Roberto Bolaño, entre cuentos

bolaño cuentos Por Pablo Ramírez

Anagrama tuvo el tino de editar en un solo volumen, dentro de su nueva colección Otra vuelta de tuerca, los tres libros de relatos de Roberto Bolaño: Llamadas telefónicas, Putas asesinas y El gaucho insufrible. Es difícil hablar sobre la obra de la leyenda más reciente de la literatura latinoamericana, leyenda por su prolijidad y calidad, pero también por su desafortunada y prematura muerte.

Siempre quedará la duda sobre los libros que nunca escribió y que, de haberlo hecho, todos sus asiduos hubiéramos leído con curiosidad, aún bajo el riesgo de quedarnos con la sensación de que con Los detectives salvajes y 2666 alcanzó su techo narrativo. Es difícil hablar sobre un autor consagrado, pues los elogios ya se han dicho todos y las críticas difícilmente penetrarán en una obra capaz de esquivar cualquier dardo que se le lance.

Bajo este antecedente, primero cabe destacar el gran acierto de Anagrama (esperemos que en un futuro hagan lo mismo con la obra de Carver), pues tener en un único tomo toda la obra cuentística de Bolaño nos permite apreciarla panorámicamente y ver los patrones recurrentes en sus textos.

Como es normal, las motivaciones y obsesiones se repiten, se notan. Buena parte de los relatos son sobre un personaje llamado B o, en su caso, Belano, que se adivina como una especie de alter ego del autor, pues sus historias reproducen pasajes de su propia vida.

Su adolescencia en México tras su salida temprana de Chile, su vuelta y su encarcelamiento en su país de origen, su exilio en México y España, donde hizo milagros para ganarse la vida y sobrevivir a base de trabajos infames, condiciones durísimas y poco tiempo libre para escribir, el cual exprimió hasta sus límites.

En las narraciones vemos al mismo personaje, Belano, en la misma situación, con variantes de tiempo, lugar y circunstancia, pero a final de cuentas, repitiéndose sobre sus pasos. Ahí, quizás surge una especie de decepción  a partir del contraste del personaje con su presencia, casi monumental, en Los detectives salvajes, donde alcanza dimensiones de gigante de la búsqueda, héroe de la supervivencia y gurú de lo que debe hacer cualquiera que tenga un ideal y quiera llenarse de vivencias para luego materializarlo.

El libro empieza lento, con relatos que aparentan no ir a ningún lado y que no guardan mayores sorpresas, tal vez la fe en el autor es lo que anima a seguir leyendo. Afortunadamente esa fe no se ve defraudada, pues conforme avanzan las historias y se van reiterando los fantasmas, todo va tomando forma, destacan las narraciones El gusano, Detectives, o Últimos atardeceres en la tierra.

Sin embargo, Bolaño tiene la gran virtud de saber escaparse de vez en cuando de sus demonios y contarnos historias que nada tienen que ver con el aspirante a escritor que se enrolla con amantes tormentosas y atormentadas, o que se enrola en cualquier actividad para sacar unas pesetas. Y es ahí donde el libro alcanza sus picos, en cuentos como Joanna Silvestri, Prefiguración de Lalo Cura, El retorno o Buba.

Lo que es innegable, es que de todos los relatos se desprende cuan gran escritor es Bolaño, que su prosa es de las más depuradas y con un gran dominio del lenguaje, pues ha alcanzado una voz inconfundible que permea transversalmente los treinta y siete cuentos aquí reunidos.

En lo técnico, no hay mucho qué reprocharle, pues maneja con toda corrección los recursos narrativos, la combinación de elementos para generar ritmo y la construcción de sus secuencias. Cabría sólo señalar un par de ocasiones en que prefiere resumir y pasar página rápido, como cuando en El retorno, el necrófilo hace un resumen de su infancia y adolescencia al espíritu del muerto que acaba de violar. Hubiera sido mucho más interesante escuchar en detalle esos capítulos de su pasado que lo orillaron a adoptar esa práctica sexual.

Para los iniciados en la obra del chileno, este volumen de cuentos permite mirar de un solo tirón su vertiente cuentística y enriquecer la obra novelística. Para los vírgenes en esta materia, es una buena manera de conocer y empezar a empaparse de la prosa, los temas, la brillantez y los personajes, todos fascinantes, que aparecen reiterativamente en sus libros y así, motivarse a explorar sus libros más complejos y redondos.

 Roberto Bolaño. Cuentos. Editorial Anagrama, 1ª Edición en Otra Vuelta de Tuerca, abril 2010;  Barcelona, 548 pp.

AM/RL

337 Comments

  1. What’s up to all, how is everything, I think every one is getting more from this site, and your views are fastidious in support of
    new viewers.

  2. Now it is time to pick your specific investments.

  3. Hi there, I discovered your site by means of Google while looking for
    a similar matter, your web site came up, it appears to be
    like good. I’ve bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.
    Hello there, simply changed into alert to your blog through Google, and located that it’s really informative.
    I’m going to be careful for brussels. I’ll appreciate if you happen to continue this in future.
    A lot of other people can be benefited from your writing.

    Cheers!

