John Cheever, el Chéjov norteamericano

John Cheever en su estudio

Por Katia Rodríguez

Miseria, infelicidad, depresión, fobias. Eso reflejan los personajes de la clase media ascendiente neoyorkina que durante seis décadas plasmó en su obra John Cheever (1912-1982), considerado el Antón Chéjov de Nueva York por su capacidad de reflejar la realidad de las personas en la época en que vivió. En el marco de la XXXIII Feria Internacional del Libro del Palacio de Minería, el ensayista Federico Campbell dirigió la conferencia “El Ángel del Puente. A Cien Años del Nacimiento de John Cheever”, en memoria del autor americano.

Aunque John Cheever nació hace cien años —en Quincy, Massachusetts—, su esencia se considera totalmente neoyorkina. El escritor de una centena de cuentos, considerados por Campbell como “magistrales” y “memorables”, hace en su obra una radiografía del mundo de los seres infelices con buen nivel económico que viven en la Gran Manzana, ciudad que es el corazón cultural, empresarial y migratorio de Estados Unidos desde inicios del siglo XX.

El nombre de Cheever, ganador del Premio National Book en 1958 y 1981, siempre estará relacionado con la revista literaria The New Yorker. Como explicó Campbell, a pesar de las limitaciones que posee esta publicación al ser pensada para los hogares, Cheever logró por medio de un lenguaje conciso plasmar la realidad de temas como las drogas y el alcoholismo —problemas que el cuentista desarrolló hacia la década de los 60, en la cúspide de su carrera— o la homosexualidad. Sin embargo, el ensayista tijuanense aclaró que la literatura de Cheever es divertida a pesar de las temáticas que aborda.

El compendio de cuentos Relatos de John Cheever (1978) le hizo merecedor al Premio Pulitzer en 1979. Fueron pocas las novelas que publicó el norteamericano ya que siempre procuró decir lo más con lo menos, utilizar la palabra de forma justa y necesaria a lo que requería el texto. “Ellos son de los autores que si sienten que la historia ya está contada y el personaje está estructurado en el cuento, ya no desarrollan una novela”, explicó el conferencista.

Sin embargo, la novela más destacable del autor es, para Campbell, Falconer (1977) que narra las experiencias de un profesor universitario drogadicto encerrado por fratricidio. Una novela basada en la experiencia del autor como coordinador de un taller en una prisión.

El Ángel del Puente

Federico Campbell, autor de la columna “La hora del lobo”, contó que su primer acercamiento con John Cheever fue cuando éste pertenecía al taller literario de Juan José Arreola. En esa época “surgió por mi enamoramiento de la Ciudad de Nueva York que la conocí muy joven, tenía 20 años.” Todo lo que fuera neoyorkino le interesaba.

“Si alguien me pregunta, ¿has leído a John Cheever? Yo le diría: ‘Claro, lo leí hace muchos años con una novela, Falconer; algunos cuentos a lo mucho’. Pero de lo único que me acuerdo es de haber leído el cuento llamado ‘El Ángel del Puente’: es un cuento muy melancólico, muy triste. El personaje que cuenta la historia es un hombre deshecho que ha perdido toda la esperanza; que ha pasado el tiempo y se ha dado cuenta que su vida no tiene mucho sentido. Ese sentimiento de derrota, de fracaso, que puede tener un hombre de cincuenta sesenta años cuando mira hacia atrás y ve que todo su trabajo se le escurrió como agua de las manos.”

La historia versa sobre un hombre que sufre una caída represiva. El protagonista tiene una madre que le gusta vestirse de jovencita y patinar en el Rockefeller Center; su hermano, tiene fobia a tomar un elevador. El mismo personaje termina desarrollando una fobia a cruzar los puentes, provocando que piense que su vida ha perdido sentido. “Lo que insinúa Cheever —conforme a la estructura de este personaje— es que probablemente es un suicida. Es alguien que se va a suicidar”, sentencia Campbell. Sin embargo, un día conoce en la entrada de un puente a un ángel, una muchacha joven que logra que él cruce el puente con ella. Aunque al final se despiden, el protagonista encuentra sentido a la vida.

Feria Internacional del Libro del Palacio de Minería / KRR

487 Comments

  1. It’s a shame you don’t have a donate button! I’d certainly donate
    to this fantastic blog! I guess for now i’ll settle for bookmarking and adding
    your RSS feed to my Google account. I look forward to fresh updates and will share this website with my Facebook group.
    Chat soon!

