Si Borges hubiera manejado un Ferrari

Jorge Luis Borges

No sólo aspirar a emprender el vuelo como las aves, quizá el ser humano haya llegado incluso a soñar con tener en el aire su propio domicilio, tal como ciertos navegantes que en siglos pasados colonizaron el océano.

Baste recordar que Jules Verne, ese gran visionario y coetáneo de Rimbaud, escribió un libro sobre una ciudad que se desplaza por los cielos.

Si hemos de hacer caso a Virgilio en su descripción del inframundo (preferible no pronunciar el nombre de Dante, susceptible de prestarse a malinterpretaciones), tal vez el hombre habite desde hace mucho regiones en las que el fuego es elemento dominante.

Omar Jayyam afirma que “el cielo y el infierno están en ti”, y Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, en su Discurso sobre la dignidad del hombre, expresa que el ser humano no tiene de fijo hogar alguno, no es un ser celestial ni terrenal, dice, en tanto exalta su capacidad de adaptación.

Con todo, el que la fuerza de gravedad siga privando en este y otros universos próximos, facilita el desplazamiento de los mamíferos (en general) por el piso, aunque fuego, aire o agua sean susceptibles de brindar alojamiento al hombre en grados diversos.

Y si de desplazarse por el piso se trata, los siete títulos de Michael Schumacher no dejarán mentir que es mucho mejor manejar un Ferrari que un Mercedes, y que la edad no condiciona la mente, mas es mejor hacer ciertas cosas de viejo que de joven, y vice versa.

En la antigüedad (pienso en Herón de Alejandría y sus pasmosos inventos), y quizá no en época tan lejana, habría podido profesarse la idea de que las máquinas contribuirían a librar de trabajos penosos los días del ser humano.

Actualmente, se tiene la noción de que la tecnología le ahorra al hombre un tiempo inestimable, pero no se dice dónde radica el ahorro ni si su vida se ha vuelto más plena.

Por ciertos casos, pareciera que las profecías de la ciencia ficción, sin muchos de sus revestimientos tremendistas, realmente se cumplieron y que gran cantidad de seres humanos precisan de máquinas al punto de casi haber sido esclavizados por ellas. ¿En qué se ha transformado el mundo? (!)

No obstante y a diferencia de otras invenciones, las hay que al manipularlas confieren una sana sensación de continuidad, tal como la máquina automotriz que tan pronto se la enciende uno debe ocupar sus sentidos en ella (no como en las películas estadounidenses en blanco y negro, donde el conductor nunca atiende el camino).

Si uno toma un taxi, aborda un tren, sube a un avión, se embarca en un crucero o viaja en un transbordador espacial, es posible que nuestros pensamientos cobren corporalidad y perdamos la noción del tiempo, lo que no ocurre al conducir.

Por el contrario, al consultar Internet y realizar travesías virtuales, uno guarda la impresión de que algo se ha perdido, de que la experiencia se ha truncado, o que difícilmente podría denominarse experiencia a capítulos semejantes en los que el reloj corre pero mi cuerpo se queda.

En ese sentido, gracias a la realidad virtual uno siempre puede experimentar un jet lag sin moverse de casa. ¿Qué dirían los Contemporáneos hoy, ellos, tan propugnadores del viaje inmóvil?

Acabando de leer en días pasados tres cuentos del maestro del viaje inmóvil, Jorge Luis Borges, a saber: “El inmortal”, “El Zahir” y “La escritura del dios”, recordé las palabras de un compañero de la facultad, que contaba que el escritor argentino hablaba de la eternidad y la geometría del infinito, los sueños, los laberintos y los tigres como nadie, pero que en su vida no había aprendido a conducir un automóvil ni a utilizar los cajeros automáticos (ignoro si esto es cierto, pero los ATM fueron inventados en el año 69 del siglo pasado y basta con que haya sido factible).

Los tres textos (aunque Borges vincula “El Zahir” a “El libro de arena” y a “Tlön Uqbar, Orbis Tertius”) comparten una característica: exploran la posibilidad de lo sobrehumano.

“El inmortal”, como el título indica, trata de un hombre que adviene a dicha condición, así como de los avatares que dicha condición envuelve. “El Zahir”, señala Borges, es sobre un amor ridículo, la locura y un objeto inolvidable, aunque tiene más puntos de convergencia con “El Aleph” y “La escritura del dios”, este último sobre lo divino que encarna en lo contingente y lo temporal, borrándolo del todo, tal como esa moneda a la que el Zahir ha condescendido.

El grado de abstracción que tales ficciones implica habla del tiempo que Borges destinaba a las mismas, y su tema, el instante supremo (el hallar un punto en el universo en el que todo existe sin interrupciones a la vez) no habría sido posible si Borges, la persona que nació el año 99 del siglo antepasado, hubiera dado preeminencia a lo analógico sobre lo digital (en este caso, la materia mental).

Dicho de otra manera, algunos de los cuentos más fantásticos del argentino se oponen a la continuidad, porque descubren verdaderos oasis en los que las monedas no poseen dos caras, las paredes no tienen esquinas y no existen las dimensiones, porque las cosas aparecen en su completud ante la mirada.

Es posible —y la sola posibilidad debiera ser estudiada más minuciosamente— que si tal como cuenta el mito, Borges se hubiera desplazado por la tierra sobre una de esas máquinas automotrices, con mucha seguridad no habría tenido tanto tiempo para discurrir sobre la yuxtaposición de lo infinito en este mundo finito, lo que, de hecho, habría sido todavía más probable, si el carro que el escritor manejara hubiese sido un Ferrari.

OAG / TRIPODOLOGÍA FELINA

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