Jodorowsky: un homenaje por sus 81 años

jodorowskyAlejandro  Jodorowsky (Chile, 7 de febrero de 1929)  a  sus ochenta y un años aún sigue siendo un artista  para  sanar. En el  café Le Téméraire de la avenida Daumesnil, cerca de la Gare de Lyon  (París, Francia) se  reúne un  día a la semana para dar gratuitamente  conferencias sobre  psicomagia y consultas de  Tarot. El  artista polifacético llena de admiración al  público por su manera de percibir el mundo ya que se sitúa fuera del ámbito racional y de los lugares comunes, lo que lo hace simplemente  extraordinario.

La psicomagia, teoría escandalosa irracionalista que fue concebida en los mercados chamanicos de la ciudad de México por Jodorowsky, está planteada como un  rito chamanico que ayuda a sanar a la gente, pues en los rituales las personas ponen su fe en la ceremonia y de esa manera sienten la curación. El artista y mago chileno le  dio un nuevo giro a los rituales y creó con ello una cura a problemas psicológicos por medio de una fusión entre el teatro, la poesía, la filosofía y el psicoanálisis. Logra una psicología mágica alejada del conocimiento meramente científico y reduccionista: no hay teoría con la que la psicomagia sea capaz de ser contrastada.

La psicomagia trata de traer a colación actos que  atañen exclusivamente al inconsciente, aquello que actúa de manera tan ciega que a veces nos causa dolor y no sabemos cómo tratarlo, mucho menos curarlo. Jodorowsky encontró una manera de llegar a lo más profundo de la mente por medio de actos simbólicos. Para que esto dé resultado el psicomago debe saber el comportamiento de sus antecesores, así como también las relaciones y el comportamiento del paciente, ya que según el padre de la psicomagia los traumas  son heredados de generación en generación.

Antes de que Jodorowsky concibiera la psicomagia ya había encontrado algunos principios de ésta, y los había plasmado en sus películas, la mayoría de culto, entre las que destacan: El topo, La montaña sagrada, Fando y Lis, El ladrón del arcoíris, Santa sangre, entre otros filmes. Sus  películas cuentan con una visión de carácter surrealista y están inundadas de elementos simbólicos, a veces de difícil comprensión, con escenas provocadoras y grotescas que logran captar al espectador. El mismo Jodorowsky en algunas de sus películas ha representado personajes principales, en El Topo, por ejemplo, aparece en escena con su hijo Cristóbal. Gracias a ese mismo filme, el cantautor John Lennon se interesa en el artista chileno y le financia su segunda obra filmográfica: La montaña sagrada, para la cual el psicomago invitó a varias personalidades de importancia a escena, pero “le quedaronn mal”, entre los que destaca un dibujante francés nombrado Moebius, quien le habría dejado varios dibujos que fueron reutilizados en otras películas como Stars Wars y El quinto elemento.

Dentro del teatro Jodorowsky ha hecho obras fuera de lo común.  Inició en Chile con una obra que montó junto con Enrique Lihn y el anti-poeta Nicanor Parra llamada Los quebrantadores, tras ello se dedicó al teatro mímico, y fundó el Movimiento Pánico junto con Fernando Arrabal y Roland Topor. Hizo teatro surrealista y simbólico que gustaba a la gente por controvertido, pues en estas  representaciones aparecían en escena personas desnudas, se usaba sangre como un recurso común; pero siempre sus montajes tenían un fin: enseñar algo por medio del  teatro. Entre sus obras teatrales más relevantes podemos mencionar: El melodrama sacramental, Zaratustra (Aventura  Metafísica), El Juego que todos jugamos, Ópera Pánica, El sueño sin fin y Sangre Real.

Dentro del ámbito de la literatura ha escrito historietas y libros sobre psicomagia, poesía, comics, cuentos, teatro, ensayos, novelas, textos  autobiográficos, entrevistas y hasta libros de chistes, con lo que consolida el llamado fenómeno “Jodorowsky”. Entre sus obras podemos citar: Fabulas Pánicas, Psicomagia, Donde mejor canta un pájaro, Evangelios para sanar, La sabiduría de los chistes, Albina y los hombres perro, La danza de la realidad, El tesoro de la sombra, La vía del tarot, El maestro y las magas, Sólo de amor, Poesía sin fin. También ha sido galardonado con múltiples premios por sus obras cinematográficas y por sus ensayos literarios.

Jodorowsky  simplemente ha  innovado  un  arte  de vanguardia  y  ha roto de manera escandalosa con lo tradicional,  se puede decir con justicia que encarna el  sentimiento en  el acto, no sigue escuela que  no sirva para  sanar,  pues  como él dice: El  ave  del espíritu debe liberarse de la jaula  racional. Para ello romperemos con el orden lógico”.

Para el artista, que ha vivido desterrado en Francia y México (entre otros lugares), la psicomagia es un universo desconocido, transvalorador de formas de pensar, que invita a ir más  allá  de  los  limites hacia los infinitos. Jodorowsky nos ofrece una oportunidad de ver mundos nuevos, porque la Psicomagia es una terapia para ” personas mutantes”, y el psicomago simplemente nos abraza y nos dice al oído en la cuneta del camino: Tiene raíz la Flor que yo te ofrezco. Plántala en tu corazón.

Feliz cumpleaños a Alejandro Jodorowsky.

RL/CC

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