  2. whoah this weblog is great i love studying your articles. Keep up the good work!
    You realize, many people are hunting around for this info,
    you could aid them greatly.

  3. Thanks very interesting blog!

  4. Just got a Blogger account, it functions great, but just how do I locate different customers blogs I such as with search. I remember there is a means, yet I am not seeing it now. Many thanks for your help.

  5. Hi there, I found your site via Google even as looking for a similar topic, your web site got here up, it looks good.
    I’ve bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.
    Hello there, just was alert to your blog through Google, and found that it is truly informative.
    I am going to watch out for brussels. I’ll be grateful for those who proceed this in future.
    A lot of other people will likely be benefited
    from your writing. Cheers!

  6. I visit each day some web sites and information sites to read content, except this web
    site presents feature based content.

  7. Hi! I simply would like to offer you a huge thumbs up for your great info you have got
    right here on this post. I will be coming back to your website for more soon.

  8. A monetary advisor is your planning accomplice.

  9. A monetary advisor is your planning accomplice.

  10. Hi there, just wanted to tell you, I enjoyed this article.
    It was funny. Keep on posting!

  11. Thank you in your interest in Funding Recommendation.

  12. Hello, i think that i saw you visited my blog thus i came to “return the favor”.I’m attempting to find things to enhance my website!I suppose its ok to use some of your ideas!!

  13. I go to see day-to-day a few sites and information sites to
    read articles, except this weblog provides quality based writing.

  14. Hi there! I just would like to offer you a big thumbs up for your excellent information you have
    got right here on this post. I am coming back to your web site for more soon.

  15. Heya i am for the first time here. I came across
    this board and I find It truly useful & it helped me out much.

    I hope to give something back and aid others like you helped me.

  16. Heya i’m for the first time here. I found this board and
    I find It truly useful & it helped me out much. I hope to give something
    back and help others like you helped me.

  17. Thank you in your curiosity in Investment Advice.

  18. Hurrah, that’s what I was looking for, what a information! existing here at this weblog,
    thanks admin of this site.

  19. Heya are using WordPress for your site platform? I’m new to
    the blog world but I’m trying to get started and set up my own. Do you require any
    coding knowledge to make your own blog? Any help would be greatly appreciated!

  20. I do not know if it’s just me or if everyone else experiencing problems with your site.

    It looks like some of the written text in your content are
    running off the screen. Can somebody else please provide feedback
    and let me know if this is happening to them too? This could be a issue with
    my web browser because I’ve had this happen before. Cheers

  21. Wow that was odd. I just wrote an extremely long comment but after
    I clicked submit my comment didn’t show up.
    Grrrr… well I’m not writing all that over again. Anyhow, just wanted to say great blog!

  22. you’re truly a good webmaster. The website loading speed is incredible.
    It seems that you are doing any distinctive trick. Moreover,
    The contents are masterpiece. you’ve done a great job on this
    topic!

  23. I am in fact happy to glance at this website posts which contains plenty of useful facts, thanks for providing these kinds of information.

  24. you are truly a just right webmaster. The web site loading velocity is incredible.
    It sort of feels that you are doing any distinctive trick.
    Moreover, The contents are masterwork. you have
    performed a wonderful job in this matter!

  25. I’m gone to say to my little brother, that he should also pay a visit
    this webpage on regular basis to take updated from newest news update.

  26. I was curious if you ever considered changing the page layout of your blog?
    Its very well written; I love what youve got to say.
    But maybe you could a little more in the way of
    content so people could connect with it better.
    Youve got an awful lot of text for only having one or two
    images. Maybe you could space it out better?

  27. What are some excellent websites as well as blogs for cost effective style for adults?

  28. I simply couldn’t leave your website before suggesting that I extremely loved the standard information an individual supply on your guests?
    Is going to be again often in order to check out new posts

  29. And that is an investment threat value taking.

  30. Hey there! Do you know if they make any plugins to safeguard against hackers?
    I’m kinda paranoid about losing everything I’ve worked hard on. Any
    tips?

  31. By comparison,Jordan relative unknown South Bend,Jordan Ind. Mayor Pete Buttigieg has shot up to third place in some recent polls after strong performances in TV interviews and on the hustings. A core source of Buttigieg’s rise? Former Biden supporters.

