Sobre la cultura olmeca

Parque-Museo La Venta, Villahermosa, Tabasco. / Foto © Marco Antonio Pacheco

Minatitlán, Ver.- Al ser la primera civilización que floreciera en la región, se suele hablar de los olmecas como la “cultura madre” de Mesoamérica. No obstante, poco se sabe sobre sus orígenes, desarrollo y decadencia.

El grueso de la comunidad arqueológica se ha decantado en el estudio y difusión de culturas posteriores, cuyo legado es mucho más vistoso y abundante que el olmeca, sean ejemplos las culturas maya, teotihuacana o mexica.

Sin embargo, a pesar del poco conocimiento que se tiene sobre los olmecas (o incluso quizá por ello), esta cultura delinea un horizonte fascinante y casi ilimitado de investigación para la disciplina arqueológica. Es por ello que resulta particularmente valioso el esfuerzo realizado por los especialistas del Proyecto San Lorenzo Tenochtitlán quienes, patrocinados por el Fondo para la Comunicación y Educación Ambiental A.C. (FCEA) y Petróleos Mexicanos (Pemex), han organizado una serie de conferencias itinerantes para difundir el conocimiento sobre los olmecas en la región del río Coatzacoalcos durante los meses de marzo y abril.

Las localidades de Minatitlán, Coatzacoalcos, Cosoleacaque, Mapachapa, Zaragoza, Nanchital y Tenochtitlán, entre otras, han recibido en distintos centros culturales y educativos al grupo de arqueólogos dirigido por la Dra. Ann Cyphers (del Instituto de Investigaciones Antropológicas de la UNAM), quien ha compartido los avances en el conocimiento de la vida cotidiana y ceremonial de los olmecas, los sitios sagrados, el paleoambiente y dieta, el significado de las distintivas esculturas, como son las cabezas colosales y demás manifestaciones materiales de esta civilización, así como de sus técnicas arqueológicas.

Hasta finales de la década de los ochenta, los esfuerzos arqueológicos en la región se habían concentrado principalmente en la búsqueda de grandes monumentos —altares, cabezas colosales y escultura en general— por lo que el conocimiento de las costumbres y cotidianeidad olmecas permanecieron en la sombra. Sin embargo, y a raíz del establecimiento del Proyecto Arqueológico San Lorenzo Tenochtitlán, en 1990, a cargo de la Dra. Cyphers, hoy se conoce mucho más acerca de cómo pudo haber sido el entorno en el que se desarrolló esta cultura y sus maneras de adaptarse al mismo.

Así, hoy se sabe que la dieta de los olmecas era muy diversa, e incluía tubérculos, maíz y cacao (este último utilizado para hacer una bebida refrescante que, hasta el día de hoy, es muy común en la región). Igualmente, el estudio de los diversos tipos de suelo hallados en San Lorenzo ha revelado mucho sobre las características de las viviendas olmecas, como las maquetas mostradas en las presentaciones lo hacen constar. De hecho, la actual temporada de excavaciones en el sitio está concentrada en el llamado Palacio Rojo —cuyo nombre se debe al color del material con el que fue construido—, una imponente estructura que probablemente constituye el palacio más antiguo de Mesoamérica.

Las ponencias incluyeron además información sobre las diferentes etapas de ocupación de la zona, ya que los olmecas no fueron los únicos que habitaron en ella, sino que existe clara evidencia de que otros grupos se asentaron e incluso construyeron sobre las estructuras olmecas en siglos posteriores. Los arqueólogos se refieren a esta ocupación post-olmeca como la cultura “Villa Alta”, aunque se sabe muy poco ella.

Mediante esta serie de charlas, el proyecto aspira a forjar lazos comunitarios para promover la preservación del gran sitio arqueológico de San Lorenzo, el rescate de la biodiversidad de la zona, así como el fomento de una identidad regional mediante el conocimiento de la enorme riqueza cultural que alberga la cuenca del Coatzacoalcos.

En 1924, Antonio Caso advertía desesperanzado que el problema más grande de México no era político ni económico, sino antropológico y espiritual, y que mientras no se resolviera esa cuestión fundamental, no se podría avanzar en ningún otro rubro. Bajo esa égida, claramente plasmada en el trabajo de Manuel Gamio, la arqueología mexicana se concentró en atajar el problema identificado por Caso. Hoy, a casi cien años, esfuerzos como el del grupo del Proyecto San Lorenzo dotan de vigencia a sus palabras. El conocimiento y apropiación de su legado histórico y cultural, por parte de los habitantes de la región y de México en general, se muestran como los primeros y valiosísimos pasos en el descubrimiento real de nuestra sociedad.

