Mujeres, alcatraces sufragistas

“La revolución de los alcatraces” (México, 2012), Luciana Kaplan, CCC / FOPROCINE

“La revolución de los alcatraces” (México, 2012), Luciana Kaplan, CCC / FOPROCINE

ZOILA JUÁREZ |

Ciudad de México.-“Oaxaca tiene 570 municipios, 418 se rigen por el sistema de usos y costumbres, en casi 100 de ellos la palabra MUJER no existe en los catálogos de las comunidades”, esa es la narrativa actual de féminas oaxaqueñas, como Eufrosina Cruz Mendoza, originaria de Santa María Quiegolani, donde el alcatraz simboliza a la dama.

Eufrosina se convirtió en la primera mujer en presidir el Congreso de Oaxaca en 2010, dos años antes se le negara el derecho a votar y ser votada para presidir su municipio por el hecho de ser mujer y profesionista (contadora pública); prohibición tristemente notoria en el acta de la Asamblea local.

“Algunos señores me empezaron a insultar, en zapoteco los insultos son muy fuertes. Y fue la primera vez que lloré de impotencia y de coraje pero también juré algo: que eso no se iba a quedar así”, prometió la admiradora de líderes como Benito Juárez y Barack Obama (este último, impulsor de la Ley para Prevenir la Violencia contra las Mujeres con enfoque a miembros de tribus indígenas en EU, medida que —se estima—ha disminuido un 64% la violencia de género).

Desde lo más recóndito de la Sierra Sur, la indígena zapoteca pretende “generar igualdad entre hombres y mujeres en su comunidad, cuando adquiere ese uso de conciencia de libertad, regresa a su entorno sumergido en la marginación y el velo de la ignorancia; nadie cuestiona o aporta. Si una sociedad comienza a reclamar, se vuelve problema”, piensa la presidenta de la Comisión de Asuntos Indígenas, segura de que mejorar la educación en comunidades indígenas es la clave del mejoramiento de las circunstancias para las mujeres.

Presenciamos una revolución social donde las mujeres asumen una parte activa que nuestro cine quiere representar.

Alcatraces

Ópera prima de Luciana Kaplan, La revolución de los alcatraces es un largometraje que muestra la lucha personal de Eufrosina en contra de lo que llama “abusos y costumbres” en los municipios de muchos pueblos autóctonos.

Eufrosina —quien inspiró también el libro Alas de Maguey de Marta Gómez-Rodulfo—, se ha convertido en un referente para el despertar de muchas indígenas en extrema pobreza, mujeres representadas por ella en el congreso local, primero, y en la Cámara de Diputados posteriormente.

“¿Qué significa ser mujer indígena, por qué Eufrosina?”, preguntamos en Revista MilMesetas a Kaplan durante la reciente “Muestra CCC 2013”organizada en la Cineteca Nacional: “No todo es blanco y negro”, contestó Kaplan. “Eufrosina se cuestiona y llama a cuestionarse a todos, no sólo a las mujeres. Hay que preguntarse si los que están en el pueblo quieren cambiar, más allá de cómo ve uno a la mujer indígena y sus circunstancias. Atreverse a cambiar, sobre todo en este país que requiere gente que cuestione y actúe.”

”Eufrosina es una persona que lucha todo el tiempo y que no se da por vencida, que trabaja las 24 horas del día por hacer cambios, que da toda su alma para lograrlo, es un ejemplo para todas las personas. Ella me dejó amistad y respeto, entendimiento, pues es una persona diferente, recta, no olvida de donde viene, tiene una fuerza que logró muchos cambios que nadie había hecho”, explicó mientras los cinéfilos disfrutaban de remodeladas instalaciones.

A Kaplan, una segunda parte, la historia de Eufrosina en el poder, la sigue y le interesa pero se enfoca más el tema del renacer como luchadora social, como proceso y transformación, y cree que las contradicciones y dudas hacen la trama de su cinta más atrayente.

Sufragar

Un estudio de la Universidad Autónoma de Chapingo, retomado por teleSUR Prensa Latina, detalló que en los confines de la pluriculturalidad, 10% de los 57 millones de mujeres en México somos indígenas, el 57% trabaja y percibe menos de dos salarios mínimos, y en el agro, las campesinas laboran 31 horas semanales más que los hombres.