  32. It’s going to be end of mine day, but before end
    I am reading this impressive paragraph to improve my know-how.

  33. Link exchange is nothing else however it is just placing the other person’s blog link on your page at
    proper place and other person will also do same in favor
    of you.

  34. All sorts of investments include sure risks.

  35. This site was… how do you say it? Relevant!!

    Finally I have found something which helped me. Cheers!

  36. lkbfigsdgxp,Thanks for sharing such an amazing blog. I am so happy found this informative blog.

  37. Hi, i think that i saw you visited my blog so i came to “return the
    favor”.I’m attempting to find things to enhance my web site!I
    suppose its ok to use some of your ideas!!

  38. Hey there I am so glad I found your site, I really found you by mistake,
    while I was researching on Bing for something
    else, Anyways I am here now and would just like to say cheers for a marvelous post and a all round entertaining blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to
    look over it all at the minute but I have bookmarked it and also added in your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will
    be back to read more, Please do keep up the awesome job.

  39. Wow, that’s what I was searching for, what a data! existing here at this weblog, thanks
    admin of this web site.

  40. If some one wishes to be updated with most recent technologies after that he must be visit this web site and be up to date everyday.

  41. My coder is trying to convince me to move to .net from PHP.
    I have always disliked the idea because of the costs. But he’s tryiong none the less.
    I’ve been using Movable-type on a number of websites
    for about a year and am worried about switching to another platform.

    I have heard great things about blogengine.net. Is there a way I can import all my wordpress content
    into it? Any kind of help would be really appreciated!

  42. This text is worth everyone’s attention. When can I
    find out more?

  43. I think the admin of this website is truly working hard in favor of his
    web page, since here every data is quality based information.

  44. Schwab Intelligent Portfolios invests in Schwab ETFs.

  45. Everything is very open with a clear clarification of the challenges.
    It was truly informative. Your site is useful. Many thanks for sharing!

  46. Hi Dear, are you in fact visiting this site regularly, if so after that you will absolutely take pleasant knowledge.

  47. Hi there everybody, here every one is sharing these
    kinds of know-how, therefore it’s fastidious to read this webpage, and I used to
    go to see this blog daily.

  48. I’m not sure where you’re getting your info, but great topic.

    I needs to spend some time learning more or
    understanding more. Thanks for fantastic information I
    was looking for this info for my mission.

  49. Very great post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to
    mention that I have truly enjoyed browsing your weblog posts.

    In any case I will be subscribing on your rss feed and I’m hoping you write once more very soon!

  50. Hello to all, it’s really a fastidious for me to pay a quick visit this site, it consists of precious Information.

  51. Hurrah! Finally I got a web site from where I can in fact obtain useful information concerning my study
    and knowledge.

  52. Today, I went to the beach with my children. I found a sea
    shell and gave it to my 4 year old daughter and said “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.”
    She placed the shell to her ear and screamed. There was a hermit crab
    inside and it pinched her ear. She never wants to go back!
    LoL I know this is completely off topic but I had to tell someone!

  53. Hello just wanted to give you a quick heads
    up. The words in your post seem to be running off the screen in Firefox.
    I’m not sure if this is a formatting issue or
    something to do with browser compatibility but I thought I’d post to
    let you know. The design and style look great though! Hope you get the
    problem fixed soon. Cheers

  54. I wanted to thank you for this wonderful read!! I absolutely
    loved every little bit of it. I’ve got you book-marked to check out new stuff you post…

  55. Hurrah! After all I got a website from where I know how to
    truly get valuable data regarding my study and knowledge.

  56. Hello there! This is my 1st comment here so I just wanted to give a quick shout out and tell you I truly enjoy reading your blog posts.
    Can you recommend any other blogs/websites/forums that
    cover the same subjects? Thank you!

  57. Fantastic beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your
    site, how could i subscribe for a blog site? The
    account aided me a acceptable deal. I had been a little bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided bright clear idea

  58. It’s actually a nice and useful piece of information. I am
    glad that you simply shared this useful information with us.

    Please stay us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.

  59. The other day, while I was at work, my cousin stole my
    iPad and tested to see if it can survive a 40 foot drop, just so she can be a youtube sensation. My apple ipad is
    now broken and she has 83 views. I know this is entirely off topic but I had to share it with someone!

  60. Spot on with this write-up, I truly think this web site
    needs far more attention. I’ll probably be back again to read through more,
    thanks for the information!

