Murakami: la tecnología como motivo poético

MURAKAMIEl Sputnik fue el primer satélite artificial soviético lanzado al espacio  en la década de los cincuenta. Su nombre deriva de una palabra rusa que significa “Compañero de viaje“.El satélite, que fue símbolo de poder y de avance tecnológico, también es un imaginario poético, como lo muestra el célebre novelista Haruki Murakami en su novela Sputnik, mi amor, publicada inicialmente en 1998.

Sí, los satélites artificiales, y no tanto las llamadas telefónicas, constituyen la alegoría que recubre el sentido profundo de Sputnik, mi amor (1999): la soledad involuntaria, lo que queda del terco deseo de una compañía no correspondida. Le sucede a K., que está enamorado de Sumire; le ocurre a Sumire, que está enamorada de Myû; le sucede a Myû, que no está enamorada de nadie pero quisiera estarlo, porque es insoportable que alguien sufra por culpa propia.

En la novela de Murakami, el narrador llamado simplemente K., es un joven maestro de primaria que relata la historia de su amiga Sumire, una chica excéntrica que anhela ser novelista, pero que no puede escribir su primera novela. K. está enamorado de ella, sin embargo Sumire se ha involucrado con Myû, una misteriosa mujer madura de belleza increíble. Juntas viajan a una isla griega. Allí, Sumire desaparece “como el humo”. Myû y K. la buscan, pues en verdad K. desea encontrarla.

Como los satélites artificiales que viajan por distintas órbitas en torno a la Tierra, estos tres personajes a veces pasan muy cerca el uno del otro, pero jamás viajan juntos, jamás abandonan su trayecto egoísta. Por un instante están así de cercanos, así del abrazo, del beso, pero así como llegan, se van.

“A partir de aquel momento, y en su fuero interno, Sumire empezó a llamar a Myû «Sputnik, mi amor». Sumire amaba la resonancia de esa palabra. Le traía a la memoria la perra Laika. El satélite artificial atravesando en silencio la oscuridad del espacio. Las dos negras y brillantes pupilas de la perra atisbando por el pequeño ojo de buey. ¿Qué debía de mirar en aquella soledad infinita del cosmos?”, nos cuenta K.

Las desapariciones de personas sin aparente explicación, reflejan  la soledad intransferible, la incomunicación, la pérdida –inexplicable, sí– de quien amamos, el amor no correspondido. Y en el fondo de las hebras “mecanotejidas” de esta novela, Murakami ofrece la posibilidad de una nueva forma de buscar lo perdido y, con ello, una nueva forma de encontrarlo.

“Cuánto te quiero, mi amor. Te quiero porque vas y vienes como si fueras un satélite ruso, yendo y viniendo casi sin proponértelo, programadamente boba, en silencio; y la verdad es que también te detesto por eso, mi Sputnik, y a veces me gustaría no sentir tanto por ti, porque te acercas y te alejas, pero nunca me tocas, ni me miras, ni me amas como yo y entonces, eres como las llamadas que me haces siempre a las 3:00 de la madrugada, esa absurda cercanía lejana de hablar por teléfono. “



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