Las Sufragistas es la lucha de las mexicanas por el poder político, un documental que Ana Cruz presentó durante la 9ª Muestra de Cine y TV —complemento al detalle ocular de Kaplan desde la óptica del CCC—, otro enfoque de Eufrosina una vez ganadas las elecciones en Quiegolani, cuando ya “respiraba chingón”. La batalla personal de la indígena zapoteca ejemplifica la situación del voto y el empoderamiento femenino a lo largo de un siglo.

El filme entrevista a personajes de la talla de Verónica Michelle Bachelet, Directora Ejecutiva de ONU Mujeres, quien profetiza: “si hay más mujeres, mejora la calidad de la política”. Además, Ana recopila los testimonios de mexicanas defensoras del sufragio como alternativa a la toma de decisiones y muestra un mundo enriquecido en perspectiva de género donde –en palabras de la ex gobernadora Dulce María Sauri–, “el sufragio fue el principio de la larga lucha, porque fue el primer derecho político fundamental que ejercimos las mujeres”.

| RMM | CCMM | ZJ |

589 Comments

  1. eelbdowi Yeezy Shoes,Quality blog, keep up the good work. You may check our website also!

  2. Deference to article author , some superb selective information .

  3. Hello, Neat post. There is a problem with your website in web explorer, might check this… IE nonetheless is the market chief and a large component of people will miss your excellent writing because of this problem.

  4. I’d must verify with you here. Which is not something I usually do! I enjoy reading a submit that may make folks think. Additionally, thanks for allowing me to comment!

  5. Thanks a bunch for sharing this with all of us you really know what you’re talking about! Bookmarked. Kindly also visit my web site =). We could have a link exchange agreement between us!

  6. I don’t even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was good. I do not know who you are but definitely you are going to a famous blogger if you aren’t already 😉 Cheers!

  7. I’m not sure where you’re getting your information, but good topic. I needs to spend some time learning much more or understanding more. Thanks for wonderful info I was looking for this information for my mission.

  8. I recognize there’s lots of spam on this website. Do you need help cleansing them up? I may help among courses!

  9. I was curious if you ever thought of changing the structure of your site? Its very well written; I love what youve got to say. But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so people could connect with it better. Youve got an awful lot of text for only having 1 or 2 pictures. Maybe you could space it out better?

  10. I am really impressed with your writing skills as well as with the layout on your blog. Is this a paid theme or did you modify it yourself? Anyway keep up the excellent quality writing, it is rare to see a great blog like this one today..

  11. ntxwjoxvlo,Thanks for ones marvelous posting! I actually enjoyed reading it, you will be a great author.I will always bookmark your blog and will epeaewbo,come back from now on. I want to encourage that you continue your great writing, have a nice afternoon!

  12. I think other site proprietors should take this web site as an model, very clean and excellent user genial style and design, let alone the content. You are an expert in this topic!

  13. Hiya, I am really glad I have found this information. Today bloggers publish just about gossips and web and this is actually frustrating. A good website with interesting content, this is what I need. Thanks for keeping this site, I will be visiting it. Do you do newsletters? Can not find it.

  14. I was just searching for this info for a while. After 6 hours of continuous Googleing, finally I got it in your web site. I wonder what’s the lack of Google strategy that do not rank this type of informative web sites in top of the list. Generally the top web sites are full of garbage.

  15. great points altogether, you just received a new reader. What could you suggest about your submit that you simply made some days ago? Any positive?

  16. I love reading through and I believe this website got some genuinely utilitarian stuff on it! .

  17. I really got into this website. I found it to be interesting and loaded with unique points of interest.

  18. Thanks for this website. I definitely agree with what you are saying.

  19. Found this on bing and I’m happy I did. Well written website.

  20. Many thanks for making the effort to line all this out for people like us. This kind of article was quite helpful to me.

  21. Fantastic write-up, many thanks. I just agreed to your rss feed!

  22. Thank you for the sensible critique. Me & my neighbor were just preparing to do a little research about this. We got a book from our area library but I think I learned more from this post. I am very glad to see such fantastic information being shared freely out there.

  23. Certainly I like your website, however you need to check the spelling on quite a few of your posts. A number of them are rife with spelling issues and I find it very silly to inform you. On the other hand I’ll definitely come again again!

