Miguel Ángel Granados Chapa (1941-2011)

Miguel_Angel_Granados_Chapa_perfilHabrá quien diga que una época forja a sus símbolos. Habrá quien responda que hay seres que, vueltos símbolos, forjan a su época. Miguel Ángel Granados Chapa fue una cosa y la otra. Heredero de la tradición decimonónica del periodista como institución social y látigo de la conciencia pública, mitad romántico, mitad saco-y-corbata, vértice ineludible de la escritura de lo público y de la profesionalización del periodismo crítico en México, murió este domingo 16 de octubre en la capital, apenas dos días después de haberse despedido de la arena pública.

Paradigma de la independencia crítica y de la lucidez de análisis, Granados Chapa deja como herencia toda una escuela de ejercicio del periodismo mexicano, la primera donde el oficio devino profesión al ligar a la libertad de expresión y de juicio con la metodología de investigación y con un rigor documental inexorable.

Nacido en 1941, en un país donde las aguas de la Revolución se iban calmando en aras de la industrialización, Granados Chapa salió de su Hidalgo natal para estudiar a la par Periodismo y Derecho en la UNAM. La primera amplió y profundizó su lenguaje, opiniones y técnicas de investigación; la segunda lo entrenó en la rigurosa técnica de argumentación y defensa con la que ejercería la opinión política. Un doctorado en Historia terminaría por clarificar y cimentar su perspectiva y profundo conocimiento del entorno mexicano.

Colaborador primero, subdirector y editorialista después, un treintañero Granados Chapa se sumó al histórico equipo (Octavio Paz, Vicente Leñero, José de la Colina, entre otros) que en la década de 1970 convirtió al Excélsior de Julio Scherer en un punto y aparte de la prensa hispánica de su tiempo.

Consumado el golpe de Estado que el gobierno de Echeverría propinó al diario, Granados apareció en público, sólo diez días después, para anunciar frente a dos mil personas la creación de una agencia informativa y un semanario de información y crítica “sin antecedentes en el país”. El proyecto no tenía nombre, pero en pocas semanas sería bautizado y en noviembre de 1976, el primer número de Proceso saldría a la venta frente al repudio escandalizado de la clase política y con Granados Chapa como Director Gerente.

En 1984 se retiró del cargo para acercarse al periodismo audiovisual, dirigiendo los noticieros de Canal Once y asumiendo la dirección y rumbo de Radio Educación durante la siguiente década antes de regresar a los terrenos del papel y la tinta: en 1988 tomó a su cargo La Jornada, otra de las publicaciones nacidas de la desintegración de Excélsior, además de alternar presencia en medios como Unomásuno o El Financiero.

Con la fundación de Grupo Reforma en 1993, su ya por entonces mítica columna “Plaza Pública” se mudó a las páginas del diario homónimo, a la vez que se amplió a un programa completo en Radio UNAM. El espacio se mantuvo como cita cotidiana e ineludible en el espectro de la opinión pública y ahí se libraron, una tras otra, batallas interminables con la lucidez y la gran prosa como armas de puro filo. Incómodo para toda clase de poder, Chapa desarrolló una temeraria forma de independencia crítica desde donde arremetía indistintamente contra tirios y troyanos.

Tarde pero a tiempo, el reconocimiento oficial llegó en 2008 con un amplio y emotivo homenaje en la Facultad de Ciencias Políticas y Sociales de la UNAM  y el otorgamiento de la Medalla Belisario Domínguez del Senado. Al año siguiente, fue incorporado a la Academia Mexicana de la Lengua, justo reconocimiento para un alquimista que cada día tornaba el periodismo de investigación en prosa ensayística de altos vuelos.

“Antes de que caiga el telón (…)”, iniciaba el pasado viernes su habitual Plaza Pública. Nadie habría olfateado el sentido de aquella entrada hasta no llegar a la última línea del artículo que, en un golpe seco y directo, remataba: “Esta es la última vez que nos encontramos. Con esta convicción digo adiós”. Callamos entonces, desconcertados. “Adiós”, respondimos hoy.

Con Miguel Ángel Granados Chapa desaparece el testimonio vivo (y activo) de todo un tránsito del periodismo mexicano que abarca cuatro décadas y del cual Don Miguel representaba, él mismo, causas, desarrollo y consecuencias, todas regidas por principios sólidos e integrales, desde éticos hasta ortográficos. Ayer, por primera vez en 40 años, México se ha ido a dormir sin Miguel Ángel Granados Chapa. El Maestro, gladiador de mil arenas, ha salido victorioso del aula. Mañana podremos saber si la lección quedó aprendida.

Descanse en paz.

57 Comments

  1. Rodrigo Sánchez says:

    Terrible pérdida para el país. Ojalá su semilla haya quedado implantada en alguna mente de algún joven para, así, recrear su legado de ejercicio crítico y humanístico.

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