  61. Woah! I’m really enjoying the template/theme of
    this blog. It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times
    it’s very difficult to get that “perfect balance” between superb usability
    and appearance. I must say that you’ve done a amazing job with this.
    Additionally, the blog loads very fast for me on Opera.
    Superb Blog!

  62. But in practice,Jordan many of those strengths may turn out to be weaknesses as Biden’s third presidential campaign gets underway this week.

  63. Wow, amazing blog layout! How long have you been blogging for?
    you make blogging look easy. The overall look of your site is
    great, as well as the content!

  64. Wonderful article! That is the kind of information that should be
    shared across the net. Disgrace on Google for now not positioning this post upper!
    Come on over and visit my web site . Thank
    you =)

  65. If you are going for most excellent contents like myself,
    simply visit this site daily for the reason that it presents feature contents,
    thanks

  66. I absolutely love your website.. Great colors & theme. Did you develop this website yourself?
    Please reply back as I’m planning to create my own site and want
    to learn where you got this from or exactly what the theme is named.
    Thank you!

  67. Excellent items from you, man. I’ve remember your stuff prior to and you are just
    too wonderful. I actually like what you have received right here, certainly like what
    you are stating and the best way in which you say it.
    You make it entertaining and you still take care of to keep it smart.

    I cant wait to read much more from you. This is really a terrific site.

  68. Wow, amazing weblog format! How lengthy have
    you been blogging for? you make running a blog glance easy.

    The total glance of your web site is fantastic,
    let alone the content!

  69. Have you ever considered writing an e-book or guest authoring on other sites?

    I have a blog based upon on the same ideas you discuss
    and would really like to have you share some stories/information. I know my readers would appreciate your work.
    If you are even remotely interested, feel free to send me an email.

  70. Pretty! This has been a really wonderful post. Thank you for supplying these details.

  71. Youre so cool! I dont suppose Ive read anything similar to this prior to. So nice to discover somebody with original ideas on this subject. realy we appreciate you beginning this up. this fabulous website can be something that is needed on the internet, someone with a bit of originality. helpful work for bringing new stuff on the world wide web!

  72. Now I am going to do my breakfast, later than having my breakfast coming over
    again to read other news.

  73. After looking over a few of the articles on your web site, I truly like your way of writing a blog.
    I added it to my bookmark webpage list and will be checking back in the near future.
    Please check out my web site as well and let me know how
    you feel.

  74. I’m a young adult and I listened to that you can actually make money for points similar to this. I’m experienced with computer systems and have good literary works skills and I make sure I can create effective blogs/articles … On a different (sort of) topic, would certainly I be able to sign up with associate programs?.

  75. zlwyqlid Yeezy Boost 350,If you want a hassle free movies downloading then you must need an app like showbox which may provide best ever user friendly interface.

  76. whoah this weblog is wonderful i like reading your articles.
    Stay up the great work! You know, a lot of people are searching round for this info,
    you can aid them greatly.

  77. Hello, Neat post. There is a problem together with your site
    in internet explorer, might test this? IE still is the market leader and a huge
    element of people will omit your excellent writing due to
    this problem.

  78. An interesting discussion may be worth comment. I do think that you simply write on this topic, it will not certainly be a taboo subject but normally consumers are insufficient to communicate on such topics. To a higher. Cheers

  79. Hey there, You have done a great job. I will certainly digg it and personally recommend to my friends.
    I’m sure they’ll be benefited from this site.

  80. wedding keepsake box next

  81. Hello mates, its wonderful article concerning educationand fully defined,
    keep it up all the time.

  82. Hello everyone, it’s my first visit at this web page, and article is
    really fruitful for me, keep up posting these articles or reviews.

  83. My pal and also I have actually been going over individual blog sites and also on the internet journaling. She feels that personal feelings and also such must not revealed in such open forums. I see no worry with it. Share your ideas:. 1. Do you blog or journal?. 2. Do you favor in person expression of sensations over created communication?.

  84. Hi there just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The words in your post
    seem to be running off the screen in Ie. I’m not sure if this is a format issue or something to do with browser compatibility but I thought I’d post to let you know.
    The style and design look great though! Hope you get
    the issue solved soon. Thanks

  85. Now it’s time to pick your particular investments.

  86. Liebesman’s choice of shooting this faux-documentary style makes the movie seem like a first-person shooter game at times, but works brilliantly in placing you right in the heart of the action.

Leave a Reply

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *

*