  24. Enjoyed reading through this, very good stuff, thankyou .

  25. The when Someone said a weblog, I am hoping it doesnt disappoint me as much as this one. I mean, I know it was my option to read, but I really thought youd have some thing intriguing to mention. All I hear is a number of whining about something you could fix if you ever werent too busy interested in attention.

  26. This is interesting!

  27. Outstanding post, I think blog owners should larn a lot from this website its rattling user friendly .

  28. In these days of austerity as well as relative anxiety about taking on debt, lots of people balk about the idea of having a credit card to make acquisition of merchandise or maybe pay for a vacation, preferring, instead only to rely on the particular tried plus trusted way of making settlement – raw cash. However, if you have the cash on hand to make the purchase in whole, then, paradoxically, that is the best time for you to use the credit card for several causes.

  29. i bought a lot of SEO Softwares and some of them are just very expensive and not so useful for the price“

  30. I’m gone to convey my little brother, that he should also go to see this webpage on regular
    basis to get updated from most recent gossip.

  31. It certainly is almost unthinkable to see well-updated users on this issue, even though you look like you understand those things you’re covering! Cheers

  32. It’s convenient opportunity to get some preparations for the upcoming. I’ve looked over this piece of writing and if I have the ability to, I desire to propose you handful of significant tips.

  33. I am extremely inspired along with your writing abilities as well as with the format on your
    weblog. Is this a paid subject or did you customize it yourself?
    Either way stay up the excellent high quality writing,
    it is rare to look a nice blog like this one today..

  34. It’s actually mostly close to impossible to encounter well-aware men and women on this niche, fortunately you look like you know what you’re indicating! Bless You

  35. Hey I am so excited I found your web site, I really found you by mistake, while I was looking on Aol for something
    else, Anyhow I am here now and would just like to say many thanks for a marvelous post and a all round enjoyable
    blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to
    browse it all at the minute but I have book-marked it and also included your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be
    back to read a lot more, Please do keep up the superb work.

  36. It’s nearly close to impossible to encounter well-updated men and women on this content, fortunately you seem like you know those things you’re talking about! Excellent

  37. Absolute helpful resources that you have remarked, many thanks for adding.

  38. Great, google took me stright here. thanks btw for post. Cheers!

  39. Excellent, what a webpage it is! This web site presents useful data to us, keep it up.

  40. This is the right web site for anybody who would like to understand this topic.
    You understand a whole lot its almost hard to argue with you (not that I personally would want to…HaHa).
    You definitely put a fresh spin on a subject that’s been discussed for ages.
    Great stuff, just excellent!

  41. Might be nearly extremely difficult to see well-educated people on this matter, but you come across as like you fully grasp exactly what you’re talking about! Appreciate It

  42. I don’t know whether it’s just me or if everyone else encountering problems with your blog.
    It appears like some of the written text in your
    content are running off the screen. Can someone else please comment
    and let me know if this is happening to them as well? This may be a issue with my web browser because I’ve had this happen previously.
    Many thanks

  43. each time i used to read smaller posts which also clear their motive, and
    that is also happening with this article which I am reading at this time.

  44. Hey there I am so delighted I found your weblog, I really found
    you by accident, while I was looking on Digg for something else, Anyways I am here now and would
    just like to say kudos for a fantastic post and a all round
    thrilling blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t
    have time to look over it all at the minute but I
    have book-marked it and also added your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read a great deal more, Please do keep up the superb work.

  45. I merely wish to notify you that I am new to writing a blog and clearly valued your article. Probably I am going to save your blog post . You truly have fantastic article content. Be Grateful For it for giving out with us your very own url page

  46. You’ll find it nearly impossible to see well-educated visitors on this content, still, you look like you understand what exactly you’re revealing! Appreciation

  47. Hiya there, just got aware of your blog through Google, and discovered that it is genuinely good. I will take pleasure in in the event you retain such.

  48. Hi, yes this article is really fastidious and I have learned lot of things from it regarding blogging.

    thanks.

  49. I truly enjoy looking through on this web site , it holds superb content .

  50. It really is near not possible to encounter well-advised users on this issue, then again you look like you understand what exactly you’re covering! Excellent

  51. Hullo here, just started to be aware of your blog through Search engines like google, and have found that it’s quite entertaining. I will take pleasure in if you keep up this.

  52. I like what you guys are up too. This sort of clever work and
    exposure! Keep up the amazing works guys I’ve included you guys to blogroll.

