google in my websites

Leave a Reply

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *

*