  4. Yes! Finally someone writes about ig.

  5. Excellent beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your site, how can i subscribe for a blog website?
    The account aided me a acceptable deal. I had been tiny bit acquainted of
    this your broadcast offered bright clear idea

  6. Hurrah, that’s what I was exploring for, what a information! existing here at this weblog, thanks admin of this site.

  7. Thanks for ones marvelous posting! I definitely enjoyed reading it, you happen to
    be a great author. I will remember to bookmark your blog
    and definitely will come back from now on.
    I want to encourage one to continue your great job,
    have a nice day!

  8. All varieties of investments come with certain risks.

  9. Nice post. I learn something new and challenging on blogs I stumbleupon every day.
    It’s always interesting to read through articles from other authors and practice something from other sites.

  10. Amazing issues here. I’m very glad to see your article. Thanks so much and I’m taking a look ahead to contact you.
    Will you please drop me a mail?

  11. Wonderful, what a web site it is! This webpage presents useful information to us,
    keep it up.

  12. Hello friends, pleasant article and good urging commented at
    this place, I am genuinely enjoying by these.

  13. Its like you learn my thoughts! You seem to grasp so much about this, such as you wrote the e-book in it or something.
    I think that you just can do with some p.c. to pressure the message house a bit, however
    instead of that, that is excellent blog. An excellent read.
    I’ll definitely be back.

  14. That is very interesting, You’re an overly professional blogger.
    I’ve joined your feed and sit up for seeking more of your fantastic post.

    Additionally, I’ve shared your website in my social networks

  15. Thank you for the good writeup. It in fact was a amusement
    account it. Look advanced to far added agreeable from you!
    However, how can we communicate?

  16. Woah! I’m really loving the template/theme of this site. It’s simple, yet effective.
    A lot of times it’s hard to get that “perfect balance”
    between user friendliness and appearance. I must say you have done a awesome job with
    this. Additionally, the blog loads super fast for me on Safari.
    Superb Blog!

  17. What’s up Dear, are you genuinely visiting this
    web page daily, if so after that you will definitely
    take pleasant experience.

  18. Hey just wanted to give you a quick heads up.
    The words in your article seem to be running off
    the screen in Opera. I’m not sure if this is a format issue or something
    to do with browser compatibility but I thought I’d post to let you know.
    The layout look great though! Hope you get the issue resolved
    soon. Thanks

  19. Great post however , I was wanting to know if you could write a litte more on this
    subject? I’d be very grateful if you could elaborate a little bit more.

    Thanks!

  20. Oh my goodness! Amazing article dude! Thanks, However I am
    experiencing difficulties with your RSS. I don’t understand the reason why I am unable to subscribe to it.
    Is there anybody getting the same RSS problems? Anyone who knows the solution will you kindly respond?
    Thanx!!

  21. If some one wishes to be updated with latest technologies after that he
    must be pay a quick visit this web page and be up to date daily.

  22. Great post! We are linking to this particularly great article on our
    website. Keep up the good writing.

  23. Thankfulness to my father who stated to me on the topic of this website, this blog is really amazing.

  24. May I simply just say what a relief to find someone that genuinely understands
    what they are talking about over the internet.

    You actually realize how to bring an issue to light and
    make it important. More and more people need to
    check this out and understand this side of your story. It’s surprising you’re not more popular given that you definitely possess
    the gift.

  25. Incredible points. Sound arguments. Keep up the great work.

  26. Awesome website you have here but I was curious about if you knew of any forums that cover the same topics discussed here?

    I’d really love to be a part of group where I can get opinions from
    other experienced people that share the same interest. If you have any recommendations, please let me know.
    Bless you!

  27. Hi there I am so excited I found your blog page, I really
    found you by error, while I was browsing on Bing for something else, Regardless I am here now and would just like to
    say cheers for a fantastic post and a all round enjoyable blog
    (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to go
    through it all at the moment but I have bookmarked it and also added in your RSS feeds,
    so when I have time I will be back to read much more, Please do keep up the great b.

  28. I love what you guys are up too. This type of clever work and exposure!
    Keep up the good works guys I’ve added you guys to our blogroll.

  29. I do consider all of the concepts you’ve offered to
    your post. They’re really convincing and can definitely work.
    Nonetheless, the posts are very brief for newbies. May you please extend them a little from next time?
    Thanks for the post.

  30. Its such as you learn my thoughts! You seem to
    understand a lot about this, like you wrote the
    ebook in it or something. I think that you
    simply could do with a few percent to drive the message home a bit, but other than that,
    that is magnificent blog. A great read. I will certainly
    be back.

  31. Good replies in return of this issue with firm
    arguments and describing all concerning that.

  32. They’re certified arborists and employees are insured.

  33. Hey excellent website! Does running a blog such as this require
    a great deal of work? I’ve very little expertise in computer programming but I
    had been hoping to start my own blog soon. Anyhow, should you have any recommendations or techniques
    for new blog owners please share. I know this is off topic however
    I simply needed to ask. Thank you!

  34. Nice post. I learn something totally new and challenging on blogs I stumbleupon everyday. It’s always useful to read content from other authors and practice a little something from their web sites. |

  35. Hello there, You have done a fantastic job. I will definitely digg it and personally recommend to my friends.
    I am confident they will be benefited from this site.

  36. Huge sects of the nation pounded President Trump after he said “the national media was the enemy of the American people”
    then we witness CBS News today lambaste a former president during his
    funeral and I’m… …

Leave a Reply

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *

*