  53. This is awesome!

  54. Hello, Neat post. There’s a problem together with your website in web explorer, could check this?
    IE nonetheless is the market leader and a large section of
    people will leave out your wonderful writing due to this problem.

  55. Ridiculous quest there. What occurred after? Take care!

  56. Found this on yahoo and I’m happy I did. Well written website.

  57. I like this page, useful stuff on here : D.

  58. Hiya here, just started to be aware of your writings through Google, and realized that it’s quite educational. I will take pleasure in if you decide to continue this approach.

  59. I merely intend to tell you that I am new to writing a blog and genuinely loved your report. More than likely I am inclined to store your blog post . You truly have memorable article blog posts. Like it for share-out with us your own website post

  60. hello there and thank you for your info – I’ve definitely picked up anything new from right here.
    I did however expertise some technical issues using this site, as I experienced
    to reload the web site a lot of times previous to I could get it to load
    properly. I had been wondering if your web host is OK?
    Not that I am complaining, but sluggish loading instances times will often affect your placement in google
    and could damage your quality score if ads and marketing with Adwords.
    Anyway I’m adding this RSS to my e-mail and can look out for a lot more of your respective exciting content.

    Ensure that you update this again very soon.

  61. I am regular visitor, how are you everybody?
    This paragraph posted at this website is genuinely nice.

  62. Thanks in favor of sharing such a nice opinion, paragraph is fastidious, thats why i have read it entirely

  63. It is actually practically unattainable to encounter well-educated individual on this niche, then again you seem like you know which you’re preaching about! Many Thanks

  64. I really intend to inform you that I am new to blogging and clearly liked your article. Likely I am going to bookmark your blog post . You really have lovely article information. Acknowledge it for giving out with us your blog article

  65. Genuinely engaging suggestions you’ll have stated, thanks for posting.

  66. Greetings there, just became mindful of your web page through Bing, and realized that it is very useful. I will value should you continue on this informative article.

  67. Fairly enjoyable details you’ll have stated, a big heads up for adding.

  68. Good day here, just turned out to be familiar with your writings through Search engine, and have found that it’s pretty informational. I will appreciate if you decide to continue this post.

  69. It’s actually mostly impossible to see well-informed people on this issue, unfortunately you come across as like you fully grasp what exactly you’re raving about! Excellent

  70. Respect to website author , some wonderful entropy.

  71. I’m impressed, I have to admit. Genuinely rarely should i encounter a weblog that’s both educative and entertaining, and let me tell you, you may have hit the nail about the head. Your idea is outstanding; the problem is an element that insufficient persons are speaking intelligently about. I am delighted we came across this during my look for something with this.

  72. We’re a group of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community. Your website provided us with valuable info to work on. You have done an impressive job and our entire community will be grateful to you.

  73. Can I simply say exactly what a relief to get somebody who really knows what theyre referring to on the net. You definitely learn how to bring an issue to light and make it crucial. More and more people should check out this and see why side in the story. I cant think youre less popular because you certainly hold the gift.

  74. Some truly wonderful stuff on this web site , appreciate it for contribution.

  75. Excellent site you have here.. It’s difficult to find high-quality writing like yours nowadays. I honestly appreciate people like you! Take care!!

  76. I enjoying, will read more. Thanks!

  77. We are a group of volunteers and opening a new scheme in our community. Your web site provided us with valuable info to work on. You have done an impressive job and our whole community will be grateful to you.

  78. I do not even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was great. I do not know who you are but certainly you’re going to a famous blogger if you are not already 😉 Cheers!

  79. This paragraph gives clear idea in support of the new users of blogging, that genuinely how to do blogging and site-building.

  80. I am glad to be one of the visitors on this great website (:, appreciate it for posting .

  81. Hi i am kavin, its my first occasion to commenting anyplace, when i read this piece of writing i thought i could also make comment due to this brilliant paragraph.

  82. google took me here. Cheers!

  83. Hey, happy that i stumble on this in yahoo. Thanks!

  84. I simply want to mention I’m beginner to blogging and site-building and really enjoyed you’re blog site. Very likely I’m want to bookmark your blog post . You definitely come with awesome article content. Kudos for sharing with us your web page.

  85. I like this website its a master peace ! Glad I found this on google .

  86. Great article to see, glad that google led me here, Keep Up cool Work

  87. This page makes me think of the other page here I was seeing

Leave a Reply

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *

*