Johan Falkman: La alteridad en el espejo

Retrato de Hitler / ©Foto: Tania Ortega

La mirada del pintor sueco Johan Falkman se aventura a desenmascarar lo ajeno y diverso del Otro, a través del retrato y el estilo expresionista. El Antiguo Colegio de San Ildefonso abre sus puertas a la muestra “Johan Falkman. La alteridad en el espejo”, que podrá ser visitada hasta el 15 de julio.

Las más de 90 obras expuestas, realizadas entre los años 2003 y 2012, revelan un juego de alteridad que nace de un “nosotros”; se conduce al retrato, al personaje y al retratista, para regresar al “nosotros”. Un recreo de identidades diversas que construyen la propia, a partir de unas pinceladas y trazos al estilo expresionista, cargado de la influencia de la tradición pictórica europea, así como de los maestros de la plástica occidental.

La psicología de los personajes se aprecia en cada retrato. “No es solamente un médico o un arquitecto, sino la pasión de ese arquitecto por su trabajo, por su construcción, por su compromiso. Esas honduras psicológicas que le llevan a tener contraste de personalidad; un alter ego que cada uno de nosotros proyectamos o queremos proyectar”, señaló Leticia López Orozco, curadora de la exhibición, durante la inauguración de la misma.


“Pinto retratos psicológicos porque estoy interesado en el hombre, y creo que las personas son lo más interesante que tenemos y si olvidamos eso, entonces ¿qué somos?”, indicó el artista en un comunicado. La fascinación por la exageración del juego de la alteridad y el alter ego, impulsan sus fantasías por el misterio y los contrastes en la psicología de los retratos.

A manera de mosaico de parte de la sociedad sueca, las obras muestran una apología de la personalidad, cuentan las reacciones del retratado para narrar al mismo tiempo la historia del retratista. El alter ego se desdobla en disimiles personajes de presencia fuerte y ostentosa. Así, Falkman retrata personalidades suecas, como la actriz Marianne Mörck, reconocidos médicos de la Universidad de Lund, el actor Lars Humble y la condesa Eva Thott. Se enfocó principalmente en aquellos personajes que vislumbran una autoridad, como profesores, tutores, médicos, artistas, padres, madres, incluso líderes como Adolf Hitler.

La alteridad en el espejo de la pintura mexicana

Johan Falkman hermana la pintura sueca con el muralismo mexicano. En sus obras, las pinceladas gruesas remiten a José Clemente Orozco, a Diego Rivera o a Pablo O’Higgins, o bien, algunas emociones como la muerte se expresan al modo de Federico Cantú. Con ellos encontró cercanía artística en su primera visita a México en 2008.

Por ello, la exhibición integra un apartado con seis obras de José Chávez Morado, Federico Cantú y Arturo Estrada que muestran las empatías estilísticas con Falkman.



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