La Teta Asustada: entre el éxito y la crítica

Teta asustadaEn medio de una oleada de estrenos cinematográficos y en vísperas de Festivales y premios al séptimo arte, Claudia Llosa presenta su más reciente producción La Teta Asustada, que se  vio envuelta en la controversia a pocos días de su estreno en Perú.

La historia narra la vida callada y ausente de Fausta, una peruana de raíces indígenas quechuas con escasos recursos económicos. Fausta padece de un misterioso síndrome llamado comúnmente la teta miedosa o la teta asustada, contagiado por la leche materna cuando su madre, años atrás, fuera violada por los militares durante el “terrorismo” que azotó ese país.

Antes de morir, su madre le aconseja cuidarse de los hombres y sus perversiones, recomendándole meterse una patata en la vagina para que nadie pueda violarla.

Es así como la protagonista vive llena de temores y nula alegría, cantando para sí misma en los momentos de soledad las canciones de consuelo que su madre le enseñó.

Con una impecable calidad fotográfica y admirables actuaciones, La Teta Asustada, cuyo estreno en todo el mundo se adelantó al estreno en Perú, ha sido el blanco de críticas favorables y desfavorables. Por un lado fue galardonada con el Oso de Oro en el pasado Festival de Cine de Berlín, además de contar con una nominación para el premio Oscar 2010 en la categoría de Mejor Película Extranjera. En países europeos como Alemania y Francia tuvo buena aceptación por parte del público y recaudó cientos de miles de dólares en taquilla.

Pero este no fue el caso de Perú. Resulta que gran parte del pueblo peruano se ha sentido ofendido por la manera de retratar a ese pequeño sector de la población y han tachado de “racista” al filme. Tal ha sido el enfado que el reconocido periodista Carlos Boyero declaró: “No me provoca ni de lejos ni de cerca ningún volcán anímico”.

El tema central de la polémica es el asunto de la patata en la vagina; algunos han asegurado que tiene un sentido connotativo de humillación al principal alimento de las comunidades pobres en Perú, considerado por las culturas indígenas de los andes como un alimento sagrado.

Se ha tachado al filme, además, de “estereotipado” y de mostrar una sociedad “ignorante” y “sin educación”. Decenas de blogs en internet dan fe de ello. Otro punto cuestionado es la coproducción que realizó España y sus intereses comerciales con los que “vició” la ya de por sí “mal intencionada” idea de Llosa (por cierto, sí es sobrina del reconocido escritor Mario Vargas Llosa) por mostrar una cultura indígena denigrada y avergonzada de sí misma.

Lo cierto  es que la película no pretende en ningún momento ser documentalista, sin embargo describe el modo de vida de un sector social en específico y que, por cierto, no es único de Perú; es un paisaje de pobreza extrema que se puede encontrar en todo Latinoamérica.

La idea del filme no es de ninguna manera denigrar a los indígenas. Es más bien una crítica a la desigualdad económica y un reclamo a la asignación de roles en la sociedad: los pobres tienen que trabajar para los caprichos de los ricos y los ricos se sienten superiores a los pobres.

El tema no está cerrado, existen posturas a favor y otras en contra. Y mientras tanto, La Teta Asustada se perfila como una de las favoritas en la próxima entrega de los Premios Oscar y se especulan algunas nominaciones a los próximos premios del Festival de Cannes.



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