La Guelaguetza, asombro de manifestaciones culturales

guela(Mex) ¿Cómo enmarcar un evento cultural como la Guelaguetza? ¿Como un derrame económico de millones de pesos para el estado de Oaxaca, o como una fiesta que  hermana a los oaxaqueños con los visitantes mexicanos y extranjeros, de países como Rusia, Alaska, Australia y Finlandia, por mencionar algunos? Con esta unión,  los pueblos ratifican sus orígenes indígenas y reflejan la inmensa riqueza que guardan cada una de las ocho regiones del estado, con sus bailes, danzas, música, costumbres y tradiciones.

De acuerdo con la Secretaría de Turismo de Oaxaca, la Guelaguetza  2010 dejó ganancias por más de 215 millones de pesos y una asistencia de más de 150 mil turistas, además de una ocupación hotelera superior a 80 por cierto,  y donde la industria gastronómica no tuvo descanso; asimismo, la venta de artesanías resultaron muy satisfactorias para los prestadores de servicios.

Pero por qué hablar de este festejo como una fuente más de ingresos para el país, donde los únicos beneficiados de toda esta situación son los grandes empresarios. ¿Por qué no hablar de la Guelaguetza como el reflejo de la inmensa riqueza que guarda cada una de las ocho regiones del estado de Oaxaca, con sus bailes, danzas, música, costumbres y tradiciones? ¿Por qué no hablar de una fiesta de color, magia y alegría sin igual? ¿Por qué no referirse a ella como lo que en verdad es, como una expresión multicultural?

La Guelaguetza forma parte de los cultos populares a la Virgen del Carmen, razón por la que se celebra los dos lunes más cercanos a la festividad católica de esta advocación mariana. El auditorio del Cerro del Fortín es el corazón de los festejos. Sin embargo, en este año se cambió de sede al estadio de futbol Benito Juárez, debido a que el tradicional recinto se encuentra en remodelación.

“Guelaguetza” es una palabra proveniente del zapoteco (una de las lenguas de la región), que designa la acción de ofrendar, compartir o regalar. Una celebración donde participan grupos folklóricos de las ocho regiones del estado, portando vistosos trajes, vestidos con mucho orgullo.

Según algunos investigadores, los orígenes de la Guelaguetza se remontan a la época prehispánica y se tiene lugar en la época de la conquista mexica del valle de Oaxaca, y que se relaciona con Xilonen, la diosa del maíz tierno.

La Guelaguetza 2010, soberbia, inigualable, inolvidable, con el arte de las delegaciones provenientes de las ocho regiones y la quema de fuegos artificiales que iluminaron el cielo majestuoso de la bóveda celeste oaxaqueña, emocionaron a todos los que tuvieron el privilegio de presenciar este espectáculo, cabe decir, único en el país.

El cierre de la Guelaguetza 2010 fue, quizás, el momento más espectacular, la expresión artística más vista, admirada y aplaudida por los miles de espectadores en el festejo.

Finalmente, es menester realizar un último apunte: un evento cultural de estas magnitudes, debería concientizar a los integrantes de la sociedad de que cada uno es y somos parte fundamental del desarrollo de la cultura de nuestras comunidades, y que no debemos dejar que se manchen con actos de autoritarismo, crisis política, violaciones de derechos humanos, discriminación y corrupción, situaciones que imperan hoy en el estado de Oaxaca, frente a esto se explica también la organización de una Guelaguetza alternativa alejada del poder estatal en turno.

AM/RL

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