Lo sagrado y el 15-M

madrid-15-m

“Si supiera dónde está lo sagrado iría a orinármele encima”, me dijo un profesor de la universidad mientras platicábamos sobre la pérdida de la fe y “la crisis en que ha entrado el Occidente desde la Ilustración”.

La nuestra, debo reconocer, es la postura promedio de los que no sienten suya tal limitante, pero tampoco se encuentran muy a sus anchas con ella. Es más, dicha actitud de insolencia responde a la ansiedad y angustia que provoca el no creer ya en nada, el sentir que no hay nada más allá de lo que puede comprobarse.

“Muchos contemporáneos –expresó el profesor– han blasfemado contra aquello que se tiene por sagrado, para ver si Dios, en su rabia, les arrojaba un rayo o mandaba alguna señal de su divina existencia… Tal es el sentido absurdo de la crisis que vivimos”, añadió. “Hasta un castigo se tendría por buen augurio, incluso un castigo, pero que comprobara que el hombre no está solo, que no es un huérfano”.

La bibliografía sobre el tema es vastísima, abarca siglos enteros y autores de la más diversa ralea. Uno de los últimos que leí, el italiano Umberto Eco, escribe: “«¿Qué es lo sagrado?», pregunta en cierta ocasión Goethe en un dístico. Y responde: «Lo que mantiene unidas muchas almas»”. Eco se refiere a la construcción de la Torre de Babel como un evento en el que pueblos distintos se habrían congregado por un mismo ideal, uniéndose como una sola alma.

Empero, el también italiano Roberto Calasso afirma con escepticismo que las dos grandes congregaciones de almas durante el siglo XX terminaron en catástrofe: una de ellas, la Revolución Bolchevique y la posterior dictadura de Stalin; la otra, el nazismo. Por ello, concluye que la unión de muchos bajo un mismo ideal quizá no sea la mejor de las soluciones.

Sin embargo, tal vez el ideal de quienes construían la Torre de Babel y el de los que construyeron estos regímenes políticos, distaba entre sí más de lo que creemos, puesto que (¿)pertenecen(?) a dos visiones de mundo y a dos épocas por completo distintas.

Entramos en el terreno de la especulación y en el terreno del mito. De la Torre de Babel se sabe lo narrado en el Génesis; de comunismo y nazismo, se hablado hasta el fastidio.

Hoy ya nadie pugna abiertamente por la coerción política ni por los nacionalismos, pero siguen existiendo regímenes totalitarios y corrientes fascistas en diversos países.

De hecho, el fundamentalismo de altos vuelos, la xenofobia de ultraderecha y el antimulticulturalismo aparecieron el pasado viernes 22 de julio cuando Anders Behring Breivik asesinó por principios políticos a 93 personas en Noruega.

Ha dicho Javier Sicilia: el sistema implantado desde la Ilustración ya no está funcionando… Y fue dicho sistema (esto lo digo yo) el que separó a la Iglesia del Estado.

Pero, ¿son estos ejemplos motivo suficiente para dejar de organizarnos y luchar por aquello que creemos justo y necesario?, ¿por la dignidad y la vida humanas?

No, me niego a creerlo. El diálogo de Sicilia y Calderón ha sentado un precedente, pese a la tibieza del poeta. El mayo del 68 en Francia no cambió el mundo, pero mejoró las condiciones de vida y libertad en aquel país.

Malamente hemos abandonado los proyectos políticos a una banda de forajidos. Sigo creyendo que lo sagrado existe y que está en lo que une muchas almas y es digno. Creo que el que los parados del 15-M hayan tomado las calles de Madrid desde el 25 de julio, día de Santiago de Compostela, patrono de España, es una hermosa casualidad que dice mucho de su alma.

A ver si mi profesor va a España y los orina.

OZ/IM

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