RMM/JESM

4.677 Comments

  1. This is a topic which is near to my heart Thank you! Exactly where are your contact details though?

  2. I simply want to say I am just newbie to weblog and certainly liked this web-site. Most likely I’m want to bookmark your site . You really come with tremendous article content. Appreciate it for sharing with us your blog.

  3. Thank you ever so for you article post. Want more.

  4. Your positions continually have got a lot of really up to date info. Where do you come up with this? Just saying you are very resourceful. Thanks again

  5. It’s actually a nice and useful piece of info. I am
    glad that you just shared this useful info with us.
    Please stay us informed like this. Thanks for sharing.

  6. just beneath, are a lot of completely not connected websites to ours, on the other hand, they are certainly worth going over

  7. thank you web site admin

  8. Some genuinely nice and utilitarian info on this website , besides I think the design and style contains fantastic features.

  9. Your positions continually have got a lot of really up to date info. Where do you come up with this? Just saying you are very resourceful. Thanks again

  10. Vitamin E is another treatment that is best

  11. thank you web site admin

  12. I simply want to tell you that I am just all new to blogging and site-building and actually savored your web blog. Probably I’m want to bookmark your blog post . You really come with wonderful stories. Bless you for revealing your website.

  13. I’m not sure why but this website is loading extremely slow for me.
    Is anyone else having this issue or is it a issue on my end?

    I’ll check back later on and see if the problem still exists.

  14. dpdavbzc Yeezy 2019,Thanks a lot for providing us with this recipe of Cranberry Brisket. I’ve been wanting to make this for a long time but I couldn’t find the right recipe. Thanks to your help here, I can now make this dish easily.

  15. pitfgf Yeezy 2019,Quality blog, keep up the good work. You may check our website also!

  16. vemjwxhhxke Yeezy,Very helpful and best artical information Thanks For sharing.

  17. Im grateful for the blog post.Thanks Again. Fantastic.

  18. I simply want to mention I am just all new to weblog and truly enjoyed you’re web site. Almost certainly I’m likely to bookmark your blog . You definitely come with fabulous articles. Thanks for revealing your website page.

  19. You made some decent factors there. I appeared on the internet for the issue and found most people will associate with with your website.

  20. Wonderful blog! I found it while surfing around on Yahoo News.

    Do you have any tips on how to get listed in Yahoo News?
    I’ve been trying for a while but I never seem to get there!
    Many thanks

  21. Oh my goodness! Awesome article dude! Many thanks,
    However I am going through problems with your RSS. I don’t know why I can’t join it.

    Is there anyone else having identical RSS issues?
    Anyone who knows the answer will you kindly respond? Thanks!!

  22. Hello it’s me, I am also visiting this web site
    daily, this site is in fact pleasant and the viewers are
    actually sharing pleasant thoughts.

  23. Amazing blog layout here. Was it hard creating a nice looking website like this?

  24. thank you web site admin

  25. Good writing skills here, I like it 🙂

  26. Yes! Finally someone writes about ig.

  27. This is one awesome article post.Much thanks again. Will read on…

  28. wkoeko,A fascinating discussion is definitely worth comment. I do think that you ought to publish more on this topic, it may not be a taboo alwmsopomvg,subject but generally folks don’t talk about such subjects. To the next! All the best!!

  29. Amazing blog layout here. Was it hard creating a nice looking website like this?

  30. Прислано из украины порно.

  31. whoah this blog is fantastic i love studying your posts. Keep up the great paintings! You recognize, a lot of people are looking around for this info, you could help them greatly.

  32. I must convey my affection for your generosity giving support to those people that should have guidance on the concern. Your real commitment to getting the message all over was unbelievably helpful and have truly enabled individuals just like me to get to their targets. Your own insightful tips and hints indicates a whole lot a person like me and additionally to my fellow workers. With thanks; from everyone of us.

  33. jlkswaqqo Yeezy Shoes,Are you searching for top class Escort service in Noida and want to enjoy with them, hire sexy girls from top Greater Noida escort service and enjoy full night.

  34. It’s perfect time to make some plans for the future and it
    is time to be happy. I have read this post and if I could I want to suggest you few interesting things or suggestions.
    Maybe you can write next articles referring to this
    article. I desire to read more things about it!

  35. I really like and appreciate your blog article. Great.

  36. Amazing blog layout here. Was it hard creating a nice looking website like this?

  37. thank you web site admin

  38. It’s an amazing article in support of all the web
    users; they will take benefit from it I am
    sure.

  39. thank you web site admin

  40. Awesome blog.Really thank you! Keep writing.

  41. Have you ever considered about including a little bit more than just your articles?
    I mean, what you say is important and all.
    But think of if you added some great images or videos to give your posts more, “pop”!
    Your content is excellent but with images and
    video clips, this website could undeniably be one of the very best in its
    field. Excellent blog!

  42. uxmsabljbzq,Your blog was informative and valuable to me. Thanks for sharing.

  43. Видио секс безплатно.

  44. What’s up it’s me, I am also visiting this site on a regular basis, this
    site is genuinely good and the people are really sharing pleasant thoughts.

  45. Very good info. Lucky me I came across your website by chance (stumbleupon). I have bookmarked it for later!

  46. There is apparently a bundle to know about this. I suppose you made certain good points in features also.

  47. Thanks-a-mundo for the blog.Really looking forward to read more. Awesome.

  48. Thanks for the blog post.Really looking forward to read more. Much obliged.

  49. zkjynp,Your blog was informative and valuable to me. Thanks for sharing.

  50. hmwwamjicr New Yeezy,A very good informative article. I’ve bookmarked your website and will be checking back in future!

  51. Thanks for sharing this excellent post. Very interesting ideas! (as always, btw)

  52. I am not very superb with English but I find this very easygoing to translate.

  53. I truly wanted to write a brief note so as to say thanks to you for the stunning secrets you are sharing here. My extensive internet investigation has at the end of the day been paid with pleasant suggestions to share with my friends and family. I would repeat that we readers actually are unequivocally blessed to live in a very good network with many brilliant individuals with very helpful techniques. I feel somewhat grateful to have encountered your entire webpages and look forward to some more pleasurable minutes reading here. Thank you once more for everything.

  54. thank you web site admin

  55. These people run together with step around these people along with the boots and shoes nonetheless seem excellent. I do think they are often well worth the charge.

  56. Royale Android stones, then you Really Need to find the location out You ought to go. Stone are some of the more important portions The cards that are outstanding. Should You make a fantastic amount of Clash|Clash Royale has come to become Tremendously popular among players that You should really go. Wish to find out more on the subject of struggle matches. As far as now, it really is looking to function as only still yet another significant strike for super cell. What’s even better is the fact that once you have waxed Clash Royale, that is it!

  57. Your positions continually have got a lot of really up to date info. Where do you come up with this? Just saying you are very resourceful. Thanks again

  58. thank you web site admin

  59. Appreciate you sharing, great blog post.Really looking forward to read more.

  60. I just want to mention I’m all new to blogs and certainly savored you’re web site. More than likely I’m want to bookmark your site . You surely have good writings. Appreciate it for sharing your web page.

  61. And that is an funding threat value taking.

  62. This web site certainly has all of the information I needed about this subject and didn at know who to ask.

  63. Thanks-a-mundo for the blog.Really looking forward to read more. Awesome.

  64. thank you web site admin

  65. thank you web site admin

  66. You made some respectable points there. I seemed on the web for the issue and found most people will go together with along with your website.

  67. thank you web site admin

  68. How long does a copyright last on newspaper articles?. . If a service copies newspapers articles and then posts it in a database on the Internet, is there also a copyright on the Internet content?.

  69. Hey, thanks for the article.Much thanks again. Cool.

  70. ydxsmxwxwm Yeezy Shoes,Thanks for this useful information, Really amazing. Thanks again. I LOve your BloG

  71. One other important area is that if you are an elderly person, travel insurance pertaining to pensioners is something you must really look at. The more aged you are, a lot more at risk you’re for permitting something undesirable happen to you while abroad. If you are certainly not covered by a few comprehensive insurance coverage, you could have quite a few serious complications. Thanks for giving your hints on this web blog.

  72. Thank you a bunch for sharing this with all folks you really understand what you are speaking about! Bookmarked. Please also consult with my site =). We could have a hyperlink change arrangement between us!

  73. I’ve been absent for a while, but now I remember why I used to love this web site. Thank you, I will try and check back more often. How frequently you update your web site?

  74. thank you web site admin

  75. Amazing blog layout here. Was it hard creating a nice looking website like this?

  76. You made some respectable points there. I seemed on the web for the issue and found most people will go together with along with your website.

Leave a Reply

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *

*